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English Language Arts, Grade 8 Module 2: Working with Evidence, Teacher Guide



English Language Arts, Grade 8 Module 2: Working with Evidence, Teacher Guide

PCG Education

ISBN: 978-1-119-10561-9 October 2015 Jossey-Bass 336 Pages


Jossey-Bass and PCG Education are proud to bring the Paths to College and Career English Language Arts (ELA) curriculum and professional development resources for grades 6–12 to educators across the country. Originally developed for EngageNY and written with a focus on the shifts in instructional practice and student experiences the standards require, Paths to College and Career includes daily lesson plans, guiding questions, recommended texts, scaffolding strategies and other classroom resources.

Paths to College and Career is a concrete and practical ELA instructional program that engages students with compelling and complex texts. At each grade level, Paths to College and Career delivers a yearlong curriculum that develops all students' ability to read closely and engage in text-based discussions, build evidence-based claims and arguments, conduct research and write from sources, and expand their academic vocabulary. Paths to College and Career's instructional resources address the needs of all learners, including students with disabilities, English language learners, and gifted and talented students.

This enhanced curriculum provides teachers with freshly designed Teacher Guides that make the curriculum more accessible and flexible, a Teacher Resource Book for each module that includes all of the materials educators need to manage instruction, and Student Journals that give students learning tools for each module and a single place to organize and document their learning.

As the creators of the Paths ELA curriculum for grades 6–12, PCG Education provides a professional learning program that ensures the success of the curriculum. The program includes:

  • Nationally recognized professional development from an organization that has been immersed in the new standards since their inception.
  • Blended learning experiences for teachers and leaders that enrich and extend the learning.
  • A train-the-trainer program that builds capacity and provides resources and individual support for embedded leaders and coaches.

Paths offers schools and districts a unique approach to ensuring college and career readiness for all students, providing state-of-the-art curriculum and state-of-the-art implementation.

About PCG Education vii

What Is Paths to College and Career? ix

Curriculum Maps xix

Grade 8 Curriculum Map xxi

Unit-Level Assessments (ELA CCSS) xxvi

ELA Curriculum: Grades 6–8 Curriculum Plan xxxviii

Module Overview 1

Unit 1 23

Unit Overview Building Background Knowledge 23

Taking a Stand

Lesson 1 Launching the Module 45

Taking a Stand

Lesson 2 Taking a Stand 51

“Equal Rights for Women”

Lesson 3 Analyzing Text Structure and Summarizing Text 56

“Equal Rights for Women” by Shirley Chisholm

Lesson 4 Central Idea and Supporting Details 61

“Equal Rights for Women”

Lesson 5 Analyzing the Author’s Perspective 67

“Equal Rights for Women” by Shirley Chisholm

Lesson 6 World Café 71

Analyzing Sojourner Truth’s “Ain’t I a Woman?”

Lesson 7 Mid-Unit Assessment 76

Analyzing Excerpts from Lyndon Johnson’s Speech “The Great Society”

Lesson 8 Launching To Kill a Mockingbird 79

Establishing Reading Routines (Chapter 1)

Lesson 9 Analyzing Character 85

Understanding Atticus (Chapter 1, Continued)

Lesson 10 Analyzing Text Structure 90

To Kill a Mockingbird (Chapter 2)

Lesson 11 Close Reading 97

Focusing on Taking a Stand (Chapter 2, Continued)

Lesson 12 Analyzing How Literature Draws on Themes from the Bible and World Religions 103

The Golden Rule (Chapter 3)

Lesson 13 Making Inferences 111

The Golden Rule and the Radleys’ Melancholy Little Drama (Chapter 4)

Lesson 14 Inferring About Character 118

Atticus (Chapter 5)

Lesson 15 Comparing Text Structures 123

To Kill a Mockingbird (Chapters 6 and 7) and “Those Winter Sundays”

Lesson 16 Jigsaw to Analyze Mood and Tone in To Kill a Mockingbird (Chapter 8) 129

Lesson 17 Text Comparisons 134

Comparing Text Structures and Text Types (Chapter 9)

Lesson 18 World Café to Analyze Themes in To Kill a Mockingbird (Chapter 10) 140

Lesson 19 End-of-Unit 1 Assessment 145

Analyzing the Author’s Craft in To Kill a Mockingbird: Allusions, Text Structure, Connections to Traditional Themes, and Figurative Language

Unit 2 149

Unit Overview Case Study 149

Atticus Takes a Stand

Lesson 1 Making Character Inferences 166

Analyzing How Words and Actions Reveal Character in To Kill a Mockingbird

Lesson 2 Text-to-Film Comparison 172

Taking a Stand at the Jailhouse (Chapters 14–15)

Lesson 3 Analyzing Themes 178

The Golden Rule and Taking a Stand (Chapters 16–17)

Lesson 4 Mid-Unit Assessment 183

Text-to-Film and Perspective Comparison of To Kill a Mockingbird (Chapter 18 and One Scene from Chapter 19)

Lesson 5 Close Reading 187

Fishbowl Comparing Atticus and Mr. Gilmer (Chapters 17–19)

Lesson 6 Analyzing Word Choice 192

Atticus’s Closing Speech (Chapters 20–21)

Lesson 7 Making Inferences 197

Analyzing Atticus (Chapters 22–23)

Lesson 8 Four Corners 201

Taking a Stand in To Kill a Mockingbird (Chapters 24–26 plus Synthesis of Scenes in Previous Chapters)

Lesson 9 Analyzing the Model Essay 207

Studying Argument (Chapter 27 plus Synthesis of Scenes in Previous Chapters)

Lesson 10 Writing an Argument Essay 214

Evaluating the Model and Crafting a Claim (Chapter 28, Including Synthesis of Scenes in Previous Chapters)

Lesson 11 Writing an Argument Essay 219

Peer Critique with Rubric (Chapters 29–31, Including Synthesis of Scenes in Previous Chapters)

Lesson 12 Writing an Argument Essay 225

Planning the Essay

Lesson 13 End-of-Unit 2 Assessment, Part 1 230

Drafting the Argument Essay

Lesson 14 Launching the Readers Theater Groups 235

Allocating Key Quotes and Scenes

Lesson 15 Writing the First Draft of the Readers Theater Script 241

Lesson 16 End-of-Unit 2 Assessment, Part 2 246

Revise Essay Drafts

Unit 3 250

Unit Overview Performance Task 250

Readers Theater: Taking a Stand in Maycomb

Lesson 1 Mid-Unit Assessment 257

Readers Theater Scene Selection: Justification and Peer Critique

Lesson 2 Our Group Readers Theater 262

Managing the Sequence of Events in Our Script

Lesson 3 Readers Theater 266

Writing a Conclusion

Lesson 4 End-of-Unit 3 Assessment 271

Readers Theater Commentary

Lesson 5 Performance Task 276

Readers Theater Performance