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Geodiversity: Valuing and Conserving Abiotic Nature



Geodiversity: Valuing and Conserving Abiotic Nature

Murray Gray

ISBN: 978-0-470-09081-7 June 2004 448 Pages


A counterpoint to biodiversity, geodiversity describes the rocks, sediments, soils, fossils, landforms, and the physical processes that underlie our environment. The first book to focus exclusively on the subject, Geodiversity describes the interrelationships between geodiversity and biodiversity, the value of geodiversity to society, as well as current threats to its existence. Illustrated with global case studies throughout, the book examines traditional approaches to protecting biodiversity and the new management agenda which is starting to be used instead.

Chapter 1. Defining Geodiversity.

1.1 A diverse world.

1.2 Biodiversity.

1.3 Geodiversity.

1.4 Geodiversity as a Resource.

1.5 Aims and Structure of the Book.

Chapter 2. Describing Geodiversity.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Origin of the Earth.

2.3 Early history of the Earth.

2.4 Plate Tectonics.

2.5 Landscapes of Plate Interiors.

2.6 Earth Materials.

2.7 Processes and Landforms.

2.8 Conclusions.

Chapter 3. Valuing Geodiversity.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Intrinsic or Existence Value.

3.3 Cultural Value.

3.4 Aesthetic Value.

3.5 Economic Value.

3.6 Functional Value.

3.7 Research and Educational Value.

3.8 Conclusions.

Chapter 4. Threats to Geodiversity.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Mineral Extraction.

4.3 Landfill and Quarry Restoration.

4.4 Land Development and Urban Expansion.

4.5 Coastal Erosion and Protection.

4. 6 River Management, Hydrology and Engineering.

4.7 Forestry, Vegetation Growth and Removal.

4.8 Agriculture.

4.9 Other Land Management Changes.

4.10 Recreation/Tourism Pressures.

4.11 Removal of Geological Specimens.

4.12 Climate and Sea-level Change.

4.13 Fire.

4.14 Military Activity.

4.15 Lack of Information/Education.

4.16 Cumulative Impacts and Sensitivity to Change.

4.17 Conclusions.

Chapter 5. Conserving Geodiversity: The Protected Area and Legislative Approaches.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Beginning of the Conservation Movement in North America.

5.3 Early British Experience.

5.4 The Protected Area and Legislative Approaches.

5.5 International Conservation.

5.6 The European Dimension.

5.7 National Conservation Systems.

5.8 USA.

5.9 Canada.

5.10 UK.

5.11 Ireland.

5.12 Northern Europe.

5.13 Eastern Europe.

5.14 West-Central Europe.

5.15 Southern Europe.

5.16 Australia.

5.17 New Zealand.

5.18 The Rest of the World.

5.19 International Geoconservation Revisited.

5.20 Conclusions.

Chapter 6. Managing Geodiversity: New Approaches for the Wider Landscape.

6.1 Sustainable Management of the Georesource.

6.2 Assessing the Wider Geodiversity Resource.

6.3 Georestoration.

6.4 Landform Design.

6.5 Geomaterials.

6.6 Land-use Planning Systems.

6.7 Environmental Impact Assessment.

6.8 Policies, Strategies, Audits and Charters.

6.9 Communication, Interpretation and Education.

6.10 Conclusions.

Chapter 7. Integrating Geodiversity and Biodiversity.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Criticisms of "Geodiversity".

7.3 Measuring Geodiversity.

7.4 Integrating Geodiversity and Biodiversity.

7.5 Integrated Land Management.

7.6 Potential Geodiversity/Biodiversity Conflicts.

7.7 Conclusions.

Chapter 8. Towards a Vision for Geodiversity Conservation.

8.1 Valuing and Conserving Geodiversity.

8.2 A Vision for Geodiversity Conservation.



"...The author provides a timely review of recent advances in the integration of geodiversity into wider conservation and planning strategies..." (Journal of Quaternary Science, Vol.19, No.8, December 2004)

"...the book is well-written and follows a clear and concise outline." (Environmental Geology, Vol. 48, No. 2, July 2005)

  • First book to focus specifically on geodiversity of the planet, its threats, conservation, management and value
  • Global case studies on conserving geodiversity throughout USA, Canada, UK, Ireland, Continental Europe, Australia, New Zealand