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Functional Fillers for Plastics, 2nd Edition, Updated and Enlarged

Functional Fillers for Plastics, 2nd Edition, Updated and Enlarged

Marino Xanthos (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-32361-6

Apr 2010

531 pages

In Stock

$261.00

Description

A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the major mineral and organic fillers for plastics, their production, structure and properties, as well as their applications in terms of primary and secondary functions. Edited and co-authored by Professor Marino Xanthos with contributions by international experts from industry and academia, this book presents methods of mixing/incorporation technologies, surface treatments and modifications for enhanced functionality, an analysis of parameters affecting filler performance and a presentation of current and emerging applications. Additionally, the novel classification according to modification of specific polymer properties rather than filler chemical composition provides a better understanding of the relationships between processing, structure and properties of products containing functional fillers and the identification of new markets and applications.
For engineers, scientists and technologists involved in the important sector of polymer composites.

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Preface
PART ONE: Polymers and Fillers

POLYMERS AND POLYMER COMPOSITES
Thermoplastics and Thermosets
Processing of Thermoplastics and Thermosets
Polymer Composites
MODIFICATION OF POLYMER PROPERTIES WITH FUNCTIONAL FILLERS
Introduction
The Importance of the Interface
Modification of Mechanical Properties
Effects of Fillers on Processing Characteristics of Polymers
MIXING OF FILLERS WITH PLASTICS
Introduction
Pretreatment of Fillers
Feeding
Melting
Solids Introduction and Mixing
Venting
Pressure Generation
Process Examples
Further Information

PART TWO: Surface Modifiers and Coupling Agents

SILANE COUPLING AGENTS
Introduction
Production and Structures of Monomeric Silanes
Silane Chemistry
Types of Silanes
Silane Hydrolysis
Reactivity of Silanes Toward the Filler
Combining Silanes and Mineral Fillers
Insights into the Silylated Filler Surfaces
Selection of Silanes
Applications of Specific Silanes
Trends and Developments
TITANATE COUPLING AGENTS
Introduction
The Six Functions of the Titanate Molecule
Summary and Conclusions
FUNCTIONAL POLYMERS AND OTHER MODIFIERS
Introduction
General Types of Modifiers and Their Principal Effects
Modifiers by Chemical Type

PART THREE: Fillers and Their Functions
A -
High Aspect Ratio Fillers

GLASS FIBERS
Background
Production Methods
Structure and Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications
Environmental Impact
MIKA FLAKES
Background
Production Methods
Structure and Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications
NANOCLAYS AND THEIR EMERGING MARKETS
Introduction
Production Methods
Structure and Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications
CARBON NANOTUBES/NANOFIBERS AND CARBON FIBERS
Introduction
Materials
Polymer Matrix Composites
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications

B -
Low Aspect Ratio Fillers

NATURAL FIBERS
Introduction
Structure and Production Methods
Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications (Primary and Secondary Functions)
TALC
Production Methods
Structure and Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications
KAOLIN
Introduction
Production Methods
Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications
WOLLASTONITE
Introduction
Production
Structure and Properties
Suppliers/Cost
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications Involving the Plastics Compounding Industry
Summary
Future Considerations for Use of Wollastonite in Plastics
WOOD FLOUR
Introduction
Production Methods
Structure and Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications (Primary and Secondary Functions)
CALCIUM CARBONATE
Background
Production Methods
Structure and Properties
Suppliers
Cost/Availability
Environmental, Toxicity, and Sustainability Considerations
Applications

C -
Specialty Fillers

FIRE RETARDANTS
Introduction
Combustion of Polymers and the Combustion Cycle
Fuel
Smoke
Flammability of Polymers
Mechanisms of Fire-Retardant Action
Classification of Flame Retardants
Tools and Testing
Toxicity
Manufacturers of Fire Retardants
Concluding Remarks
CONDUCTIVE AND MAGNETIC FILLERS
Introduction
Carbon Black
Phenomena of Conductivity in Carbon Black-Filled Polymers
Distribution and Dispersion of Carbon Black in Polymers
Other Carbon-Based Conductive Fillers
Intrinsically Conductive Polymers (ICPs)
Metal Particle Composites
Magnetic Fillers
Concluding Remarks
Appendix: Measurement of Resistivity
SURFACE PROPERTY MODIFIERS
Introduction
Solid Lubricants/Tribological Additives
Antiblocking Fillers
PROCESSING AIDS
Introduction
Production
Structure/Properties
Suppliers/Manufacturers
Environmental/Toxicity Considerations
Applications
SPHERICAL FILLERS
Organic Spherical Fillers
Glass and Ceramic Spheres
BIOACTIVE FILLERS
Introduction
Bone as a Biocomposite
Synthetic Biomedical Composites and Their Bioactivity
Bioceramics as Functional Fillers
Modification of Bioceramic Fillers
Fillers Formed In Situ
Recent Developments -
Nanostructured Bioactive Fillers
Concluding Remarks
POLYHEDRAL OLILGOMERIC SILSEQUIOXANES
Introduction
Production
Structure and Properties
Suppliers/Cost
Environmental/Safety Considerations
Functions
IN SITU-GENERATED FILLERS: BICONTINUOUS PHASE NANOCOMPOSITES
Introduction
Methodology for the Production of Bicontinuous Nanocomposites
General Properties of Bicontinuous Phase Nanocomposites
Potential Applications of Bicontinuous Nanocomposites
"...this is a book that I can recommend: it offers an excellent balance of polymer chemistry and materials engineering. Having already made use of the information contained within, I can attest to its utility and recommend it highly."
Advanced Materials