The Scope of this book.
How to use this book.
The role of fieldwork in glaciology and glacial geomorphology.
The relationship between field glaciology and glaciological theory.
2. Conducting fieldwork.
Designing and planning field-based research.
Logistical preparations for fieldwork.
Fieldwork data .
Ice masses and ice facies: principles, definition and identification.
Sampling glacier ice.
Measuring bulk meltwater discharge: stage-discharge rating curves.
Sampling and analysing glacial meltwaters.
Automatedmeasurements by sensors and loggers.
5. Hot-water borehole drilling and borehole instrumentation.
Hot water drilling.
6. Ice radar.
Background and physical principles.
Ice radar equipment.
Radar data presentation.
Field radar surveys.
Field application and interpretation of ice radar.
7. Glacier mass balance and motion.
Surface energy budget.
Glacier motion and ice velocity.
8. Glacigenic sediments.
Introduction to field sedimentology.
Colour and organic content.
Particle morphology: the shape and roundness of sedimentary particles.
Field sampling techniques.
Fabric analysis: general considerations.
Clast microfabrics and microstructural description.
Interpreting the environment of deposition of sediments.
Presentation of sedimentological data.
9. Mapping glaciers and glacial landforms.
Aims of the mapping and the areal extent of the map.
Remotely sensed data.
Field surveying techniques.
Ground-penetrating radar and shallow seismic reflection investigations of sediment bodies.
Electrical resistivity surveys.
Aquatic (marine and lacustrine) geophysical techniques.
Mapping glacier structures (structural glaciology).
Final map compilation.
Mapping and measurement of landform change over time.
10. Monitoring and reconstructing glacier fluctuations.
Fieldwork mapping and historical documents.
Dating glacier fluctuations using “absolute age” (numerical-age) and “relative age” estimates.
Numerical-age dating techniques.
Relative-age dating techniques.
Dating glacier fluctuations – concluding remarks.
- First textbook to provide an overview of field techniques in glaciology and glacial geomorphology
- International case studies show each method in practice