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Family Violence: Explanations and Evidence-Based Clinical Practice

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Family Violence: Explanations and Evidence-Based Clinical Practice

David M. Lawson

ISBN: 978-1-119-02624-2 January 2015 344 Pages

Description

Counselors-in-training, educators, and clinicians will benefit greatly from this in-depth and thought-provoking look at family violence, its effects, and treatment options. This book examines the major issues and current controversies in the field, provides background information on each type of family violence, and offers strategies for combating domestic abuse. In an informative discussion designed to enhance counselors’ ability to assess and treat each type of family violence, Dr. Lawson covers both well recognized forms of maltreatment, such as the abuse of women and children, and less understood issues, such as female-on-male intimacy violence, parent and elder abuse, same-sex violence, and dating violence and stalking. Case studies throughout the text illustrate clinical applications in action, and recommended readings are provided for further study.

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Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

About the Author xv

Chapter 1 Introduction to Family Violence 1

Prevalence and Economic Cost of Family Violence 2

Defi ning Family Violence 3

Cultural Issues and Family Violence 6

Controversy in the Field of Family Violence 7

History of Family Violence 8

Summary 14

Suggested Readings 15

Chapter 2 Explanations and Models of Family Violence 17

Nested Ecological Model 17

Models of Family Violence

That Most Infl uence Treatment 19

Theory Convergence 25

Summary 28

Suggested Readings 28

Chapter 3 Culture, Family Violence, and Cultural Competence 31

Minority and Majority Groups 32

Culture: Group Differences 34

Cultural Competence and the Client's Local World 41

Historical Macrosystem Infl uences and Family Violence 42

Origins of Honor Cultures 44

Research 46

Cultural Protective Factors: Native Americans and West Africans 47

Religion and Family Violence 48

Summary of Cultural Considerations

in Treating Family Violence 50

Summary 51

Suggested Readings 52

Chapter 4 Male-on-Female Intimacy Violence: Descriptions, Consequences, and Counseling Implications 53

Sources of Male-on-Female Violence Data 53

Descriptions of Male Partner-Abusers 55

Abuser Typologies 56

Consequences of Male-on-Female Partner Violence 60

Treatment Implications for Male Partner-Abusers 66

Case Examples 67

Summary 69

Suggested Readings 69

Chapter 5 Female-on-Male Intimacy Violence: Descriptions, Consequences, and Counseling Implications 71

with Jeanette Madkins

Gender Symmetry Controversey 72

Feminist Criticism 72

Contextual Factors of Female-on-Male Intimacy Violence 74

Consequences of Female-on-Male Intimacy Violence 75

Comparisons Between Men and Women's Use of Violence 77

Why Do Abused Men Stay? 79

Case Example 80

Counseling Implications for

Female Intimate Partner Violence 81

Summary 85

Suggested Readings 85

Chapter 6 Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence 87

Case Example 88

Characteristics and Explanations of

Intimately Violent Same-Sex Couples 89

Similarities of Gay/Lesbian and Heterosexual Violence Predictors 91

Staying in Intimately Violent Same-Sex Relationships 93

Case Example 94

Traumatic Bonding 95

Counseling Implications 95

An Excerpt From a Focus Group of Service Providers 97

Summary 98

Suggested Readings 99

Chapter 7 Assessment of Intimate Violent Offenders 101

Research Related to Practice 101

Initial Interview Process 103

Assessment Instruments 110

Counseling Modalities 113

Summary 114

Suggested Readings 115

Chapter 8 Treatment for Intimate Violent Offenders 117

Cognitive–Behavioral/Feminist Counseling Models 117

Psychodynamic/Interpersonal Counseling Models 119

Group Treatment Modality 120

Couple Counseling 124

Individualized Treatment 128

Integrating Treatment Orientations 129

Treatment Effectiveness 132

Case Example 135

Summary 137

Suggested Readings 137

Chapter 9 Assessment and Treatment for Adult Victims of Intimacy Violence 139

Conceptual Models for Treatment 140

Case Example 142

Assessment 144

Assessment Instruments 148

Treatment 150

Stage 1 151

Stage 2 157

Stage 3 162

Summary 163

Suggested Readings 164

Chapter 10 Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking 165

Case Example 165

What Is Dating Violence and Sexual Assault? 166

Prevalence and Extent of Dating Violence

and Sexual Assault 167

Estimates of Dating Violence by Age Groups 167

Stalking 168

Gay and Lesbian Dating Violence and Sexual Assault 170

Race and Cultural Factors 170

Risk Markers and Predictors for Perpetration of Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking 171

Effects of Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking 172

Characteristics of Perpetrators and Victims 173

Treatment 175

Junior and High School Programs 175

Rape Prevention for Men 180

Treating Perpetrators 182

Summary 182

Suggested Readings 183

Chapter 11 Child Maltreatment 185

Defi ning Child Maltreatment 185

Guidelines for Identifying

Emotional Abuse of Children 189

Prevalence Rates of Child Maltreatment and Fatalities 190

Victim Characteristics 191

Perpetrator Characteristics 196

Internet Exploitation of Children 200

Explanation for Child Sexual Abuse 201

Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect 204

Summary 206

Suggested Readings 210

Chapter 12 Assessment and Treatment for Child Maltreatment 211

PTSD Risk Factors 212

Counseling Effectiveness 212

Empirically Supported Treatments 213

Effectiveness of Cognitive - Behavioral and Family Interventions 214

Creating a Context for Treatment 217

Counseling Process 220

Counseling Interventions 227

Stabilization 229

Process the Traumatic Experience 231

Cognitive Processing 234

Consolidation and Relationship Enhancement 235

Prevention 237

Case Example 239

Summary 241

Suggested Readings 241

Chapter 13 Elder Abuse 243

Case Examples 243

Extent of Elder Abuse 244

Characteristics of Abused Elders 248

Characteristics of Elder Abusers 249

Explanations for Elder Abuse 250

Elder Abuse in Long-Term Care Facilities 251

Consequences of Elder Maltreatment 253

Abuse of Caregivers 254

Interventions 254

Prevention 256

Summary 257

Suggested Readings 258

References 259

Index 327

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