**PARTIAL TABLE OF CONTENTS** Foreword.

About the Authors.

**A**

Abnormal Grain Growth.

Abrasive Wearâ??See *Friction and Wear Testing.*

Acceleration of Free-settling Particles.

Activated Sintering, Early-stage Shrinkage.

Activation Energyâ??See *Arrhenius Relation.*

Adsorptionâ??See *BET Specific Surface Area.*

Agglomerate Strength.

Agglomeration Force.

Agglomeration of Nanoscale Particlesâ??See *Nanoparticle Agglomeration.*

Andreasen Size Distribution.

**B**

Ball Millingâ??See *Jar Milling.*

Bearing Strength.

Bell Curveâ??See *Gaussian Distribution.*

Bending-beam Viscosity.

Bending Test.

BET Equivalent Spherical-particle Diameter.

BET Specific Surface Area.

Bimodal Powder Packing.

Bimodal Powder Sintering.

Binder Burnoutâ??See *Polymer Pyrolysis.*

**C**

Cantilever-beam Testâ??See *Bending-beam Viscosity.*

Capillarity.

Capillarity-induced Sinteringâ??See *Surface Curvature-Driven Mass Flow in Sintering.*

Capillary Pressure during Liquid-phase Sinteringâ??See *Mean Capillary Pressure.*

Capillary Riseâ??See *Washburn Equation.*

Capillary Stressâ??See *Laplace Equation.*

Case Carburization.

Casson Model.

Cemented-carbide Hardness.

Centrifugal Atomization Droplet Size.

**D**

Darcyâ??s Law.

Debindingâ??See *Polymer Pyrolysis, Solvent Debinding Time, Thermal Debinding Time, Vacuum Thermal Debinding Time*, and *Wicking.*

Debinding Master Curveâ??See *Master Decomposition Curve.*

Debinding Temperature.

Debinding Timeâ??See *Solvent Debinding Time, Thermal Debinding Time, Vacuum Thermal Debinding Time*, and *Wicking*.

Debinding by Solvent Immersionâ??See *Solvent Debinding Time.*

Debinding Weight Loss.

Delubricationâ??See *Polymer Pyrolysis.*

Densification.

Densification in Liquid-phase Sinteringâ??See *Dissolution-induced Densification.*

**E**

Effective Pressure.

Ejection Stressâ??See *Maximum Ejection Stress.*

Elastic Behaviorâ??See *Hookeâ??s Law*.

Elastic deformation Neck-size Ratio.

Elastic-modulus Variation with Density.

Elastic-property Variation with Porosity.

Electrical-conductivity Variation with Porosity.

Electromigration Contributions to Spark Sintering.

Elongation.

Elongation Variation with Densityâ??See *Sintered Ductility.*

**F**

Feedstock Formulation.

Feedstock Viscosityâ??See *Suspension Viscosity* and *Viscosity Model for Infection-molding Feedstock*.

Feedstock Viscosity as a Function of Shear Rateâ??See *Cross Model*.

Feedstock Yield Strengthâ??See *Yield Strength of Particle-Polymer Feedstock.*

Fiber-fracture from Buckling.

Fiber-fracture Probability.

Fiber Packing Density.

Fickâ??s First Law.

Fickâ??s Second Law.

Field-activated Sintering.

**G**

Gas-absorption Surface Areaâ??See *BET Specific Surface Area.*

Gas-atomization Cooling Rate.

Gas-atomization Melt Flow Rate.

Gas-atomization Particle Size.

Gas-generated Final Pores.

Gas Permeabilityâ??See *Kozeny-Carman Equation.*

Gate Strain Rate in Injection Molding.

Gaudin-Schuhmann distribution.

Gaussian Distribution.

Gel-densification Model.

**H**

Hall-Petch Relation.

Hardenability Factor.

Hardness.

Hardness Variation with Grain Size in Cemented Carbides.

Heating-rate Effect in Transient Liquid-phase Sintering.

Heat Transfer in Sintered Materials.

Heat-transfer Rate in Modelingâ??See *Cooling Rate in Molding.*

Herring Scaling Law.

Hertzian stressâ??See *Elastic Deformation Neck-size Ratio.*

Heterodiffusionâ??See *Mixed-powder Sintering Shrinkage.*

**I**

Impregnationâ??See *Infiltration Pressure.*

Inertial-flow Equation.

Infiltration Depth.

Infiltration Pressure.

Infiltration Rate.

Inhibited Grain Growthâ??See *Zener Relation.*

Initial-stage Liquid-phase Sintering Stressâ??See *Sintering Stress in Initial-stage Liquid-phase Sintering.*

Initial-stage Neck Growth.

Initial-stage Sinteringâ??See *Surface Diffusion-Controlled Neck Growth*.

Initial-stage Sintering Modelâ??See Kuczynski Neck-growth Model.

**J**

Jar Milling.

Jet Mixing Time.

**K**

Kawakita Equation.

Kelvin Equation.

Kelvin Modelâ??See *Viscoelastic Model for Powder-Polymer Mixtures.*

K-Factor.

Kingery Intermediate-stage Liquid-phase Sintering Modelâ??See *Intermediateâ??stage Liquid-phase Sintering Model.*

Kingery Model for Pressure-assisted Liquid-phase Sinteringâ??See *Pressure-assisted Liquid-phase Sintering.*

Kingery Rearrangement Shrinkage Kineticsâ??*See Rearrangement Kinetics in Initial-stage Liquid-phase Sintering.*

Kissinger Method.

Knoop Hardness.

Knudsen Diffusionâ??See *Vapor Mean Free Path.*

**L**

Laminar Flow Settlingâ??See *Stokesâ?? Law.*

Laplace Equation.

Laplace Numberâ??See *Suratman Number.*

Laser Sintering.

Lattice Diffusionâ??See *Vacancy Diffusion.*

Lifschwiz, Slyozov, Wagner Model.

Ligament Pinchingâ??See *Raleigh Instability.*

Limiting Neck Size.

Limiting Size for Sedimentation Analysis.

Liquid and Solid Compositions in Prealloy Particle Melting.

**M**

Macroscopic Sintering Model Constitutive Equations.

Magnetic Coercivity Correlation in Cemented Carbides.

Mass Flow Rate in Atomizationâ??See *Gas-atomization Melt Flow Rate*.

Master Decomposition Curve.

Master Sintering Curve.

Master Sintering Curve for Grain Growthâ??See *Grain-growth Master Curve*.

Maximum Density in Pressure-assisted Sintering.

Maximum Ejection Stress.

Maximum Grain Size in Sintering.

Maximum Lubricant Content.

**N**

Nabarro-Herring Creep-controlled Pressure-assisted Densification.

Nanoparticle Agglomeration.

Nanoparticle Melting-point Depression.

Nanoscale Particle-Agglomerate Spheroidization.

Nanoscale Particle-size Effect on Surface Energyâ??See *Surface-energy variation with Droplet Size.*

Neck-curvature Stress.

Neck Growth Early in Liquid-phase Sintering.

Neck Growth-induced Shrinkageâ??See *Shrinkage Relation to Neck Size*.

Neck Growth Limited by Grain Growth.

Neck-growth Modelâ??See *Kuczynski neck-growth Model.*

**O**

Open-pore Content.

Optimal Packing Particle-size Distributionâ??See *Andreasen Size Distribution.*

Optimal Mixer Rotational Speed.

Ordered Packing.

Osprey Processâ??See *Spray Deposition.*

Ostwald Ripening.

Oxide Reduction.

**P**

Packing Density for Log-normal Particles.

Particle Cooling in Atomizationâ??See *Newtonian Cooling Approximation.*

Particle Coordination Numberâ??See *Coordination Number and Density*.

Particle Diffusion in Mixing.

Particle Fracture in Milling.

Particle Packing.

Particle-shape Index.

Particle Sizeâ??See *Equivalent Spherical Diameter* and *Mean Particle Size.*

Particle-size Analysisâ??See *Sieve Progression.*

Particle size and Apparent Density.

**Q**

Quantitative-microscopy Determination of Surface Areaâ??See *Surface Area by Quantitative Microscopy.*

Quasi-3-dimensional Energy-governing Equation for Powder Injection Moldingâ??*See Energy-governing Equation for Powder Injection Molding*.

Quasi-3-dimensional Pressure-governing Equation for Powder Injection Modelingâ??See *Pressure-governing Equation in Powder Injection Molding.*

Quasi-3-dimensional Pressure-governing Equation for Powder Injection Molding with Slip-layer Modelâ??See *Pressure-governing Equation in Powder Injection Molding with Slip-layer Model.*

Quasi-3-dimensional Pressure-governing Equation for Powder Injection Molding with Slip-velocity Modelâ??See *Pressure-governing Equation in 2.5 Dimensions for Powder Injection Molding with Slip-velocity Model*.

**R**

Radial Crush Strengthâ??See *Bearing Strength.*

Radiant Heating.

Raleigh Instability.

Random Packing Density.

Random Packing Radial-distribution Function.

Reaction-controlled Grain Growthâ??See *Grain-growth Master Curve, Interfacial Reaction Control,* and *Interface-controlled Grain Growth*.

Reaction-rate Equationâ??See *Avrami Equation.*

Reactive Synthesis.

Rearrangement Kinetics in Liquid-phase Sintering.

Recalescence Temperature.

**S**

Saddle-surface Stressâ??See *Neck-curvature Stress.*

Scherrer Formula.

Screen Sizesâ??See *Sieve Progression.*

Secondary Dendrite-Arm Spacing.

Secondary Recrystallizationâ??See *Abnormal Grain Growth.*

Second-stage Liquid-phase Sintering Modelâ??See *Intermediate-stage Liquid-phase Sintering Model.*

Second-stage Sintering Densificationâ??See *Intermediate-stage Sintering-density Model.*

Second-stage Sintering Pore Eliminationâ??See *Intermediate-stage Pore Elimination.*

Second-stage Sintering Surface-area Reductionâ??See *Intermediate-stage Surface-area Reduction.*

Sedimentation Particle-size Analysisâ??See *Stokesâ?? Law Particle-size Analysis.*

**T**

Tap Densityâ??See *Vibration-induced Particle Packing*.

Temperature Adjustments for Equivalent Sintering.

Temperature Dependenceâ??See *Arrhenius Relation.*

Terminal Densityâ??See *Final-stage Sintering Limited Density.*

Terminal Neck Sizeâ??See *Neck Growth Limited by Grain Growth.*

Terminal Neck Size in Sinteringâ??See *Limiting Neck Size.*

Terminal Pore Sizeâ??See *Final-stage Pore Size*.

Terminal Settling Velocityâ??See *Stokesâ?? Law*.

Terminal Sinteringâ??See *Trapped-gas Pore Stabilization*.

Terminal Velocityâ??See *Acceleration of Free-settling Particles*.

**U**

Ultrasonic Velocity.

**V**

Vacancy Concentration Dependence on Surface Curvature.

Vacancy Diffusion.

Vacuum Debindingâ??See *Vacuum Thermal Debinding.*

Vacuum Distillation Rate.

Vacuum Flux in Sintering.

Vacuum Thermal Debinding.

Vapor Mean Free Path.

Vapor Pressure.

Vibration-induced Particle Packing.

Vickers Hardness Number.

**W**

Washburn Equation.

Water-atomization Particle Size.

Water Immersion Densityâ??See Archimedes Density.

Weber Number.

Weibull Distribution.

Wetting Angle.

Wicking.

Work Hardeningâ??See *Strain Hardening.*

Work of Sinteringâ??See *Master Sintering Curve.*

**X**

X-ray Line Broadeningâ??See *Scherrer Formula.*

**Y**

Yield Strength in Viscous Flowâ??See *Bingham Viscous-flow Model.*

Yield Strength of Particleâ??Polymer Feedstock

Youngâ??s Equationâ??See *Contact Angle and Wetting Angle.*

Youngâ??s Modulusâ??See *Elastic Modulus.*

**Z**

Zener Relation.

Zeta Potential.

Appendix.

References.