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Glass: Mechanics and Technology, 2nd Edition

Glass: Mechanics and Technology, 2nd Edition

Eric Le Bourhis

ISBN: 978-3-527-67946-1

Jul 2014

416 pages

Description

Glass is a material with essentially unlimited application possibilities. This second edition of a comprehensive reference in glass science, points out the correlation between the performance of industrial processes and practice-relevant properties, such as strength and optical properties. Interdisciplinary in his approach, the author discusses both the science and technology, starting with an outline of history and applications, glass structure, and rheology.
The sections on properties include mechanical strength and contact resistance, ageing, mechanics of glass processes, the production and control of residual stresses, high-tech products, and current research and development. Applications include glazing, packaging, optical glass, glass fibers for reinforcement, and abrasive tools. The development of touchscreen technology showed how important were the design and resistance of thin flexible glass and these new thin aluminosilicate glasses are also discussed.
INTRODUCTION

GLASS, A CERAMIC MATERIAL
Four Classes of Materials
Materials Properties
Selecting Materials
Performance Indexes
Shape Factors in Mechanical Design

GLASS PREHISTORY AND HISTORY
Natural Glasses
Early Glasses
First Optical Glasses
Modern Glasses

APPLICATIONS OF GLASS
Glazing
Containers
Optical Glass
Glass Fibres for Insulation and Reinforcement
Abrasive Tools
Glass Manufacturers

GLASS STRUCTURE
Introduction
Silica Glass and Related Glasses
Borate Glass and Related Glasses
Organic and Chalcogenide Glasses
Metallic Glasses
Avoiding Crystallization
Vitroceramic Fabrication
Surface Structure

GLASS RHEOLOGY
Viscosity
Glass Transition and its Observation
Viscous Response of Glass
Visco-Elastic Response of Glass
Thermal Tempering of Glass
Transient Stress
Chemical Tempering of Glass

MECHANICAL STRENGHT OF GLASS
Theoretical Strength
Tensile Resistance of Glass
Stress Concentration and Griffith Energy Balance
Linear Elasticity Crack Tip Stress Field
SIF under Non-uniform Stress
Toughness Measurement
Influence of Residual Stress on Strength and Fragmentation
Statistic Weibull Analysis

CONTACT RESISTANCE OF GLASS
Sharp and Blunt Contact
Sharp Contact Resistance
Scratch Resistance
Abrasion Resistance
Introducing a Controlled and Critical Surface Flaw
Cutting Glass

AGEING OF GLASS
Fatigue in Glass
Stress Corrosion
Charles and Hillig Theory
Life Time Under Static Fatigue
Applications
NiS Phase Transformation
Crack Healing

MECHANICS OF GLASS PROCESSES
Introduction
Float Process
Fusion Draw
Container Process
Fiber Process

PRODUCTION CONTROL OF RESIDUAL STRESSES
Introduction
Residual Stresses in Flat Glass
Basics of Photoelasticity in Flat Glass
Stress Meters

HIGH-TECH PRODUCES AND R&D
Market Trend-Driven R&D
Flat Displays
Thin-Film Technology
Residual Stresses in Thin Film

CONCLUSIONS
APPENDICES
Light Absorption and Dispersion
Atomic Structure and Bond Formation
Thermal Expansion and Elasticity
Falling Sphere Viscometer and Fining of Glass
Theoretical Strength of a Solid
Weibull Analysis in Practice
Photoelasticity Set Up for Lectures
Instrumented Nanoindentation Applied to Thin Films
Strain and Stress
Flow and Plasticity in Glass
Finite Element Analysis
X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Thin Film Residual Stresses
Diffusion