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Encyclopedia of Automotive Engineering



Encyclopedia of Automotive Engineering

David Crolla

ISBN: 978-0-470-97402-5 March 2015 4101 Pages

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A Choice Oustanding Academic Title

The Encyclopedia of Automotive Engineering provides for the first time a large, unified knowledge base laying the foundation for advanced study and in-depth research. Through extensive cross-referencing and search functionality it provides a gateway to detailed but scattered information on best industry practice, engendering a better understanding of interrelated concepts and techniques that cut across specialized areas of engineering. Beyond traditional automotive subjects the Encyclopedia addresses green technologies, the shift from mechanics to electronics, and the means to produce safer, more efficient vehicles within varying economic restraints worldwide.

The work comprises nine main parts: (1) Engines: Fundamentals (2) Engines: Design (3) Hybrid and Electric Powertrains (4) Transmission and Driveline (5) Chassis Systems (6) Electrical and Electronic Systems (7) Body Design (8) Materials and Manufacturing (9) Telematics.

  • Offers authoritative coverage of the wide-ranging specialist topics encompassed by automotive engineering
  • An accessible point of reference for entry level engineers and students who require an understanding of the fundamentals of technologies outside of their own expertise or training
  • Provides invaluable guidance to more detailed texts and research findings in the technical literature
  • Developed in conjunction with FISITA, the umbrella organisation for the national automotive societies in 37 countries around the world and representing more than 185,000 automotive engineers
6 Volumes

An essential resource for libraries and information centres in industry, research and training organizations, professional societies, government departments, and all relevant engineering departments in the academic sector.  


Editorial Board




Part 1

Operating Principles

Thermordynamic Analysis

Fundamental Chemical Kinetics

Fundamental Combustion Modes

Solving Combustion Chemistry in Engine Simulations

NOx Formation and Models

UHC and CO Formation and Models

Particulate Formation and Models

Gas Exchange - Breathing and Air Management

Fuel Introduction

In-Cylinder Flow

Spark Ignition Combustion

Diesel and Diesel LTC Combustion

Advanced Compression-Ignition Combustion for Ultra-Low NOx and Soot

Pressure and Heat Release Analysis

Zero- and One-Dimensional Methodologies and Tools

Multidimensional Simulation

Fuels for Engines and the Impact of Fuel Composition on Engine Performance

Intake Boosting

Exhaust Gas Energy Recovery

Engine Thermal Management

Lubrication and Friction

Gas Aftertreatment Systems

Solid/Condensed Phase Aftertreatment Systems

Engine Performance

Exhaust Emissions


Trends – Spark Ignition

Trends – Compression Ignition

Part 2

Automotive Diesel Engine Development Trends

Critical layout dimensions

Cranktrain Development

Cooling Systems

Lubrication systems

Piston and ring development

Valvetrain development

Material and Process Selection – Cylinder Blocks and Heads

Block and Head Analysis

Gaskets and Sealing

NVH Considerations in Engine Development



Diesel Fuel Injection Systems

Emission Control Systems - Oxides of nitrogen

Stoichiometric Exhaust Emission Control

Exhaust Emission Control Considerations for Diesel Engines

Engine Management Systems

Engine/Transmission Matching

Drive Cycles

Fuel economy optimization

Part 3

Overview of Electric, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Vehicles

EV powertrain configuration

EV powertrain parameters

EV auxilaries

Basic consideration

Micro, mild and full hybrid

Series Hybrid Electric Vehicles (SHEVs)

Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Parallel HEVs)

Series-Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Range extender EV

All-Wheel Drive Hybrid System

EVT and E-CVT for Full Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Power and Energy requirements for electric and hybrid vehicles

Rechargeable Battery Basics

Advanced batteries for vehicle applications

Batteries indication and management

Battery safety for lithium batteries in vehicle applications

Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles

Ultracapacitors in electric drive vehicles

General requirement of traction motor drives

DC motor drives

Induction motor drives

Future direction of traction motor drives

Regenerative braking systems

Energy management systems of EVs

Energy management systems of HEVs

Battery charging standards

Communication of Electric Vehicles

Voltage Control and Frequency Control

Impact of electric vehicles on low-voltage supply systems

Part 4

General Introduction - basic definitions, structure of Part 4

Transmission Gear Design

Loads & Bearings and Bearing Failure

Mechanics of contacting surfaces

Tribological optimisation in the powertrain

Synchronisers - gear change process, loads, timing, shift effort, thermal loads, materials and tolerances

Dry Clutch

Clutch Wet

Automotive Torque Converters

Manual (MT) - layouts, design considerations, packaging & manual shift mechanism, manufacturing & assembly

Automatic Transmissions - geartrain combinations, components, design considerations, hydraulic system, packaging, manuf., assembly

The variable pulley CVT

Traction drive CVT

Power Split Configurations

Dual Mass Flywheel (DMF)

Propshafts (Driveshafts)

Coupling connections and splines

Articulated Joints and Couplings – Cardan and CV Joints

Axle Systems

Basic Open Differentials

Passive and Active Limited Slip Differentials

Torque Transfer with AWD Systems

Drive train noise, vibration and harshness

Clutch Actuation

Launch Control

Control systems and strategies for automated manual and double clutch transmissions

AT Control – actuation methods & system integration, gear choice, gear shift strategy & process, adaptive features

CVT Control - system integration, ratio choice, shift dynamics & strategy, adaptive features, engine calibration, em assist

Part 5

Possibilities of coil springs and fibre reinforced suspension parts

Air suspension systems, what advanced applications may be possible?

The harshness of air springs in passenger cars

Air supply for advanced applications

Technology of active shock absorbers and benefits in regards of ride and handling

Suspension arms, steel versus aluminium,where are the  benefits?

Performance Target Conflicts in Normal Tires and Ultra High Performance (UHP) Tires

Tyre pressure monitoring systems

Brake systems, an overview

Carbon fibre reinforced siliconcarbide: a new brake disk material

The development of alternative brake systems

The Cooperation of Regenerative Braking and Friction Braking in Fuel Cell-, Hybrid- and Electric Vehicles

Designing twist beam axles

ULSAS – Suspensions, a comparison of rear suspension design

Light weight front suspensions, a comparison

Active front steering for passenger cars

New Electrical Power Steering Systems

Steer by Wire, Potential and Challenges

The potential for handling improvements by global chassis control

Customer oriented Evaluation of Vehicle Handling Characteristics

Automated Driving

Global Chassis Control in Passenger Cars

Chassis Control Systems - A Look into the Future

Torque vectoring by drive train systems

Chassis modeling and optimization by the advanced method ABE

System Simulation in DSHPLUS, What applications are possible?

Comparison of the modeling techniques for chassis applications. An advice for the user

Part 6

Historical Overview of Electronics and Automobiles: Breakthroughs and Innovation by Electronics and Electrical Technology

ECU technologies from components to ECU configuration

Diversification of electronics and electrical systems and the technologies for the integrated systems

Microcomputers and Related Technologies: Enlargement of Software Size, Algorithms, Architectures, Hierarchy Design, Functional Decomposition, and Standardization

Increase of ECU and Wire harness, JB simplify and decrease networks

ECU Design and Reliability

Manufacturing: An Introduction to Production Technology, SCM, and Quality Assurance

In-Vehicle Network

Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation

The Wire Harness


Generators and Charging Control


Applications of radio wave technologies to vehicles

Applications of image recognition technologies to vehicles

Vehicle safety, Functional safety, OBD diagnosis

Interfaces between Sensors and ECUs

Various types of sensors

Ceramics sensors for power train ECU systems

Semiconductor Sensor (1)—Sensors for Power Trains

Semiconductor Sensors (2): Sensors for Safety Systems

Semiconductor Sensors (3): Optical Sensors

Various Kinds of Actuators and Signal Interfaces

Engine ECU systems

Hybrid Systems and High Voltage Components

Chassis ECU (Vehicle dynamics, ABS)

Chassis ECU (Steering)

Chassis ECU (ACC)

Body ECU Cluster

Body ECU (airbag)

Body and Lighting ECU (Key-less Entry, Sonar, HID, LED Usage for Lamps)

Car air conditioning and electronics: analog, digital control and zone management

Car navigation


Active safety, pre-collision safety and other safety products (millimeter wave, image recognition, laser)

Part 7

Body design, overview, targeting a good balance between all vehicle functionalities

Innovative structural design

The Fascination of Car Body Manufacture: Requirements for car body manufacture from viewpoint of production

Styling of cars, from sketch to realisation, main trends and milestones

Fundamentals, basic principals in road vehicle aerodynamics & design

Exterior vehicle noise development: assessment and control

Vehicle vibration and harshness

Vehicle architecture for meeting anthropometric, posture, comfort, health requirements of passengers

Human Machine Interface design in modern vehicles

Vehicle seat design, development and manufacturing

Physics of car crashes: design concepts for safer cars

Reparability and insurance ratings in the development of cars

Adaptive Restraint Systems: Towards Integral Safety

Pedestrian protection, overview

Part 8

Processing of Steels

Wrought Aluminum Alloys: Grades and Properties and Processing

Automotive Applications for Magnesium

Automotive Applications for Titanium

Processing of Polymers

Application of Elastomeric Components for Noise and Vibration Isolation in the Automotive Industry


Hybrid Structures

Metal Matrix Composites: Automotive Applications

Automotive Glazing

Recycling of Polymers & Composites

Biopolymers & Biocomposites

Automotive Environmental Life Cycle Assessment

Part 9

Intelligent Transport Systems: Overview and Structure (history, applications, architectures)

Intelligent Transport Systems: Market and Policies

Evolution and Future Trends

Technologies - Communication: Mobile

Technologies - Communication: Wireless LAN-based Vehicular Communication

Technologies - Positioning: GNSS

Tracking and navigation for goods and people

In-vehicle sensors

Data Acquisition by Roadside Detection

Technologies - Data Acquisition: Data fusion

Applications - Intelligent Vehicles: Driver Information

Driver Assistance

Applications - Intelligent Roads and Cooperative Systems: Urban Traffic Management

Advanced Highway Management Systems

Road Traffic and Travel Information (RTTI)

Logistics and Fleet Management

Tolling, Mobility Pricing

Applications - Further Applications: Emergency Services, eCall

Quality Management in ITS

IT-Security for Communicating Automotive Systems

Driver Distraction

“Because of its historical coverage and the focus on 21st-century automotive technology and trends, the work will enjoy a long shelf life and remain a unique, invaluable resource in its field.”  (Choice, 1 November 2015)