Practical and conceptual, the Responsible Research and Innovation set of books contributes to the clarification of this new requirement for all sciences and technological innovation. It covers the multiple and international responsibilities, by using various philosophical resources, mostly discussing the following topics: ethics, contingency, normative economy, freedom, corporate social responsibility (CSR), participative technological evaluation, sustainable development, geoengineering, the precautionary principle, standards, interdisciplinarity, and climate management.
The ethics of efficiency must be considered with regard to the logic of action or to economic, political, legal or scientific systems.
This book presents a question on the central theme of responsible research and innovation (RRI), which has an ethical influence on effective logics. The issue is to question the opportunity and modularities of an ethical effective influence on the logics of efficiency of research and innovation.
From the distinction of efficiency and effectiveness, lies the problem of efficacy, the ethical accord between the two. Thus appears the possibility of taking effective responsibility with respect to systematic injustices potentially linked to this efficiency. This book proposes categories to understand the ethical implications of research and innovation processes, under the aspect of their efficacy.
Chapter 1 The Question of Justice in Logics of Expansion and Reductionist Efficiency 1
1.1 Problematic structure of the question 1
1.2 Its explicit scope 4
1.3 Further clarification 6
1.4 The typical content 10
1.5 Relational structure 21
Chapter 2 The Question of Justice in Stabilization Logics and Limitative Effectiveness 23
2.1 Problematic structure of the question 23
2.2 Its explicit scope 26
2.3 Further clarification 29
2.4 Its typical content 31
2.5 Overarching summary of the first two steps 35
Chapter 3 Reworking of the Effectiveness Concept 39
3.1 Need for such reworking 40
3.2 Development of the principle of this reworking 42
3.3 Corroboration of these overviews 56
3.4 A liberty other than subjective 56
3.5 Efficacy as integration of efficiency and effectiveness 59
Chapter 4 Practices of Efficiency 67
4.1 On a "between" the logics 69
4.2 Spheres and legitimacy (effectiveness and separation) 74
4.3 Neither "invisible hand" nor "cunning of reason" 77
4.4 The contingent partition and its score 80
4.5 Human rights: a continuous policy 87
4.6 Negative or positive freedom 95
4.7 Categories from here and elsewhere 97