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Grasses: Crops, Competitors, and Ornamentals

E-Book

$192.99

Grasses: Crops, Competitors, and Ornamentals

Hansjoerg Kraehmer (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-41708-8 June 2019 592 Pages

Description

Combines new findings on morphological aspects, the latest data on gene function in grasses, and the interaction of grasses with their habitats

45% of all arable land is covered by five grass crops: wheat, maize, rice, barley and sugar cane. This book demonstrates why crops and weeds are growing in characteristic environments today, and looks at how cropping practices may change in the future and how these changes will affect weed spectra. It explains the distribution of grasses and their role for mankind and summarizes our knowledge on grass genomes. Special emphasis is placed on the function of genes at defined developmental stages and in organs of grasses. The development of grasses is then described from the germination to fruit set with many unpublished examples.

Grasses: Crops, Competitors and Ornamentals provides readers with a comparative description of selected grass organs (stem, root, leaf, inflorescence) and devotes several chapters to habitats of grasses and morphological characteristics that enable grasses to grow in special environments. In addition, some chapters deal with grasses as crops and weeds, and emphasis is placed on their adaptation to modern agriculture.

  • Predicts how cropping practices may change in the future and how these changes will affect weed spectra
  • Details grasses as crops and weeds, emphasizing their adaptation to modern agriculture
  • Summarizes our knowledge on grass genomes
  • Connects classical morphology with the latest tools in molecular biology as well as ecological aspects determining the wide distribution of grass species today

Grasses: Crops, Competitors and Ornamentals will be of great interest to agricultural scientists who want to know more about crops and weeds, grassland specialists and breeders interested in special grass traits, and molecular biologists and ecologists who study the biology and habitat of grasses.

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Part I Introduction
H. Kraehmer

Chapter 1 Introduction
H. Kraehmer

Part II Grass genomics
T. Gaines

Chapter 2 Grass sequencing projects
T. Gaines

Chapter 3 Grass gene sequences and traits
H.Kraehmer/T. Gaines

Part III Morphological and physiological characteristics of grasses
H. Kraehmer                                                                                                

Chapter 4 Flower and inflorescence
H. Kraehmer

Chapter 5 Fertilisation and fruit development
H. Kraehmer/P. Baur                                

Chapter 6 Seedling
H. Kraehmer                       

Chapter 7 Leaf
H. Kraehmer/ P. Baur

Chapter 8 Shoot
H. Kraehmer 

Chapter 9 Root
H. Kraehmer                                                                     

Chapter 10 Growth forms of grasses
H. Kraehmer      

Chapter 11 Grass surface
H. Kraehmer/ P. Baur                                     

Part IV Grasses as crops
Kraehmer                                                        

Chapter 12 Arable crops
H. Kraehmer                                                        

Chapter 13 Bamboos
H. Kraehmer                                                        

Chapter 14 Dominance of grasses as crops
H. Kraehmer                        

Part V Grasses as weeds
H. Kraehmer/ C. Bell                                         

Chapter 15 Dominance of grasses as weeds
H. Kraehmer / C. Bell        

Part VI Grasses as ornamentals
H. Kraehmer                                         

Chapter 16 What makes grasses attractive ornamentals and where?
H. Kraehmer

Part VII Natural habitats of grasses
C. Bell                                        

Chapter 17 Native grasslands
C. Bell                                       

Part VIII Final conclusions         

18 Why have grasses become so successful?
H. Kraehmer   

Index