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Fuel Cell Engines

Matthew M. Mench

ISBN: 978-0-470-20976-9 April 2008 528 Pages


The first fuel cell theory and application resource written for students and professionals.

With the field of fuel cells growing at a rapid pace, there is a powerful need for a single guide to the myriad disciplines related to the technology. Fuel Cell Engines provides a comprehensive and detailed introduction to the fundamental principles of fuel cell science so that a reader-whether professional or student-can gain a timeless understanding of the fundamentals that will remain relevant and useful even as the specific applications, materials, and designs change.

Offering an unbiased introduction to their fundamental concepts and applications, author Matthew Mench begins with a global perspective of the field and the practical significance of fuel cells and potential applications. He then takes you deeper into the fundamental principles, discussing:

Basic Electrochemical Principles

The Thermodynamics of Fuel Cells

Performance Characterization of Fuel Cells

Multiphase Heat and Mass Transport in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells

The Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell

Other Fuel Cells including Solid Oxide, Molten Carbonate, Phosphoric Acid, and Alkaline Based Systems

Methods of Hydrogen Storage, Generation, and Delivery

Experimental Diagnostics and Diagnosis of Fuel Cells

A rich assortment of tools assists your mastery of the elements, including:

Many solved examples that integrate the subtopics covered in each chapter

Chapter-end case studies that expand on the topics covered and go beyond the textbook into external resources available

Chapter-ending homework problems and exercises that are supported by a solutions manual

An associated Web site that provides teaching material for instructors based on the course structure developed at Penn State since 2002
Chapter 1. Introduction to Fuel Cells.

1.1 Preliminary Remarks.

1.2 Fuel Cells as Electrochemical Engines.

1.3 The Generic Fuel Cell and Stack.

1.4 Classification of Fuel Cells.

1.5 Potential Fuel Cell Applications and Markets.

1.6 History of Fuel Cell Development.

1.7 Summary.

Chapter 2. Basic Electrochemical Principles.

2.1 Electrochemical versus Chemical Reactions.

2.2 The Electrochemical Reaction.

2.3 Scientific Units, Constants, and Basic Laws.

2.4 Faraday?s Laws ? Consumption and Production of Specie.

2.5 Measures of Reactant Utilization Efficiency.

2.6 The Generic Fuel Cell.

2.7 Summary.

Chapter 3. Thermodynamics of Fuel Cell Systems.

3.1 The Physical Nature of the Thermodynamic Variables.

3.2 Heat of Formation, Sensible Enthalpy, and Latent Heat.

3.3 Determination of the Change in Enthalpy for Non-reacting Species and Mixtures.

3.4 Determination of the Change in Enthalpy for Reacting Species and Mixtures.

3.5 Psychrometrics- Thermodynamics of Moist Air Mixtures.

3.6 Thermodynamic Efficiency of a Fuel Cell.

3.7 Maximum Expected Open Circuit Voltage-The Nernst Voltage.

3.8 Summary.

Chapter 4. Performance Characterization of Fuel Cell Systems.

4.1 Polarization Curve.

4.2 Region I: Activation Polarization.

4.3 Region II: Ohmic Polarization.

4.4 Region III: Concentration Polarization.

4.5 Region IV: Other Polarization Losses.

4.6 Polarization Curve Model .

4.7 Summary.

Chapter 5. Transport in Fuel Cell Systems.

5.1 Ion Transport in the Electrolyte.

5.2 Electron Transport.

5.3 Gas-Phase Mass Transport.

5.4 Single-Phase Flow in Channels.

5.5 Multi-Phase Mass Transport in Channels and Porous Media.

5.6 Heat Generation and Transport.

5.7 Summary.

Chapter 6. The Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell .

6.1 The Hydrogen PEFC.

6.2 Water Balance in a H2 PEFC.

6.3 Flow Field Configurations and Stack Design.

6.4 Direct Alcohol Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells.

6.5 PEFC Degradation.

6.6 Multi-dimensional Effects.

6.7 Summary.

Chapter 7. Other Fuel Cells.

7.1 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells.

7.2 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells.

7.3 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells.

7.4 Alkaline Fuel Cells.

7.5 Biological and Microbial Fuel Cells.

7.6 Summary.

Chapter 8. Hydrogen Storage, Generation, and Delivery.

8.1 Modes of Storage.

8.2 Modes of Generation.

8.3 Hydrogen Delivery .

8.4 Summary.

Chapter 9. Experimental Diagnostics and Diagnosis.

9.1 Methods to Delineate Polarization Curve Losses.

9.2 Physical Probes and Visualization.

9.3 Degradation Measurements.

9.4 Summary.

Appendix. Tables, Figures, and Charts.

Index to Tables, Figures, and Charts.

Index to Textbook.

  • The first textbook written on the subject of fuel cells for use by both students and practitioners
  • Chapter-end cases act as in-depth worked examples that integrate many of the subtopics covered in each chapter
  • Problems and exercises will be supported by a solutions manual
  • An associated website will cover the teaching of the material for instructors and provide students with real-world cases and examples from industry