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Evolution of the Earth and Planets

Evolution of the Earth and Planets

E. Takahashi (Editor), R. Jeanloz (Editor), D. Rubie (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66669-2

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

159 pages

Select type: O-Book


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 74.

The past two decades have witnessed a revolution in our understanding of how planets evolve. Space exploration and observations on the Earth's interior, complemented by laboratory investigations and theoretical analyses, have led to entirely new concepts governing our science: giant late-stage impacts, magma oceans, dense primordial atmospheres, continental growth curves, mantle-core interactions, boundary-layer instabilities and the influence of tectonics on climate, among others.

It is the purpose of this book to illustrate the role these new concepts play in defining current thinking about the origin, growth and subsequent evolution of the Earth and planets. The topics range from cosmogony and comparative planetary tectonics to seismic tomography, mineral physics and geodynamics of the Earth's mantle. The articles, based on a Union Symposium at the 1991 IUGG General Assembly in Vienna, Austria, offer a unique blend of geophysics, geochemistry and planetary science. Theoretical, observational and laboratory studies are well represented, and the reader can obtain a broad overview of the state of the art in current research on the internal evolution of planets.

The editors wish to acknowledge contributions from the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI), the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI), the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), and NASA, which supported the Symposium and the production of this volume. More important, we thank our colleagues who helped prepare and review the articles: their expert advice and unselfish efforts were invaluable.

E. Takahashi, R. Jeanloz, D. Rubie ix

Helmut Moritz xi

1. Overview
Raymond Jeanloz

2. The Role of Jupiter in the Formation of Planets
V. N. Zharkov 7

3. High Pressure Phase Transitions in a Homogeneous Model Martian Mantle
Noriko Kamaya, Eiji Ohtani, Takumi Kato and Kosuke Onuma 19

4. Compositional Evolution of Venus
William M. Kaula 27

5. Thermal Evolution and Chemical Differentiation of the Terrestrial Magma Ocean
Yutaka Abe 41

6. Mantle Differentiation Through Continental Crust Growth and Recycling and the Thermal
Evolution of the Earth
Tilman Spohn and Doris Breuer 55

7. Ferric Iron in the Upper Mantle and in Transition Zone Assemblages: Implications for Relative
Oxygen Fugacities in the Mantle
H. St.C. O'Neill, D. C. Rubie, D. Canil, C. A. Geiger, C. R. Ross II, F. Seifert and A. B. Woodland 73

8. Constraints on the Large-Scale Structure of the Earth's Mantle
Robert L. Woodward, Alessandro M. Forte, Wei-jia Su, and Adam M. Dziewonski 89

9. Density and Elasticity of Model Upper Mantle Compositions and Their Implications for Whole
Mantle Structure
Joel Ita and Lars Stixrude 111

10. Thermodynamic Analysis of the System MgO-FeO-Si02 at High Pressure and the Structure of the
Lowermost Mantle
Lars Stixrude and M.S.T. Bukowinski 131

11. The History of Global Weathering and the Chemical Evolution of the Ocean-Atmosphere System
Louis M. Francois, James C. G. Walker and Bradley N. Opdyke 143