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Functional Polymer Films, 2 Volume Set

Functional Polymer Films, 2 Volume Set

Wolfgang Knoll (Editor), Rigoberto C. Advincula (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-63849-9 February 2013 1128 Pages

 E-Book

$436.99

Description

Very thin film materials have emerged as a highly interesting and useful quasi 2D-state functionality. They have given rise to numerous applications ranging from protective and smart coatings to electronics, sensors and display technology as well as serving biological, analytical and medical purposes. The tailoring of polymer film properties and functions has become a major research field.
As opposed to the traditional treatise on polymer and resin-based coatings, this one-stop reference is the first to give readers a comprehensive view of the latest macromolecular and supramolecular film-based nanotechnology. Bringing together all the important facets and state-of-the-art research, the two well-structured volumes cover film assembly and depostion, functionality and patterning, and analysis and characterization. The result is an in-depth understanding of the phenomena, ordering, scale effects, fabrication, and analysis of polymer ultrathin films.
This book will be a valuable addition for Materials Scientists, Polymer Chemists, Surface Scientists, Bioengineers, Coatings Specialists, Chemical Engineers, and Scientists working in this important research field and industry.
Volume 1: Preparation and Patterning

PART I: Preparation

A PERSPECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC AND POLYMER ULTRATHIN FILMS: DEPOSITION, NANOSTRUCTURING, BIOLOGICAL FUNCTION, AND SURFACE ANALYTICAL METHODS
MULTIFUNCTIONAL LAYER-BY-LAYER ARCHITECTURES FOR BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Drug Delivery and LbL
Interaction of Cells with LbL Films: Adhesion, Proliferation, Stimulation, and Differentiation
Plasmid DNA (pDNA)-Based Gene Therapy and LbL Films
Exotic Applications of LbL Inspired by Biology
THE LAYER-BY-LAYER ASSEMBLIES OF POLYELECTROLYTES AND NANOMATERIALS AS FILMS AND PARTICLE COATINGS
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Self-Assembly Technique
The Properties of Polyelectrolytes
Adsorption of Polyelectrolytes
Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Formation on Flat Surfaces
Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Formation on Colloidal Particles
Applications of Layer-by-Layer Films and Particles
Advincula Group Research on Layer-by-Layer Films and Particle Coatings
LANGMUIR-BLODGETT-KUHN ULTILAYER ASSEMBLIES: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF THE LB TECHNOLOGY
Introduction
Historical Background
Basic Procedures and Characterization Methods
Types of Materials Used in Producing LB Films
Trends in Research Activity on LB Films
Highlights of Research in LB Films
Concluding Remarks
SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS: THE DEVELOPMENT OF FUNCTIONAL NANOSCALE FILMS
Introduction
Historical Background for Monolayer Films
Self-Assembled Monolayer (SAM) Fundamentals
SAM Phenomena
Manipulation of Adsorbate Structure
Conclusions
POLYELECTROLYTE BRUSHES: TWENTY YEARS AFTER
Introduction -
Scope of the Review
Definitions
How to Make Polyelectrolyte Brushes?
Simple Observations and Theoretical Concepts
Beyond Simplicity
Toward the Application of Polyelectrolyte Brushes
Conclusion
PREPARATION OF POLYMER BRUSHES USING "GRAFTING-FROM" TECHNIQUES
Introduction to Polymer Brushes and Their Formation
Methods for Synthesis of Polymer Brushes
Surface-Initiated ATRP
Summary
ULTRATHIN FUNCTIONAL POLYMER FILMS USING PLASMA-ASSISTED DEPOSITION
Introduction
Choice of Precursors
Polymerization Mechanisms and Chemical Structure
Properties of Ultrathin Functional Plasma Polymers
Summary
PREPARATION OF POLYMER THIN FILMS BY PHYSICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION
Introduction
Overview of PVD of Polymers
Direct Evaporation of Polymers
Stepwise Polymerization by Coevaporation of Bifunctional Monomers
Radical Polymerization of Vinyl Monomers
Surface-Initiated Vapor-Deposition Polymerization
Conclusions
ELECTRO-OPTICAL APPLICATIONS OF CONJUGATED POLYMER THIN FILMS
Introduction
Properties of Organic Semiconductors and Conjugated Polymers
Synthetic Methods
Characterization Methods
Device Fabrication
Concluding Remarks
ULTRATHIN FILMS OF CONJUGATED POLYMER NETWORKS: A PRECURSOR POLYMER APPROACH TOWARD ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICES, SENSORS, AND NANOPATTERNING
Introduction
Materials and Examples
Conclusions

PART II: Patterning

NANOPATTERNING ND FUNCTIONALITY OF BLOCK-COPOLYMER THIN FILMS
Introduction
Nanoscale Patterning with BCPs
Functionality of BCP Thin Films
Summary and Outlook
PATTERNING BY PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY
Introduction
Deep-UV Lithography
193-nm Lithography
157-nm Lithography
193-nm Immersion Lithography
Next-Generation Lithographic Technology
Summary
NANOPATTERNING OF POLYMER BRUSH THIN FILMS BY ELECTRON-BEAM LITHOGRAPHY AND SCANNING PROBE LITHOGRAPHY
Introduction
Electron-Beam Lithography
Scanning Probe Lithography
Conclusions
DIRECT PATTERNING FOR ACTIVE POLYMERS
Introduction
Direct Photopatterning by Photocross-Linking
Direct Photopatterning by Photo-Oxidation
Direct Patterning by Photoinduced Acidification
Reversible Patterning
Conclusion
NANOPATTERNING OF PHOTOSENSITIVE POLYMER FILMS
Introduction
Nanofabrication by a Tightly Focused Laser Beam
Near-Field Nanofabrication beyond the Diffraction Limit of Light
Two-Photon Patterning
Conclusion

Volume 2: Characterization and Application

PART III: Characterization

DYNAMICS OF THERMOMECHANICS OF POLYMER FILMS
Introduction
Experimental Techniques
Dynamics
Thermomechanical Properties
Conclusion and Outlook
INVESTIGATIONS OF SOFT ORGANIC FILMS WITH ELLIPSOMETRY
Introduction
Modeling
Multiple-Angle Ellipsometry and Total Internal Reflection Ellipsometry
Fourier-Transform Ellipsometry
Comparison of Optical and Acoustic Reflectometry
Summary and Conclusions
SWELLING BEHAVIOR OF THIN HYDROGEL COATINGS
Introduction
Fabrication of Surface-Attached Networks and Characterization Techniques
Thermodynamics of Confined Hydrogels
Thermodynamics of Confined, Responsive Hydrogels
Swelling-Induced Surface Instabilities in Confined Hydrogels
Summary and Concluding Remarks
SCATTERING TECHNIQUES FOR THIN POLYMER FILMS
Introduction
Structure of Polymer/Polymer Interfaces Revealed by Reflectivity
Block Copolymer Thin Films Measured with Grazing-Incidence Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering
Thin Films of Organic Semiconductors Measured with X-Ray Scattering
Transmission X-Ray Scattering
Summary
NANOSTRUCTURED OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES FOR THIN-FILM CHARACTERIZATION
Introduction
Experimental Techniques
Theoretical Descriptions
Cylindrical Nanostructures as Optical Waveguides
Isotropic Mesoporous Waveguides
Nanostructured Nanorod Arrays by Templating Strategies
Conclusions
ELECTROCHEMICAL SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE METHODS FOR POLYMER THIN FILMS
Introduction
Electrochemical Surface Plasmon Spectroscopy
Evaluation of Polymer Thin Films by EC-SPR
Electrochemical SPR-SPPL
Electrochemical SPR Microscopy
Simultaneous Electrochemical-Atomic Force Microscopy-SPR
Application to Bio/Chemical Sensors
EC-SPR Method -
Grating-Coupling Surface Plasmon Excitation
Combination of Electrochemical-Quartz Crystal Microbalance
Electrochemical SPR under High Pressure
Conclusions
CHARACTERIZATION OF MOLECULARLY THIN POLYMER LAYERS WITH THE SURFACE FORCES APPARATUS (SFA)
Introduction: Polymer Layers Adsorbed on and Confined between Solid Surfaces
Force Measurements with the Surface Forces Apparatus (SFA)
Forces in Systems with Adsorbing or Nonadsorbing Homopolymer
Forces in Systems with End-Adsorbed Polymer
Interactions between Dry Polymer Layers: Adhesion
Importance of Polymer Interactions for Applications
BIOMIMETIC THIN FILMS AS A QCM-D SENSOR PLATFORM TO DETECT MACROMOLECULAR INTERACTIONS
Introduction
Brief Overview of Quartz Crystals
QCM Methodologies: Steady-State versus Transient Behavior
Q CM-D Analysis of Biomimetic Thin Films: Assembly and Applications
Conclusion
ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY (EIS)
Basic Principles
Polymer Films
Stratified Films
CHARACTERIZATION OF RESPONSIVE POLYMER BRUSHES AT SOLID7LIQUID INTERFACES BY ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY
Introduction
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy -
Basic Principles
Electrochemistry as a Tool to Characterize Thin Polymer Films
Probing the Responsive Properties of Polymer Brushes through EIS Measurements
Molecular Transport within Polymer Brushes Studies by EIS
Time-Resolved EIS Measurements on Responsive Polymer Brushes
Concluding Remarks
X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY OF ULTRATHIN ORGANIC FILMS
Introduction
Binding Energy
Angle-Resolved XPS
Photodegradation of Organic Films
Conclusions

PART IV: Applications

SELF-ASSEMBLED MULTIFUNCTIONAL POLYMERS FOR BIOINTERFACES
Introduction
Immobilization and Conformation of Polymers at Biointerfaces
Surface Strategies for Bio-Oriented Applications
Summary and Outlook
FABRICATION, PROPERTIES, AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF NANOSHEETS
Introduction
Nanosheets of Micrometer Size as Platelet Substitutes
Giant Nanosheets as Nanoadhesive Plasters
Surgical Applications of Nanoadhesive Plasters
Nanosheets for the Next Generation
Concluding Remarks
HYBRID MULTILAYER FILMS CONTAINING NANO-OBJECTS
Introduction
Preparation Methods for Hybrid Multilayer Films
Building-Block Materials for Hybrid Multilayer Films
Conclusion
LIGHT-DIRECTED SMART RESPONSES IN AZOBENZENE-CONTAINING LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE POLYMER THIN FILMS
Introduction
Photoalignment of Molecular Aggregates (Nanoscale Regions)
Block-Copolymer Microphase Separation (MPS) Structure (Mesoscale Region)
Surface-Relief Formation (Microscale Regions)
Summary
THIN-FILM APPLICATIONS OF ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS
Introduction
Applications
Conclusions and Future Outlook
HYBRID NANOMATERIALS IN ULTRATHIN FILMS: THE SOL-GEL METHOD AND PI-CONJUGATED POLYMERS
Why Hybrid Nanomaterials and Thin Films?
How to Fabricate Hybrid, Layered, Thin-Film Nanomaterials
Hybrid Nanomaterials: More than Just "Clay" and "Plastic"
Sol-Gel Chemistry for Nanostructuring
Conducting Polymers for Nanostructuring
Hybrid Inorganic-Oxide-Polymer Materials: The State-of-the-Art
Summary

“Engineering students would find this book a good companion guide for a class in electromagnetics.”  (IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, 1 May 2013)

"A curious mind will always come out with a fresh new insight and an inspiration to learn, understand, and even invent. This book is dedicated to such an individual." (Current Engineering Practice, 2011)