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Enterprise Data Governance: Reference and Master Data Management Semantic Modeling

Enterprise Data Governance: Reference and Master Data Management Semantic Modeling

Pierre Bonnet

ISBN: 978-1-118-62253-7

Mar 2013

320 pages



In an increasingly digital economy, mastering the quality of data is an increasingly vital yet still, in most organizations, a considerable task. The necessity of better governance and reinforcement of international rules and regulatory or oversight structures (Sarbanes Oxley, Basel II, Solvency II, IAS-IFRS, etc.) imposes on enterprises the need for greater transparency and better traceability of their data.

All the stakeholders in a company have a role to play and great benefit to derive from the overall goals here, but will invariably turn towards their IT department in search of the answers. However, the majority of IT systems that have been developed within businesses are overly complex, badly adapted, and in many cases obsolete; these systems have often become a source of data or process fragility for the business.   It is in this context that the management of ‘reference and master data’ or Master Data Management (MDM) and semantic modeling can intervene in order to straighten out the management of data in a forward-looking and sustainable manner.

This book shows how company executives and IT managers can take these new challenges, as well as the advantages of using reference and master data management, into account in answering questions such as: Which data governance functions are available? How can IT be better aligned with business regulations? What is the return on investment? How can we assess intangible IT assets and data? What are the principles of semantic modeling? What is the MDM technical architecture?  In these ways they will be better able to deliver on their responsibilities to their organizations, and position them for growth and robust data management and integrity in the future.

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Testimonials from the MDM Alliance Group xiii

Foreword xxv

Preface xxix

Acknowledgements xxxix

Introduction to MDM xli


Chapter 1. A Company and its Data 3

1.1. The importance of data and rules repositories 3

1.2. Back to basics 6

1.3. Reference/Master data definition 12

1.4. Searching for data quality 19

1.5. Different types of data repositories 27

Chapter 2. Strategic Aspects 37

2.1. Corporate governance 37

2.2. The transformation stages of an IT system 42

2.3. Sustainable IT Architecture 51

Chapter 3. Taking Software Packages into Account 57

3.1. The dead end of locked repositories 57

3.2. Criteria for choosing software packages 59

3.3. Impact for software vendors 63

3.4. MDM is also a software package 65

Chapter 4. Return on Investment 69

4.1. Financial gain from improved data quality 69

4.2. The financial gain of data reliability 71

4.3. The financial gain of mastering operational risks 74

4.4. The financial gain of IS transformation 77

4.5. Summary of the return on investment of MDM 83


Chapter 5. MDM Maturity Levels and Model-driven MDM 89

5.1. Virtual MDM 89

5.2. Static MDM 92

5.3. Semantic MDM 95

5.4. The MDM maturity model 100

5.5. A Model-driven MDM system 103

Chapter 6. Data Governance Functions 109

6.1. Brief overview 109

6.2. Ergonomics 111

6.3. Version management 112

6.4. The initialization and update of data by use context 114

6.5. Time management 118

6.6. Data validation rules 122

6.7. The data approval process 128

6.8. Access rights management 129

6.9. Data hierarchy management 130

6.10. Conclusion 131

Chapter 7. Organizational Aspects 133

7.1. Organization for semantic modeling 133

7.2. The definition of roles 146

7.3. Synthesis of the organization required to support the MDM 148


Chapter 8. The Semantic Modeling Framework 153

8.1. Establishing the framework of the method 153

8.2. Choosing the method 161

8.3. The components of Enterprise Data Architecture 172

8.4. The drawbacks of semantic modeling 178

8.5. Ready-to-use semantic models 180

Chapter 9. Semantic Modeling Procedures 187

9.1. A practical case of semantic modeling: the address 187

9.2. Example of Enterprise Data Architecture 199

9.3. Semantic modeling procedures 202

Chapter 10. Logical Data Modeling 215

10.1. The objectives of logical modeling 215

10.2. The components of logical data modeling 216

10.3. The principle of loose-coupling data 217

10.4. The data architecture within categories 221

10.5. Derivation procedures 221

10.6. Other logical modeling procedures 229

Chapter 11. Organization Modeling 233

11.1. The components of pragmatic modeling 234

11.2. Data approval processes 235

11.3. Use cases 239

11.4. Administrative objects 243

11.5. The derivation of pragmatic models to logical models 244

Chapter 12. Technical Integration of an MDM system 247

12.1. Integration models 248

12.2. Semantic integration 254

12.3. Data synchronization 258

12.4. Integration with the BRMS 261

12.5. Classification of databases and software development types 263

Conclusion 267

Appendix. Semantic Modeling of Address 271

A.1. The semantic model 272

A.2. Examples of screens generated by Model-driven MDM 277

A.3. Semantic modeling and data quality 282

A.4. Performance 282

A.5. Lifecycle of the Address business object 282

A.6. Insight into the XML schema 283

Bibliography 285

Index 287