Skip to main content

Extractive Metallurgy 2: Metallurgical Reaction Processes

Extractive Metallurgy 2: Metallurgical Reaction Processes

Alain Vignes

ISBN: 978-1-118-61693-2

Mar 2013, Wiley-ISTE

347 pages

Description

The Extractive Metallurgy series is devoted to the extraction of metals from ores and other sources, their refining to the state of either liquid or solid metal, and the various processes needed to carry out these operations. Using the methodology of chemical reaction engineering, this second volume in the series examines on the metallurgical reaction processes used in the extraction and refining operations, covering pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, halide, and electro-metallurgical processes. It provides valuable information on the technologies and processes engineers encounter in industrial production.

Preface xi

Chapter 1. Hydrometallurgical Extraction Processes 1

1.1. Overview of hydrometallurgical processes 1

1.2. Leaching processes 2

1.3. Precipitation processes 39

1.4. Solvent extraction 55

1.5. Hydrometallurgical processing routes of ores, concentrates and residue (flowsheets) 62

1.6. Bibliography 81

Chapter 2. Electrometallurgical Extraction Processes 87

2.1. Overview of electrometallurgical processes 87

2.2. Electrolysis −?nbases 88

2.3. Aqueous electrolysis: bases 98

2.4. Electrowinning of copper 103

2.5. Electrowinning of nickel 108

2.6. Electrowinning of zinc 111

2.7. Electrorefining of lead 114

2.8. Electrorefining of tin 115

2.9. Cobalt electrowinning 115

2.10. Bibliography 115

Chapter 3. Halide Extraction Processes 117

3.1. Overview of the halide extraction processes 117

3.2. Chlorination processes 118

3.3. Reduction of halides 132

3.4. Bibliography 137

Chapter 4. Reduction of Metal Oxides 139

4.1. Introduction 139

4.2. Solid state oxide reduction by a gaseous reducing agent 148

4.3. Solid-state carbothermic reduction 168

4.4. Carbothermic smelting reduction 183

4.5. Smelting reduction by slag-metal reactions 195

4.6. Carbothermic reduction of silica and alumina 203

4.7. Metallothermic reductions 212

4.8. Bibliography 216

Chapter 5. Oxygen Steelmaking 221

5.1. Overview of steel converting and refining operations 221

5.2. Converting and refining reactions 222

5.3. Oxidation of hot metal elements by gaseous oxygen 226

5.4. “Slag-metal” reactions 232

5.5. Stainless steel making 245

5.6. Ultra-low carbon steel making 249

5.7. Bibliography 252

Chapter 6. Sulfide Extraction Processes 255

6.1. Introduction 255

6.2. Oxidation of sulfides (in the solid state) 258

6.3. Matte oxidation by gaseous oxygen 269

6.4. Reactions occurring in smelting and converting operations 274

6.5. Smelting reduction of a roasted concentrate and primary converting 284

6.6. Secondary converting of Cu2S, Ni3S2 and PbS mattes 285

6.7. Bibliography 291

Chapter 7. Metal Refining Processes 295

7.1. Introduction 295

7.2. Steel refining/secondary steelmaking 296

7.3. Aluminum refining 310

7.4. Copper refining 313

7.5. Lead refining 315

7.6. Tin refining 318

7.7. Zinc refining 318

7.8. Titanium and zirconium refining 319

7.9. Nickel refining 319

7.10. Bibliography 321

List of Symbols 325

Index 337

Summary of Other Volumes 349

"The books are addressed to students in the field of metallurgy and to engineers facing the problem of metal and alloy development." (World of Metallurgy, 2011)