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Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 7th Edition

Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 7th Edition

Michael J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro, Daisie D. Boettner, Margaret B. Bailey

ISBN: 978-0-470-49590-2

Dec 2010

1024 pages


Now in a Seventh Edition, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics continues to set the standard for teaching readers how to be effective problem solvers, emphasizing the authors’ signature methodologies that have taught over a half million students worldwide. This new edition provides a student-friendly approach that emphasizes the relevance of thermodynamics principles to some of the most critical issues of today and coming decades, including a wealth of integrated coverage of energy and the environment, biomedical/bioengineering, as well as emerging technologies. Visualization skills are developed and basic principles demonstrated through a complete set of animations that have been interwoven throughout. This edition also introduces co-authors Daisie Boettner and Margaret Bailey, who bring their rich backgrounds of success in teaching and research in thermodynamics to the text.

Related Resources

1 Getting Started: Introductory Concepts and Definitions.

1.1 Using Thermodynamics.

1.2 Defi ning Systems.

1.3 Describing Systems and Their Behavior.

1.4 Measuring Mass, Length, Time, and Force.

1.5 Specifi c Volume.

1.6 Pressure.

1.7 Temperature.

1.8 Engineering Design and Analysis.

1.9 Methodology for Solving Thermodynamics Problems.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

2 Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics.

2.1 Reviewing Mechanical Concepts of Energy.

2.2 Broadening Our Understanding of Work.

2.3 Broadening Our Understanding of Energy.

2.4 Energy Transfer by Heat.

2.5 Energy Accounting: Energy Balance for Closed Systems.

2.6 Energy Analysis of Cycles.

2.7 Energy Storage.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

3 Evaluating Properties.

3.1 Getting Started.

3.2 p–y–T Relation.

3.3 Studying Phase Change.

3.4 Retrieving Thermodynamic Properties.

3.5 Evaluating Pressure, Specifi c Volume, and Temperature.

3.6 Evaluating Specifi c Internal Energy and Enthalpy.

3.7 Evaluating Properties Using Computer Software.

3.8 Applying the Energy Balance Using Property Tables and Software.

3.9 Introducing Specifi c Heats cy and cp.

3.10 Evaluating Properties of Liquids and Solids.

3.11 Generalized Compressibility Chart.

3.12 Introducing the Ideal Gas Model.

3.13 Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Specific Heats of Ideal Gases.

3.14 Applying the Energy Balance Using Ideal Gas Tables, Constant Specifi c Heats, and Software.

3.15 Polytropic Process Relations.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

4 Control Volume Analysis Using Energy.

4.1 Conservation of Mass for a Control Volume.

4.2 Forms of the Mass Rate Balance.

4.3 Applications of the Mass Rate Balance.

4.4 Conservation of Energy for a Control Volume.

4.5 Analyzing Control Volumes at Steady State.

4.6 Nozzles and Diffusers.

4.7 Turbines.

4.8 Compressors and Pumps.

4.9 Heat Exchangers.

4.10 Throttling Devices.

4.11 System Integration.

4.12 Transient Analysis.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics.

5.1 Introducing the Second Law.

5.2 Statements of the Second Law.

5.3 Irreversible and Reversible Processes.

5.4 Interpreting the Kelvin–Planck Statement.

5.5 Applying the Second Law to Thermodynamic Cycles.

5.6 Second Law Aspects of Power Cycles Interacting with Two Reservoirs.

5.7 Second Law Aspects of Refrigeration and Heat Pump Cycles Interacting with Two Reservoirs.

5.8 The Kelvin and International Temperature Scales.

5.9 Maximum Performance Measures for Cycles Operating Between Two Reservoirs.

5.10 Carnot Cycle.

5.11 Clausius Inequality.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

6 Using Entropy.

6.1 Entropy–A System Property.

6.2 Retrieving Entropy Data.

6.3 Introducing the T dS Equations.

6.4 Entropy Change of an Incompressible Substance.

6.5 Entropy Change of an Ideal Gas.

6.6 Entropy Change in Internally Reversible Processes of Closed Systems.

6.7 Entropy Balance for Closed Systems.

6.8 Directionality of Processes.

6.9 Entropy Rate Balance for Control Volumes.

6.10 Rate Balances for Control Volumes at Steady State.

6.11 Isentropic Processes.

6.12 Isentropic Effi ciencies of Turbines, Nozzles, Compressors, and Pumps.

6.13 Heat Transfer and Work in Internally Reversible, Steady-State Flow Processes.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

7 Exergy Analysis.

7.1 Introducing Exergy.

7.2 Conceptualizing Exergy.

7.3 Exergy of a System.

7.4 Closed System Exergy Balance.

7.5 Exergy Rate Balance for Control Volumes at Steady State.

7.6 Exergetic (Second Law) Efficiency.

7.7 Thermoeconomics.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

8 Vapor Power Systems.

Introducing Power Generation.

Considering Vapor Power Systems.

8.1 Introducing Vapor Power Plants.

8.2 The Rankine Cycle.

8.3 Improving Performance—Superheat, Reheat, and Supercritical.

8.4 Improving Performance— Regenerative Vapor Power Cycle.

8.5 Other Vapor Power Cycle Aspects.

8.6 Case Study: Exergy Accounting of a Vapor Power Plant.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

9 Gas Power Systems.

Considering Internal Combustion Engines.

9.1 Introducing Engine Terminology.

9.2 Air-Standard Otto Cycle.

9.3 Air-Standard Diesel Cycle.

9.4 Air-Standard Dual Cycle.

Considering Gas Turbine Power Plants.

9.5 Modeling Gas Turbine Power Plants.

9.6 Air-Standard Brayton Cycle.

9.7 Regenerative Gas Turbines.

9.8 Regenerative Gas Turbines with Reheat and Intercooling.

9.9 Gas Turbine–Based Combined Cycles.

9.10 Integrated Gasifi cation Combined-Cycle Power Plants.

9.11 Gas Turbines for Aircraft Propulsion.

9.12 Compressible Flow Preliminaries.

9.13 Analyzing One-Dimensional Steady Flow in Nozzles and Diffusers.

9.14 Flow in Nozzles and Diffusers of Ideal Gases with Constant Specific Heats.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

10 Refrigeration and Heat Pump Systems.

10.1 Vapor Refrigeration Systems.

10.2 Analyzing Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Systems.

10.3 Selecting Refrigerants.

10.4 Other Vapor-Compression Applications.

10.5 Absorption Refrigeration.

10.6 Heat Pump Systems.

10.7 Gas Refrigeration Systems.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

11 Thermodynamic Relations.

11.1 Using Equations of State.

11.2 Important Mathematical Relations.

11.3 Developing Property Relations.

11.4 Evaluating Changes in Entropy, Internal Energy, and Enthalpy.

11.5 Other Thermodynamic Relations.

11.6 Constructing Tables of Thermodynamic Properties.

11.7 Generalized Charts for Enthalpy and Entropy.

11.8 p–y–T Relations for Gas Mixtures.

11.9 Analyzing Multicomponent Systems.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

12 Ideal Gas Mixture and Psychrometric Applications.

Ideal Gas Mixtures: General Considerations.

12.1 Describing Mixture Composition.

12.2 Relating p, V, and T for Ideal Gas Mixtures.

12.3 Evaluating U, H, S, and Specific Heats.

12.4 Analyzing Systems Involving Mixtures.

12.5 Introducing Psychrometric Principles.

12.6 Psychrometers: Measuring the Wet-Bulb and Dry-Bulb Temperatures.

12.7 Psychrometric Charts.

12.8 Analyzing Air-Conditioning Processes.

12.9 Cooling Towers.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

13 Reacting Mixtures and Combustion.

Combustion Fundamentals.

13.1 Introducing Combustion.

13.2 Conservation of Energy— Reacting Systems.

13.3 Determining the Adiabatic Flame Temperature.

13.4 Fuel Cells.

13.5 Absolute Entropy and the Third Law of Thermodynamics.

13.6 Conceptualizing Chemical Exergy.

13.7 Standard Chemical Exergy.

13.8 Applying Total Exergy.

Chapter Summary and Study Guide.

14 Chemical and Phase Equilibrium.

Equilibrium Fundamentals.

14.1 Introducing Equilibrium Criteria.

14.2 Equation of Reaction Equilibrium.

14.2.1 Introductory Case 853

14.2.2 General Case 854

14.3 Calculating Equilibrium Compositions 855

14.4 Further Examples of the Use of the Equilibrium Constant.

14.5 Equilibrium between Two Phases of a Pure Substance.

14.6 Equilibrium of Multicomponent, Multiphase Systems.

Appendix Tables, Figures, and Charts.

Index to Tables in SI Units.

Index to Tables in English Units.

Index to Figures and Charts.


Answers to Selected Problems: Visit the student companion site at

  • Modern and forward-thinking real world applications.
  • An increased emphasis on how thermodynamics principles are related to some of the most important issues of today and the coming decade around energy resource use and environmental engineering.
  • Integrated coverage of contemporary applications for thermodynamics in the fields of biomedicine and bioengineering.
  • New animation-based demonstrations reinforce the concepts in real-world situations.
  • Two new coauthors, Daisie Boettner and Margaret Bailey, bring their rich backgrounds of success in teaching and research in thermodynamics to the text.
  • Emphasis on energy storage, an area of explosive growth, integrated throughout, including a new introductory section (sec. 2.7), feature on thermal energy storage (chap. 3), followed by a section on energy storage coverage of pumped energy by hydro and compressed storage (sec. 4.8).
  • New coverage of the configuration of power plants (chap. 8).
  • A wealth of new and revised homework problems (approximately 30%), refreshing the extensive selection of problems in every chapter, organized to help students develop engineering skills in three modes: conceptual, skill building, and design/open ended problems.
  • Focus on design concepts, which are interwoven through the book along with a set of newly revised and augmented questions on design and open-ended issues that are part of each set of end of chapter problems.
  • Strong pedagogical structure to enhance student learning, starting each chapter with learning outcomes followed by both in-text and formal examples, then a self-quiz for immediate feedback on understanding. Each chapter ends with a chapter summary to review the topics and prepare for examinations.
  • Flexible coverage of application areas in chapters 8-14, including power and refrigeration cycles, psychrometrics, and combustion. Instructors can choose various levels of coverage ranging from short introductions to in-depth studies.
  • Class-tested and proven approaches on key thermodynamics concepts, including: the second law of thermodynamics, featuring the entropy balance (Chap. 6) and exergy analysis (Chaps. 7 and 13).
  • Integrates the use of computational software tools to enhance problem-solving and to deepen learning by indicating which end of chapter problems are appropriate for these methods.
  • Encourages flexibility in the use of units through support for either an SI or mixed SI/English presentation of the course, as well as an emphasis on the systematic application of unit conversion factors.