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Fundamentals of Network Planning and Optimisation 2G/3G/4G: Evolution to 5G, 2nd Edition

Fundamentals of Network Planning and Optimisation 2G/3G/4G: Evolution to 5G, 2nd Edition

Ajay R. Mishra

ISBN: 978-1-119-33171-1

Oct 2018

440 pages

Description

Updated new edition covering all aspects of network planning and optimization 

This welcome new edition provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of network planning in all the technologies, from 2G to 5G, in radio, transmission and core aspects. Written by leading experts in the field, it serves as a handbook for anyone engaged in the study, design, deployment and business of cellular networks. It increases basic understanding of the currently deployed, and emerging, technologies, and helps to make evolution plans for future networks. The book also provides an overview of the forthcoming technologies that are expected to make an impact in the future, such as 5G.

Fundamentals of Cellular Network Planning and Optimization, Second Edition encompasses all the technologies as well as the planning and implementation details that go with them. It covers 2G (GSM, EGPRS), 3G (WCDMA) and 4G (LTE) networks and introduces 5G. The book also looks at all the sub-systems of the network, focusing on both the practical and theoretical issues.

  • Provides comprehensive coverage of the planning aspects of the full range of today's mobile network systems, covering radio access network, circuit and packet switching, signaling, control, and backhaul/Core transmission networks
  • New elements in book include HSPA, Ethernet, 4G/LTE and 5G
  • Covers areas such as Virtualization, IoT, Artificial Intelligence, Spectrum Management and Cloud

By bringing all these concepts under one cover, Fundamentals of Cellular Network Planning and Optimization becomes essential reading for network design engineers working with cellular service vendors or operators, experts/scientists working on end-to-end issues, and undergraduate/post-graduate students.

Foreword by Aruna Sundararajan xix

Foreword by Rainer Deutschmann xxi

Preface xxiii

Acknowledgements xxv

List of Abbreviations xxvii

1 Overview of Mobile Networks 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Mobile Network Evolution 2

1.3 Information Theory 4

1.4 Second‐generation Mobile Network 8

1.5 Third‐generation Mobile Networks 13

1.6 Fourth‐generation Mobile Networks 17

1.7 Fifth‐generation Networks 19

1.8 Supporting Technologies 20

Part I: 2G GSM and EGPRS Network Planning and Optimisation 27

2 Radio Network Planning and Optimisation 29

2.1 Basics of Radio Network Planning 29

2.2 Radio Network Planning Process 32

2.3 Radio Network Pre‐planning 38

2.4 Radio Network Detailed Planning 40

2.5 Basics of Radio Network Optimisation 59

2.6 GPRS Network Planning and Optimisation 66

2.7 Network Planning in a GPRS Network 71

2.8 GPRS Detailed Radio Network Planning 74

2.9 GPRS Radio Network Optimisation 76

2.10 EDGE Network Planning and Optimisation 77

2.11 EDGE Radio Network Planning Process 78

2.12 Radio Network Planning Process 80

2.13 EDGE Radio Network Optimisation 84

2.14 Conclusions 86

3 Transmission Network Planning and Optimisation 87

3.1 Basics of Transmission Network Planning 87

3.2 Transmission Network Planning Process 89

3.3 Transmission Pre‐planning 90

3.4 Detailed Transmission Network Planning 107

3.5 Transmission Network Optimisation 117

3.6 GPRS Transmission Network Planning and Optimisation 123

3.7 EDGE Transmission Network Planning 123

4 Core Network Planning and Optimisation 133

4.1 Basics of Core Network Planning 133

4.2 Core Network Planning Process 134

4.3 Basics of Signalling 140

4.4 Intelligent Network (IN) 141

4.5 Failure Analysis and Protection 142

4.6 Detailed Planning 144

4.7 Core Network Optimisation 145

4.8 GPRS Core Network Planning 149

4.9 EDGE Core Network Planning 154

Part II: 3G UMTS Network Planning and Optimisation 155

5 3G Radio Network Planning and Optimisation 157

5.1 Basics of Radio Network Planning 157

5.2 Radio Interface Protocol Architecture 161

5.3 Spreading Phenomenon 164

5.4 Multipath Propagation 166

5.5 Radio Network Planning Process 167

5.6 Detailed Planning 178

5.7 High Speed Packet Access 181

5.8 WCDMA Radio Network Optimisation 186

6 3G Transmission Network Planning and Optimisation 195

6.1 Basics of 3G (WCDMA) Transmission Network Planning 195

6.2 Transmission Network Planning Process 198

6.3 Asynchronous Transfer Mode 198

6.4 Dimensioning 203

6.5 Microwave Link Planning 206

6.6 Detailed Planning 208

6.7 Ethernet Radio 215

6.8 3G WCDMA Transmission Network Optimisation 217

7 3G Core Network Planning and Optimisation 223

7.1 Basics of Core Network Planning 223

7.2 Core Network Planning Process 224

7.3 Detailed Network Planning 228

7.4 Core Network Optimisation 232

7.5 End‐to‐End Quality of Service 233

Part III: 4G LTE Network Planning and Optimisation 235

8 4G Radio Network Planning and Optimisation 237

8.1 Basics of Radio Network Planning 237

8.2 LTE Air Interface 239

8.3 LTE Frame Structure 240

8.4 LTE Protocol Stack 242

8.5 LTE Channel Structure 244

8.6 Multiple Input Multiple Output Antenna Technique 247

8.7 Network Elements in a LTE Radio Network 248

8.8 Key Phenomena in LTE 249

8.9 Radio Network Planning Process 251

8.10 LTE Radio Network Optimisation 259

8.11 LTE Advanced 264

9 4G Core Network Planning and Optimisation 267

9.1 Introduction 267

9.2 Basics of EPC Network Planning 267

9.3 EPC Network Planning: Key Concepts 270

9.4 EPC Network Dimensioning 272

9.5 Detailed EPC Network Planning: Key Concepts 273

9.6 IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem) 276

9.7 Voice‐Flow in LTE 287

9.8 Software Defined Network (SDN) 288

9.9 Network Function Virtualisation (NFV) 291

9.10 Virtualising Network Functions 291

Part IV: 5G Introduction to 5G Network Planning and Optimisation 295

10 5G Network Planning 297

10.1 Introduction to 5G 297

10.2 The 5G Challenge 298

10.3 5G Network Architecture 299

10.4 5G Enabling Technologies 303

10.5 5G Radio and Core Network 305

10.6 5G Spectrum 308

10.7 Network Planning Consideration in 5G 311

Appendix A IoT (Internet of Things) 315
Jeevan Talegaonkar

A.1 Introduction 315

A.2 Types of IoT 317

A.3 IoT Use Cases 318

A.4 IoT Value Chain 322

A.5 Phases of IoT Maturity 323

Appendix B Introduction to MIMO and Massive MIMO 325
Swapnaja Deshpande

B.1 Introduction 325

B.2 Multi‐user MIMO 326

B.3 Spatial Multiplexing of Deterministic MIMO Channels 329

B.4 MIMO performance improvements 331

B.5 Massive MIMO 333

Appendix C Blockchain Technology 337
Priyanka Ray

C.1 Overview 337

C.2 Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) 337

C.3 What Is Blockchain? 338

C.4 Blockchain Versus Database 341

C.5 Telcos in Blockchain 342

C.6 Blockchain in Other Industries 342

C.7 Bitcoin 343

C.8 Benefits of Blockchain 345

C.9 Challenges of Blockchain 346

Appendix D 3GPP Releases 347
Guninder Preet Singh

D.1 Introduction 347

D.2 Release 8 347

D.3 Release 9 349

D.4 Release 10 349

D.5 Release 11 350

D.6 Release 12 350

D.7 Release 13 351

D.8 Release 14 351

D.9 Release 15 and Future Releases 352

Appendix E A Synopsis on Radio Spectrum Management 353
Ramy Ahmed Fathy and Asit Kadayan

E.1 Introduction to Spectrum 353

E.2 Spectrum Management 353

E.3 Role of National Administrations in Spectrum Management 355

E.4 The International Frequency Allocation Table 356

E.5 Spectrum Bands and Their Impact on the User 359

E.6 NFAP (National Frequency Allocation Plan): India 360

E.7 Efficient Use of Spectrum 362

E.8 Future Needs of Spectrum 362

Appendix F Artificial Intelligence 365
Pieter Geldenhuys

F.1 Machine Learning 365

F.2 The History of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning 365

F.3 Artificial Intelligence is about Statistical Relationships, not Cause and Effect Relationships 367

F.4 Artificial Intelligence Created User Behaviour Mapping Versus Traditional Market Research 368

F.5 Artificial Intelligence Created User Behaviour Mapping Versus Narrative Inquiry 368

F.6 The New Digital Ecosystem and Future of Artificial Intelligence 368

F.7 The Role of Machine Learning: Headlines from the Future 369

F.8 Conclusion 372

Bibliography 372

Appendix G Erlang B Tables 373

Bibliography 383

Index 389