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Evidence-Based Orthodontics

Evidence-Based Orthodontics

Greg J. Huang (Editor), Stephen Richmond (Editor), Katherine W. L. Vig (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-68848-9

Jul 2013, Wiley-Blackwell

348 pages


Evidence-Based Orthodontics satisfies the educational demands of orthodontics, which demands the integration of the best research evidence with the clinician’s expertise and the patient’s unique values and circumstances.

This land-mark text is the first to be devoted to the methodology, principles and practice of evidence-based practice in orthodontics. It aims to serve as a reference for those wishing to understand the principles of evidence-based practice including the foundation for clinical study design, epidemiology and the statistical inferences from data. The ability to define a search strategy from established databases and to identify relevant clinical and translational research in the scientific published literature requires a new approach in orthodontic education.  Evidence-Based Orthodontics provides a contemporary approach to those strategies in clinical orthodontic practice. The growing ability to translate critical appraisals of evidence into clinical practice and evaluate clinical evidence for its validity and potential usefulness requires an understanding of basic elements in epidemiology and biostatistics.

Evidence-Based Orthodontics provides its readers with a cogent, clear resource with which to navigate and understand this important subject area. It provides students and practitioners of orthodontics with an indispensible guide to this vital tenet of education, research, and clinical practice.


Foreword vii
Gordon Guyatt

Contributor List ix

Part 1 Principles 3

Chapter 1 A Historical Perspective of Evidence-Based Orthodontics 5
Katherine W.L. Vig

Chapter 2 Clinical Research Designs 15
Robert J. Weyant

Chapter 3 Electronic Searching for Clinical Trials Information 31
Anne Littlewood

Part 2 Selected Topics 47

Chapter 4 The Treatment of Class II Malocclusion—Have We the Evidence to Make Decisions? 49
Kevin O'Brien and Jonathan Sandler

Chapter 5 External Root Resorption and Orthodontic Treatment—Assessment of the Evidence 63
Belinda J. Weltman

Chapter 6 Malocclusion, Orthodontic Treatment, and Periodontal Health—An Assessment of the Evidence 89
Anne-Marie Bollen

Chapter 7 Stability of Anterior Open Bite Correction—An Assessment of the Evidence 97
Greg J. Huang and Geoffrey M. Greenlee

Chapter 8 Orthodontics and Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders 119
Friederike Luther and Fraser McDonald

Chapter 9 Self-Ligation 135
Padhraig S. Fleming

Chapter 10 Prevention of Demineralization During Orthodontic

Treatment with Fluoride-Containing Materials or Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate 149
Philip E. Benson

Chapter 11 Invisalign Therapy—A Systematic Review of Lower Quality Evidence 167
Jason M. Bressler, Stefanie Hamamoto, Gregory J. King, and Anne-Marie Bollen

Chapter 12 Retention 181
Simon J. Littlewood, Declan T. Millett, David R. Bearn, Bridget Doubleday, and Helen V. Worthington

Chapter 13 Quality of Outcome 191
Stephen Richmond and Alexei Zhurov

Chapter 14 Stability of Orthognathic Surgery 217
Donald R. Joondeph

Chapter 15 Orthodontic Treatment of the Transverse Dimension—Assessment of the Evidence 233
Steven D. Marshall

Chapter 16 Class III Malocclusion—The Evidence on Diagnosis and Treatment 247
Joseph G. Ghafari, Ramzi V. Haddad, and Maria E. Saadeh

Part 3 Evidence-Based Orthodontics in Perspective 281

Chapter 17 Evidence-Based Care in Context 283
William Shaw

Chapter 18 Playing Doctor: Evidence-Based Orthodontics 293
Lysle E. Johnston, Jr.

Chapter 19 Refl ections on a Decade of Evidence-Based Dentistry 301
David L. Turpin

Index 307

“The editors are to be congratulated for producing a highly readable text. This volume deserves a place in every dental library, on the reading list of every orthodontic training programme and in the hands of every neophyte orthodontist.”  (European Journal of Orthodontics, 20 September 2013)

  • Land-mark text surveys the principles and practice of evidence-based orthodontics
  • Covers clinical study design, epidemiology, and understanding of statistical data
  • Equips readers with critical apparatus for understanding orthodontic literature
  • Reviews the available evidence and studies in orthodontics
  • Clear and cogent approach to clarify this vital area of study, research, and practice