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Essentials of Inorganic Materials Synthesis

Essentials of Inorganic Materials Synthesis

C. N. R. Rao, Kanishka Biswas

ISBN: 978-1-118-89267-1

Apr 2015

224 pages

Description

This compact handbook describes all the important methods of synthesis employed today for synthesizing inorganic materials.

Some features:

  • Focuses on modern inorganic materials with applications in nanotechnology, energy materials, and sustainability
  • Synthesis is a crucial component of materials science and technology; this book provides a simple introduction as well as an updated description of methods
  • Written in a very simple style, providing references to the literature to get details of the methods of preparation when required

Author Biographies vii

Preface ix

1 Introduction 1

2 Common Reactions Employed in Synthesis 7

2.1 Soft-Chemistry Routes, 12

3 Ceramic Methods 17

4 Decomposition of Precursor Compounds 23

5 Combustion Synthesis 33

6 Arc and Skull Methods 37

7 Reactions at High Pressures 41

8 Mechanochemical and Sonochemical Methods 47

8.1 Mechanochemistry, 47

8.2 Sonochemistry, 50

9 Use of Microwaves 53

10 Soft Chemistry Routes 57

10.1 Topochemical Reactions, 57

10.2 Intercalation Chemistry, 64

10.3 Ion Exchange Reactions, 73

10.4 Use of Fluxes, 78

10.5 Sol–Gel Synthesis, 81

10.6 Electrochemical Methods, 86

10.7 Hydrothermal, Solvothermal and Ionothermal Synthesis, 90

11 Nebulized Spray Pyrolysis 97

12 Chemical Vapour Deposition and Atomic Layer Deposition 103

13 Nanomaterials 107

13.1 Nanoparticles, 107

13.2 Core–Shell Nanocrystals, 116

13.3 Nanowires, 119

13.4 Inorganic Nanotubes, 133

13.5 Graphene-like Structures of Layered Inorganic Materials, 137

14 Materials 151

14.1 Metal Borides, Carbides and Nitrides, 151

14.2 Metal Chalcogenides, 157

14.3 Metal Halides, 162

14.4 Metal Silicides and Phosphides, 167

14.5 Intergrowth Structures and Misfit Compounds, 171

14.5.1 Intergrowth structures, 171

14.5.2 Misfit Compounds, 177

14.6 Intermetallic Compounds, 178

14.7 Superconducting Compounds, 182

14.8 Porous Materials, 191

14.8.1 Mesoporous Silica Materials, 191

14.8.2 Aluminophosphates, 194

14.8.3 Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs), 196

Index 201