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Geomorphic Processes and Riverine Habitat

Geomorphic Processes and Riverine Habitat

Joseph M. Dorava (Editor), David R. Montgomery (Editor), Betty B. Palcsak (Editor), Faith A. Fitzpatrick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-875-90353-8 January 2001 American Geophysical Union 253 Pages


Out of stock



Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Water Science and Application Series, Volume 4.

Declines in fish populations and the loss of riverine habitat from human demands on the environment intensify year by year. By considering why and how, and by proposing restoration methods and mitigation strategies, scientists respond forcefully to improve disturbed ecosystems. Geomorphic Processes and Riverine Habitat presents results from recent research in fluvial geomorphology related to the assessment and characterization of riverine and riparian habitat, and the response of biota to changes in their environment. As our understanding of formative processes and how humans occupy and shape the environment grows, we can minimize our impact while enhancing our ability to restore and rehabilitate degraded river systems. For scientists, researchers and students of riverine habitat.

Joseph M.Dorava   vii


Understanding Geomorphic Processes and Riverine Habitat
Joseph M. Dorava, David R. Montgomery, Betty B. Palcsak, and Faith A. Fitzpatrick  3

Section 1: Geomorphic and Habitat Assessments

A Comparison of Multi-Disciplinary Methods for Measuring Physical Conditions of Streams
Faith A. Fitzpatrick  7

Watershed Assessment with Synoptic Base-Flow Surveys
Kenneth W. Potter and Stephen J. Gafield  19

Models of Habitat Use and Availability to Evaluate Anthropogenic Changes in Channel Geometry
James A. Gore  27

Holocene and Recent Geomorphic Processes, Land Use, and Salmonid Habitat in Two North Puget Sound River Basins
Timothy J. Beechie, Brian D. Collins, and George R. Pess 37

Section 2: Pristine Undisturbed Systems

Channel Changes and Habitat Diversity in a Warm-Water, Gravel-Bed Stream
Rose McKenney   57

Biophysical Gradients Related to Channel Islands, Middle Snake River, Idaho
W. R. Osterkamp, W C. Johnson, and M. D. Dixon  73

Modeling Sediment and Wood Storage and Dynamics in Small Mountainous Watersheds
Stephen T. Lancaster, Shannon K Hayes, and Gordon E. Grant 85

Section 3: Anthropogenically Altered Systems

Stream Geomorphology and Fish Community Structure in Channelized and Meandering Reaches
of an Agricultural Stream
Kelly M. Frothingham, Bruce L. Rhoads, and Edwin E. Herricks  105

Mass Wasting and Sediment Storage in a Small Montane Watershed:
An Extreme Case of Anthropogenic Disturbance in the Humid 'Ikopics
Matthew C. Larsen and Abigail Santiago Roman  119

Animal Response to River Evolution in the Tidal Freshwater Zone
Gregory B. Pasternack  139

Spatial Variations in Channel Morphology at Segment and Reach Scales,
Middle Fork John Day River, Northeastern Oregon
Patricia R. McDowell 159

The Downstream Effects of Dams on the Regeneration of Riparian Tree Species in Northern Japan
Futoshi Nakamura and Nozomi Shin  173

Section 4: Restoration Strategies

Relations Between Streamflow, Sediment lkansport, and Aquatic Habitat in Regulated Rivers
John Pitlick and Peter Wilcock   185

Fluvial Processes and Passive Rehabilitation of the Lisbon Bottom Side-Channel Chute,
Lower Missouri River
Robert B. Jacobson, Mark S. Laustrup, and Michael D. Chapman   199

Mitigating Boatwake-Induced Erosion Along the Kenai River, Alaska
Joseph M. Dorava  217

Importance of Archival and Process Studies to Characterizing Pre-Settlement Riverine
Geomorphic Processes and Habitat in the Puget Lowland
Brian D. Collins and David R. Montgomery   227

Section 5: Synthesis and Overview

Geomorphology, River Ecology, and Ecosystem Management
David R. Montgomery   247