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Fundamentals of Physics, Volume 1, 11th Edition

Loose-leaf

$166.95

Fundamentals of Physics, Volume 1, 11th Edition

David Halliday, Robert Resnick, Jearl Walker

ISBN: 978-1-119-46015-2 December 2017 672 Pages

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Description

The first volume of a two-volume text that helps students understand physics concepts and scientific problem-solving Volume 1 of the Fundamentals of Physics, 11th Edition helps students embark on an understanding of physics. This loose-leaf text covers a full range of topics, including: measurement, vectors, motion, and force. It also discusses energy, rotation, equilibrium, gravitation, and oscillations as well temperature and heat. The First and Second Law of Thermodynamics are presented, as is the Kinetic Theory of Gases. The text problems, questions, and provided solutions guide students in improving their problem-solving skills.

1 Measurement 1

1-1 Measuring Things, Including Lengths 1

What is Physics? 1

Measuring Things 1

The International System of Units 2

Changing Units 3

Length 3

Significant Figures and Decimal Places 4

1-2 Time 5

Time 5

1-3 Mass 6

Mass 6

Review & Summary 8

Problems 8

2 Motion Along a Straight Line 13

2-1 Position, Displacement, and Average Velocity 13

What is Physics? 13

Motion 14

Position and Displacement 14

Average Velocity and Average Speed 15

2-2 Instantaneous Velocity and Speed 18

Instantaneous Velocity and Speed 18

2-3 Acceleration 20

Acceleration 20

2-4 Constant Acceleration 23

Constant Acceleration: A Special Case 23

Another Look at Constant Acceleration 26

2-5 Free-Fall Acceleration 27

Free-Fall Acceleration 27

2-6 Graphical Integration in Motion Analysis 29

Graphical Integration in Motion Analysis 29

Review & Summary 30

Questions 31

Problems 32

3 Vectors 40

3-1 Vectors and Their Components 40

What is Physics? 40

Vectors and Scalars 40

Adding Vectors Geometrically 41

Components of Vectors 42

3-2 Unit Vectors, Adding Vectors by Components 46

Unit Vectors 46

Adding Vectors by Components 46

Vectors and the Laws of Physics 47

3-3 Multiplying Vectors 50

Multiplying Vectors 50

Review & Summary 55

Questions 56

Problems 57

4 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions 62

4-1 Position and Displacement 62

What is Physics? 62

Position and Displacement 63

4-2 Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity 64

Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity 65

4-3 Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration 67

Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration 68

4-4 Projectile Motion 70

Projectile Motion 70

4-5 Uniform Circular Motion 76

Uniform Circular Motion 76

4-6 Relative Motion in One Dimension 78

Relative Motion in One Dimension 78

4-7 Relative Motion in Two Dimensions 80

Relative Motion in Two Dimensions 80

Review & Summary 81

Questions 82

Problems 84

5 Force and Motion—I 94

5-1 Newton’s First and Second Laws 94

What is Physics? 94

Newtonian Mechanics 95

Newton’s First Law 95

Force 96

Mass 97

Newton’s Second Law 98

5-2 Some Particular Forces 102

Some Particular Forces 102

5-3 Applying Newton’s Laws 106

Newton’s Third Law 106

Applying Newton’s Laws 108

Review & Summary 114

Questions 114

Problems 116

6 Force and Motion—II 124

6-1 Friction 124

What is Physics? 124

Friction 124

Properties of Friction 127

6-2 The Drag Force and Terminal Speed 130

The Drag Force and Terminal Speed 130

6-3 Uniform Circular Motion 133

Uniform Circular Motion 133

Review & Summary 138

Questions 139

Problems 140

7 Kinetic Energy and Work 149

7-1 Kinetic Energy 149

What is Physics? 149

What is Energy? 149

Kinetic Energy 150

7-2 Work and Kinetic Energy 151

Work 151

Work and Kinetic Energy 152

7-3 Work Done by the Gravitational Force 155

Work Done by the Gravitational Force 156

7-4 Work Done by a Spring Force 159

Work Done by a Spring Force 159

7-5 Work Done by a General Variable Force 162

Work Done by a General Variable Force 162

7-6 Power 166

Power 166

Review & Summary 168

Questions 169

Problems 170

8 Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy 177

8-1 Potential Energy 177

What is Physics? 177

Work and Potential Energy 178

Path Independence of Conservative Forces 179

Determining Potential Energy Values 181

8-2 Conservation of Mechanical Energy 184

Conservation of Mechanical Energy 184

8-3 Reading a Potential Energy Curve 187

Reading a Potential Energy Curve 187

8-4 Work Done On a System by an External Force 191

Work Done on a System by an External Force 192

8-5 Conservation of Energy 195

Conservation of Energy 195

Review & Summary 199

Questions 200

Problems 202

9 Center of Mass and Linear Momentum 214

9-1 Center of Mass 214

What is Physics? 214

The Center of Mass 215

9-2 Newton’s Second Law for a System of Particles 220

Newton’s Second Law for a System of Particles 220

9-3 Linear Momentum 224

Linear Momentum 224

The Linear Momentum of a System of Particles 225

9-4 Collision and Impulse 226

Collision and Impulse 226

9-5 Conservation of Linear Momentum 230

Conservation of Linear Momentum 230

9-6 Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions 233

Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions 233

Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension 234

9-7 Elastic Collisions in One Dimension 237

Elastic Collisions in One Dimension 237

9-8 Collisions in Two Dimensions 240

Collisions in Two Dimensions 240

9-9 Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket 241

Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket 241

Review & Summary 243

Questions 245

Problems 246

10 Rotation 257

10-1 Rotational Variables 257

What is Physics? 258

Rotational Variables 259

Are Angular Quantities Vectors? 264

10-2 Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration 266

Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration 266

10-3 Relating The Linear and Angular Variables 268

Relating the Linear and Angular Variables 268

10-4 Kinetic Energy of Rotation 271

Kinetic Energy of Rotation 271

10-5 Calculating the Rotational Inertia 273

Calculating the Rotational Inertia 273

10-6 Torque 277

Torque 278

10-7 Newton’s Second Law for Rotation 279

Newton’s Second Law for Rotation 279

10-8 Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy 282

Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy 282

Review & Summary 285

Questions 286

Problems 287

11 Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum 295

11-1 Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined 295

What is Physics? 295

Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined 295

11-2 Forces and Kinetic Energy of Rolling 298

The Kinetic Energy of Rolling 298

The Forces of Rolling 299

11-3 The Yo-Yo 301

The Yo-Yo 302

11-4 Torque Revisited 302

Torque Revisited 303

11-5 Angular Momentum 305

Angular Momentum 305

11-6 Newton’s Second Law in Angular Form 307

Newton’s Second Law in Angular Form 307

11-7 Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body 310

The Angular Momentum of a System of Particles 310

The Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body Rotating About a Fixed Axis 311

11-8 Conservation of Angular Momentum 312

Conservation of Angular Momentum 312

11-9 Precession of a Gyroscope 317

Precession of a Gyroscope 317

Review & Summary 318

Questions 319

Problems 320

12 Equilibrium and Elasticity 327

12-1 Equilibrium 327

What is Physics? 327

Equilibrium 327

The Requirements of Equilibrium 329

The Center of Gravity 330

12-2 Some Examples of Static Equilibrium 332

Some Examples of Static Equilibrium 332

12-3 Elasticity 338

Indeterminate Structures 338

Elasticity 339

Review & Summary 343 Questions 343 Problems 345

13 Gravitation 354

13-1 Newton’s Law of Gravitation 354

What is Physics? 354

Newton’s Law of Gravitation 355

13-2 Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition 357

Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition 357

13-3 Gravitation Near Earth’s Surface 359

Gravitation Near Earth’s Surface 360

13-4 Gravitation Inside Earth 362

Gravitation Inside Earth 363

13-5 Gravitational Potential Energy 364

Gravitational Potential Energy 364

13-6 Planets and Satellites: Kepler’s Laws 368

Planets and Satellites: Kepler’s Laws 369

13-7 Satellites: Orbits and Energy 371

Satellites: Orbits and Energy 371

13-8 Einstein and Gravitation 374

Einstein and Gravitation 374

Review & Summary 376

Questions 377

Problems 378

14 Fluids 386

14-1 Fluids, Density, and Pressure 386

What is Physics? 386

What is a Fluid? 386

Density and Pressure 387

14-2 Fluids at Rest 388

Fluids at Rest 389

14-3 Measuring Pressure 392

Measuring Pressure 392

14-4 Pascal’s Principle 393

Pascal’s Principle 393

14-5 Archimedes’ Principle 394

Archimedes’ Principle 395

14-6 The Equation of Continuity 398

Ideal Fluids in Motion 398

The Equation of Continuity 399

14-7 Bernoulli’s Equation 401

Bernoulli’s Equation 401

Review & Summary 405

Questions 405

Problems 406

15 Oscillations 413

15-1 Simple Harmonic Motion 413

What is Physics? 414

Simple Harmonic Motion 414

The Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motion 419

15-2 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion 421

Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion 421

15-3 An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator 423

An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator 423

15-4 Pendulums, Circular Motion 424

Pendulums 425

Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motion 428

15-5 Damped Simple Harmonic Motion 430

Damped Simple Harmonic Motion 430

15-6 Forced Oscillations and Resonance 432

Forced Oscillations and Resonance 432

Review & Summary 434

Questions 434

Problems 436

16 Waves—I 444

16-1 Transverse Waves 444

What is Physics? 445

Types of Waves 445

Transverse and Longitudinal Waves 445

Wavelength and Frequency 446

The Speed of a Traveling Wave 449

16-2 Wave Speed On a Stretched String 452

Wave Speed on a Stretched String 452

16-3 Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a String 454

Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a String 454

16-4 The Wave Equation 456

The Wave Equation 456

16-5 Interference of Waves 458

The Principle of Superposition for Waves 458

Interference of Waves 459

16-6 Phasors 462

Phasors 462

16-7 Standing Waves and Resonance 465

Standing Waves 465

Standing Waves and Resonance 467

Review & Summary 470

Questions 471

Problems 472

17 Waves—II 479

17-1 Speed of Sound 479

What is Physics? 479

Sound Waves 479

The Speed of Sound 480

17-2 Traveling Sound Waves 482

Traveling Sound Waves 482

17-3 Interference 485

Interference 485

17-4 Intensity and Sound Level 488

Intensity and Sound Level 489

17-5 Sources of Musical Sound 492

Sources of Musical Sound 493

17-6 Beats 496

Beats 497

17-7 The Doppler Effect 498

The Doppler Effect 499

17-8 Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves 503

Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves 503

Review & Summary 504

Questions 505

Problems 506

18 Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics 514

18-1 Temperature 514

What is Physics? 514

Temperature 515

The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics 515

Measuring Temperature 516

18-2 The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales 518

The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales 518

18-3 Thermal Expansion 520

Thermal Expansion 520

18-4 Absorption of Heat 522

Temperature and Heat 523

The Absorption of Heat by Solids and Liquids 524

18-5 The First Law of Thermodynamics 528

A Closer Look at Heat and Work 528

The First Law of Thermodynamics 531

Some Special Cases of the First Law of Thermodynamics 532

18-6 Heat Transfer Mechanisms 534

Heat Transfer Mechanisms 534

Review & Summary 538

Questions 540

Problems 541

19 The Kinetic Theory of Gases 549

19-1 Avogadro’s Number 549

What is Physics? 549

Avogadro’s Number 550

19-2 Ideal Gases 550

Ideal Gases 551

19-3 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed 554

Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed 554

19-4 Translational Kinetic Energy 557

Translational Kinetic Energy 557

19-5 Mean Free Path 558

Mean Free Path 558

19-6 The Distribution of Molecular Speeds 560

The Distribution of Molecular Speeds 561

19-7 The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas 564

The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas 564

19-8 Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heats 568

Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heats 568

A Hint of Quantum Theory 570

19-9 The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas 571

The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas 571

Review & Summary 575

Questions 576

Problems 577

20 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 583

20-1 Entropy 583

What is Physics? 584

Irreversible Processes and Entropy 584

Change in Entropy 585

The Second Law of Thermodynamics 588

20-2 Entropy in the Real World: Engines 590

Entropy in the Real World: Engines 590

20-3 Refrigerators and Real Engines 595

Entropy in the Real World: Refrigerators 596

The Efficiencies of Real Engines 597

20-4 A Statistical View of Entropy 598

A Statistical View of Entropy 598

Review & Summary 602

Questions 603

Problems 604

Appendices

A The International System of Units (SI) A-1

B Some Fundamental Constants of Physics A-3

C Some Astronomical Data A-4

D Conversion Factors A-5

E Mathematical Formulas A-9

F Properties of the Elements A-12

G Periodic Table of the Elements A-15

Student Solutions Manual 1-125

Answers

To Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems AN-1

Index I-1