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Global Earth Physics: A Handbook of Physical Constants

Global Earth Physics: A Handbook of Physical Constants

Thomas J. Ahrens (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66807-8 March 2013 American Geophysical Union 376 Pages


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the AGU Reference Shelf Series, Volume 1.

The purpose of this Handbook is to provide, in highly accessible form, selected critical data for professional and student solid Earth and planetary geophysicists. Coverage of topics and authors were carefully chosen to fulfill these objectives.
These volumes represent the third version of the “Handbook of Physical Constants. ” Several generations of solid Earth scientists have found these handbooks to be the most frequently used item in their personal library. The first version of this Handbook was edited by F. Birch, J. F. Schairer, and H. Cecil Spicer and published in 1942 by the Geological Society of America (GSA) as Special Paper 36. The second edition, edited by Sydney P. Clark, Jr., was also published by GSA as Memoir 92 in 1966. Since 1966, our scientific knowledge of the Earth and planets has grown enormously, spurred by the discovery and verification of plate tectonics and the systematic exploration of the solar system.

Thomas J. Ahrens vii

Astrametric and Geodetic Properties of Earth and the Solar System (1-1)
Charles F. Yoder 1

Geoid, Topography and Distribution of Landforms (1-2)
Anny Cazenave 32

Earth Tides (1-3)
John Wahr 40

Global Magnetic Field (1-4)
Jeremy Bloxham 47

Present Plate Motions and Plate Boundaries (1-5)
Richard G. Gordon 66

Seismic Models of the Earth: Elastic and Anelastic (1-6)
T. G. Masters and P.M. Shearer 88

Free Oscillations: Frequencies and Attenuations (1-7)
T. G. Masters and R. Wiidmer 104

Seismic Traveltime Tables (1-8)
B. L. N. Kennett 126

Heat Flow of the Earth (1-9)
Carol A. Stein 144

Composition of the Solar System, Planets, Meteorites, and Major Terrestrial Reservoirs (1-10)
Horton E. Newsom 159

Electrical Conductivity Models of the Crust and Mantle (1-12)
John F. Hermance 190

Magnitudes and Moments of Earthquakes (1-13)
Katsuyuki Abe 206

Crustal Structure of the Earth (1-14)
Toshiro Tanimoto 214

Mean Palcomagnetic Poles for the Major Continents and the Pacific Plate (1-15)
Richard G. Gordan and Rob van der Voo  225

Magnetic Polarity Time Scale of the Phanerozoic (1-16/17)
James G. Ogg 240

Isotopic Decay Data (1-18)
Joel D. Blum 271

Natural Radioactivity of the Crust and Mantle (1-19)
W. R. Van Schmus 283

Stable Isotope Distribution: Variations From Temperature, Organic and Water-Rock Interactions (I-20)
Robert E. Criss 292

Volcanic Gases From Subaerial Volcanoes on Earth (1-21)
Richard E. Stoiber 308

Properties and Composition of the Terrestrial Oceans and of the Atmospheres of the Earth and Other
Planets (1-22)
Bruce Fegley Jr. 320

Fundamental Physical Constants and Conversion Factors (1-23)
Bruce M. Moskowitz 346

Earth Rotation (1-24)
Jean O. Dickey  356