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Gravimetry and Space Techniques Applied to Geodynamics and Ocean Dynamics

Gravimetry and Space Techniques Applied to Geodynamics and Ocean Dynamics

Bob E. Schutz (Editor), Allen Anderson (Editor), Claude Froidevaux (Editor), Michael Parke (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66664-7

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

142 pages

Select type: Online Book


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 82.

The variety of disciplines represented in this volume (including space geodesy, oceanography, geophysics, and celestial mechanics) attest to the interdisciplinary applications of gravimetry and space techniques. The relation to sea level is addressed within some of the papers and the contributions of the techniques to development of global gravity models are discussed. The space technique of satellite altimetry has become a prominent contributor to sea surface topography as well as ocean tide models and determination of gravity, especially in ocean areas. Ocean tides influence the motion of near-Earth satellites and the rotation of the Earth. Modern space geodesy is increasingly relying on the Global Positioning System for measuring geophysical phenomena manifested at the surface through crustal deformations. Furthermore, the geophysical interpretation of gravity anomalies has been facilitated by the introduction of modern techniques.

This volume represents only a small "snapshot" of the interdisciplinary research being conducted. Modem space geodesy is one of the common links between the disciplines reflected in this volume. New developments in gravimetry and space techniques will further enhance and foster interdisciplinary work in coming years.

Bob E. Schutz, Allen Anderson, Claude Froidevaux, Michael Parke ix

Helmut Moritz xi

1. Absolute Gravimetry Applied to Postglacial Rebound Studies: Progress in Laurentia
A. Lambert, J. 0. Liard, N. Courtier, and D. R. Bower 1

2. Long Wavelength Geopotential and Tidal Modeling for Geodynamics and Ocean Dynamics:
GEM-T3 and GEM-T3S
R. S. Nerem, F. J. Lerch, B. H. Putney, S. M. Klosko, R. G. Williamson, G. B. Patel, and E. C. Pavlis 9

3. The Determination of Large-Scale Sea Surface Topography and Its Variations Using Geosat Altimetry
C. K. Shum, D. P. Chambers, J. C. Ries, D. N. Yuan, and B. D. Tapley 21

4. Fitting Ocean Tide Dynamics to Gravimetric and Sea Surface Topography Data
W. Zahel 33

5. Assimilation of Geosat Data Into a Regional Model of the Gulf Stream
S. A. Capotondi and W. R. Holland 47

6. Satellite Altimeter Observations of the Mf and Mm Ocean Tides, With Simultaneous Orbit Corrections
R. Ray and D. E. Cartwright 69

7. Estimation of the Sea Surface Topography off Mid-Norway Using Geosat Altimetry and Sea-Gravity Data
A. H. Drottning and P. Knudsen 79

8. Ocean Tide Effects on Earth's Rotation and on the Lunar Orbit
S. R. Dickman 87

9. Systematic Differences Between Radiointerferometric, and Laser Series of Pole Coordinates and
Short Periodical Variations of These Pole Coordinates
B. Kolaczek and W. Kosek 95

10. Long Term Evolution of Mean Orbital Elements of Artificial Satellites
P. Exertier, G. Metris, Y. Boudon, and F. Barlier 103

11. GPS Epoch Measurements Spanning the Mid-Atlantic Plate Boundary in Northern Iceland 1987-1990
C. -H. Jahn, G. Seeber, G. R. Foulger, and P. Einarsson 109

12. Topographic Masses and Mass Heterogeneities in the Upper Mantle
C. Matyska 125

13. The Fennoscandian Geoid Bulge and Its Correlations With Land Uplift and Moho Depth
L. Sjoberg, T. Nord, and H. Fan 133