2. How much Water is used for Producing our Goods and Services?.
3. Virtual-Water Flows between Nations as a Result of Trade in Agricultural and Industrial Products.
4. Water Saving through International Trade in Agricultural Products.
5. The Water Footprints of Nations.
6. The Water Footprints of Morocco and the Netherlands.
7. Virtual- versus Real-Water Transfers within China.
8. The Water Footprint of Coffee and Tea Consumption.
9. The Water Footprint of Cotton Consumption.
10. Water as a Geopolitical Resource.
11. Efficient, Sustainable, and Equitable Water Use in a Globalized world.
Appendix I. Analytical Framework for the Assessment of Virtual-Water content, Virtual-Water Flows, Water Savings, Water Footprints, and Water Dependencies.
Appendix II. Virtual-Water Flows per Country Related to International Trade in Crop, Livestock, and Industrial Products.
Appendix III. National Water Savings and Losses due to Trade in Agricultural Products.
Appendix IV. Water Footprints of Nations.
Appendix V. Water Footprint versus Water Scarcity, Self-Sufficiency, and Water Import Dependency per Country.
"This book is a technical research report, , and gives another important strand of firm evidence to support the case for switching to vegan lifestyles". (Vegan, 1 December 2010)
“Heightened concern about global climate change makes this book timely and of interest to many readers.” (Choice Reviews, May 2009)
"[This book] is an authorative and stimulating book to read. Its main contribution is the excellent use of case studies to illustrate the well-articulated theoretical background of virtual water and its global implications.... A though-provoking book." (South African Geographical Journal, 2008)
“The authors propose to reverse the logic of production volumes to consumption volumes. This approach entirely changes all conclusions concerning water stress in the world, dependencies on other countries, and responsibility for water scarcity. This detailed study gives new insights into these mechanisms, leading to a more realistic picture of a country’s water needs. The book contains extensive and detailed tables, with all the data required for an in depth evaluation. The book concludes with some important remarks on fairness, sustainability, responsibility, and price-setting.” (Water Environment and Technology Magazine, December 2008)
- Examines the critical link between water management and international trade, considering how local water depletion and pollution are often closely tied to the structure of the global economy
- Offers a consumer-based indicator of each nation’s water use: the water footprint
- Questions whether trade can enhance global water use efficiency, or whether it simply shifts the environmental burden to a distant location
- Highlights the hidden link between national consumption and the use of water resources across the globe, identifying the threats facing ‘water dependent’ countries worldwide
- Provides a state-of-the-art review and in-depth data source for a new field of knowledge