DescriptionWith a turnover of some € 5-15 billion / year, additive manufacturing has industrial niche carriers with more optimized processes and materials. If certain niches still exist on the application of additive techniques in conventional fields (from jewelery to the food business for example), several trends emerge, using new concepts: collective production, realization of objects at once (without addition of material), microfluidics, 4D printing using programmable materials, bio-printing, etc. There are at the same time potential new markets, promises that were not consideed less than10 years ago, but difficulties to achieve them.
-4D Impression and programmable materials
- Alloys with shape memory
4D Applications and prospective vision
New 3D applicatives niches
-Microfluidic and 3DS impression
-a Reminder of Bio-Printing
-Broadening of interdisciplinary foundation: limits and even Scientific Blockages: is it possible to easily control the living?
-Scientific Leaders and National Positioning: Prospective Vision
Conclusions: Towards a 4D fabrication epistemology