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Gender in Low and Middle-Income Countries

Gender in Low and Middle-Income Countries

Marc H. Bornstein, Diane L. Putnick, Jennifer E. Lansford, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Robert H. Bradley, Kofi Marfo (Commentaries by)

ISBN: 978-1-119-27646-3

Apr 2016, Wiley-Blackwell

199 pages

Select type: Paperback

In Stock

$39.99

Description

How do girls and boys in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in the majority world vary with respect to central indicators of child growth and mortality, parental caregiving, discipline and violence, and child labor? How do key indicators of national gender equity and economic development relate to gender similarities and differences in each of these substantive areas of child development? This monograph of the SRCD is concerned with central topics of child gender, gendered parenting, gendered environments, and gendered behaviors and socializing practices in the underresearched and underserved world of LMIC. To examine protective and risk factors related to child gender in LMIC around the world, we used data from more than 2 million individuals in 400,000 families in 41 LMIC collected in the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, a household survey that includes nationally representative samples of participating countries. In the fi rst chapter of this monograph, we describe the conceptual "gender similarities" and "bioecological" frameworks that helped guide the monograph. In the second chapter, we detail the general methodology adhered to in the substantive chapters. Then, in topical chapters, we describe the situations of girls and boys with successive foci on child growth and mortality, parental caregiving, family discipline and violence, and child labor. We conclude with a general discussion of fi ndings from the substantive chapters in the context of gender and bioecological theories.

Across 41 LMIC and four substantive areas of child development, few major gender differences emerged. Our data support a gender similarities view and suggest that general emphases on early child gender differences may be overstated at least for the developing world of LMIC.

GENDER IN LOW- ANDMIDDLE-INCOME  COUNTRIES

 

 

 

CONTENTS

 


I.  GENDER IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES: INTRODUCTION

Marc H. Bornstein, Diane L. Putnick, Robert H. Bradley, Kirby Deater-Deckard, and Jennifer E. Lansford

 

 

II.  GENDER IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES:

GENERAL METHODS

Marc H. Bornstein, Diane L. Putnick, Robert H. Bradley, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Jennifer E. Lansford, and Yumiko Ota

 

 

III. THE ROLE OF PHYSICAL CAPITAL ASSETS IN YOUNG GIRLS’ AND BOYS’ MORTALITY AND GROWTH IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES

Robert H. Bradley and Diane L. Putnick

 

 

IV.  MOTHERS’ AND FATHERS’ PARENTING PRACTICES WITH THEIR DAUGHTERS AND SONS IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES

Marc H.Bornstein and Diane L. Putnick

 

 

V.  DAUGHTERS’ AND SONS’ EXPOSURE TO CHILDREARING DISCIPLINE AND VIOLENCE IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES

Kirby Deater-Deckard and Jennifer E. Lansford

 

 

VI.  GIRLS’ AND BOYS’ LABOR AND HOUSEHOLD CHORES IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES

Diane L. Putnick and Marc H. Bornstein

 

 

VII.  GENDER IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES: REFLECTIONS, LIMITATIONS, DIRECTIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS

Marc H. Bornstein, Diane L. Putnick, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Jennifer E. Lansford, and Robert H. Bradley

 

 

REFERENCES ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


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COMMENTARY

 


CONTEXT AND THE ADVANCEMENT OF A GLOBAL SCIENCEOF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT: A COMMENTARY

Kofi Marfo

 

CONTRIBUTORS STATEMENT OF EDITORIAL POLICY

SUBJECT  INDEX


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