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Handbook of Optical Systems, Volume 1: Fundamentals of Technical Optics

Handbook of Optical Systems, Volume 1: Fundamentals of Technical Optics

Herbert Gross (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-69922-3 September 2015 848 Pages

O-Book
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Description

The state-of-the-art full-colored handbook gives a comprehensive introduction to the principles and the practice of calculation, layout, and understanding of optical systems and lens design. Written by reputed industrial experts in the field, this text introduces the user to the basic properties of optical systems, aberration theory, classification and characterization of systems, advanced simulation models, measuring of system quality and manufacturing issues.

In this Volume

Volume 1 gives a general introduction to the field of technical optics. Although part of the series, it acts as a fully selfstanding book. With more than 700 full color graphs and it is a intuitive introduction for the beginner and a comprehensive reference for the professional.

Table of Contents

 1 Introduction
 2 Paraxial optics
 3 Dielectric interfaces
 4 Materials
 5 Raytracing
 6 Photometry
 7 Lightsources
 8 Sensors and receivers
 9 Theory of color
 10 Optical systems
 11 Aberrations
 12 Waveoptics
 13 Plates and prisms
 14 Gratings
 15 Special components
 16 Testing

Other Volumes

Volume 2: Physical Image Formation
Volume 3: Aberration Theory and Correction of Optical Systems
Volume 4: Survey of Optical Instruments
Volume 5: Advanced Physical Optics

Preface.
1 Introduction.
2 Paraxial Imaging.
2.1 General Remarks.
2.2 Single Surface.
2.3 Single Lens.
2.4 Multiple-component Systems.
2.5 Invariants.
2.6 Matrix Calculus.
2.7 Matrices Describing a More General Geometry.
2.8 Literature.
3 Interfaces.
3.1 Basics.
3.2 The Fresnel Equations.
3.3 Polarization Effects at Interfaces.
3.4 Evanescent Waves.
3.5 Non-geometrical Effects at Reflection.
3.6 Absorbing Media.
3.7 Literature.
4 Materials.
4.1 Basics.
4.2 Dispersion.
4.3 Relative Partial Dispersion.
4.4 Transmission.
4.5 Glasses.
4.6 Crystals and Special Materials.
4.7 Plastics.
4.8 Gases.
4.9 Liquids and Cements.
4.10 Metals.
4.11 Literature.
5 Raytracing.
5.1 The Meaning of Raytracing.
5.2 Raytracing Scheme.
5.3 Raytracing Formula Sets.
5.4 Raytracing in Optical Systems.
5.5 Special Components.
5.6 Differential Rays.
5.7 Non-sequential Raytracing.
5.8 Literature.
6 Radiometry.
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 Lambertian Radiator.
6.3 Radiation Transfer.
6.4 Radiometry of Optical Systems.
6.5 Description of Radiation Transport in the Phase Space.
6.6 Literature.
7 Light Sources.
7.1 Introduction.
7.2 Thermal Radiators.
7.3 Classical Lamps.
7.4 Diodes.
7.5 Laser Light Sources.
7.6 Model Descriptions of Radiation Sources.
7.7 Literature.
8 Sensor Technology and Signal Processing.
8.1 Introduction.
8.2 Sensor Characteristics.
8.3 Special Types of Sensor.
8.4 Sampling.
8.5 Signal Processing.
8.6 Noise.
8.7 Special Methods of Detection.
8.8 Literature.
9 Theory of Color Vision.
9.1 Introduction.
9.2 Color Vision of the Human Eye.
9.3 Phenomenologcal Theory of Color Vision.
9.4 Colorimetry.
9.5 Color Triangle.
9.6 Alternative Basic Systems.
9.7 Literature.
10 Optical Systems.
10.1 Special Properties of Lenses.
10.2 Special Rays in Optical Systems.
10.3 Pupils.
10.4 Delano Diagram.
10.5 Special Aspects.
10.6 Literature.
11 Aberrations.
11.1 General Considerations.
11.2 Description of Aberrations.
11.3 Ray Aberrations.
11.4 The Sine Condition.
11.5 Wave Aberrations.
11.6 Spherical Aberration.
11.7 Astigmatism.
11.8 Field Curvature.
11.9 Coma.
11.10 Distortion.
11.11 Chromatic Longitudinal Aberrations.
11.12 Chromatic Transverse Aberrations.
11.13 Literature.
12 Wave Optics.
12.1 Basic Principles.
12.2 Point-spread Function.
12.3 Fourier Theory of Image Formation.
12.4 Transfer Functions.
12.5 Literature.
13 Plano-optical Components.
13.1 Plane-parallel plates.
13.2 Dispersion Prisms.
13.3 Reflection Prisms.
13.4 Construction Designs for Reflection Prisms.
13.5 Prism Systems.
13.6 Filters.
13.7 Literature.
14 Gratings.
14.1 Diffraction by a Slit.
14.2 Diffraction Gratings.
14.3 Blazed Gratings.
14.4 Fourier Theory of the Grating Diffraction.
14.5 Transmission Gratings.
14.6 Types of Grating.
14.7 Gratings in Image Formation Systems.
14.8 Diffraction by a Grating in the General Case.
14.9 Literature.
15 Special Components.
15.1 Aspherical Devices.
15.2 Gradient-index Lenses.
15.3 Diffusing Disks.
15.4 Cylinder Lenses.
15.5 Simple Cylinder Lenses.
15.6 Dynamic Light Modulators.
15.7 Fresnel Lenses.
15.8 Light Pipes.
15.9 Axicons.
15.10 Literature.
16 Optical Measurement and Testing Techniques.
16.1 Overview.
16.2 Measurement of the Focal Length.
16.3 Measurement of Angles.
16.4 Centering.
16.5 Measuring the Index of Refraction.
16.6 Surface-shape Measurement.
16.7 Testing of Surface Radii and Shapes.
16.8 Measuring Wavefronts.
16.9 Measurement of the Optical Transfer Function.
16.10 Beam-quality Measurement.
16.11 Coherence Measurement.
16.12 Polarization Measurement.
16.13 Stray-light Measurement.
16.14 Color Measurement.
16.15 Literature. Index.
"... the first of a six-volume series intended to provide a comprehensive understanding of the principles governing the design and simulation of optical systems ... recommended."
CHOICE

"...a compendium of information that would be of interest to optical engineering, physicists and others."
American Reference Books Annual

"The first two out of six volumes of the series Handbook of optical systems comes with more than 800 fullcoloured illustrations and images for an easy understanding of complex optical systems. [...] This series can be used by professionals as a comprehensive reference as well as an introduction for beginners in technicaloptics."
Colloid Polym Sci