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High Energy Materials: Propellants, Explosives and Pyrotechnics

High Energy Materials: Propellants, Explosives and Pyrotechnics

Jai Prakash Agrawal

ISBN: 978-3-527-62880-3

Mar 2010

498 pages

Description

Authored by an insider with over 40 years of high energy materials (HEMs) experience in academia, industry and defense organizations, this handbook and ready reference covers all important HEMs from the 1950s to the present with their respective properties and intended purposes.
Written at an attainable level for professionals, engineers and technicians alike, the book provides a comprehensive view of the current status and suggests further directions for research and development. An introductory chapter on the chemical and thermodynamic basics allows the reader to become acquainted with the fundamental features of explosives, before moving on to the important safety aspects in processing, handling, transportation and storage of high energy materials.
With its collation of results and formulation strategies hitherto scattered in the literature, this should be on the shelf of every HEM researcher and developer.
Preface
SALIENT FEATURES OF EXPLOSIVES
Introduction
Definition
Classification
Fundamental Features
Additional Requirements for Military Explosives
Applications of Explosives
STATUS OF EXPLOSIVES
Historical Aspects
Status of Current and Future Explosives
Future Scope for Research
PROCESSING AND ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES FOR EXPLOSIVES
Processing Techniques for Explosives
Formulation Fundamentals
Assessment of Explosives
PROPELLANTS
Classification of Propellants
Liquid Propellants
Solid Propellants
Hybrid Propellants
Thixotropic Propellants
Performance of Propellants
Formulation of Gun Propellants
Ingredients of Gun Propellants
Ingredients of Solid Rocket Propellants
Inhibition of Rocket Propoellants
Insulation of Rocket Motors
PYROTECHNICS
Introduction
General Features of Pyrotechnics
Ingredients of Pyrotechnic Formulations
Important Characteristics of Ingredients for Pyrotechnic Formulations
Types of Pyrotechnic Formulations
Performance Assessment of Pyrotechnic Formulations
Life of Ammunition with Pyrotechnic Devices
Nanomaterials: Various Aspects and Use in HEM Formulations
Recent and Future Trends in Pyrotechnics
EXPLOSIVE AND CHEMICAL SAFETY
Safety
Explosive Safety
Fire Safety
Safety Aspects for Transportation of Explosives and Ammunition
Safety Aspects for Storage of Explosives and Ammunition
Safety Aspects for Handling of Explosives and Ammunition
Static Electricity Hazards
Extremely Insensitive Detonating Substances and Ammunition
Hazard and Risk Analysis
Chemical Safety
Prevention and Elimination of Explosions, Accidents and Fires
"This book is an excellent overview of the field of energetic materials, well structured in terms of materials and applications." (Chemistry World, December 2010)

"I can visualize the magnitude of work and efforts put in this assignment from the quantum of information packed in this book. Indeed this book is going to be a very good guidebook for the professionals dealing with high energy materials and a milestone in the literature on explosives, propellants and pyrotechnics. I am sure that the wealth of information along with a large number of bibliographic references provided in this book will prove to be a goldmine for researchers working in this area. The eminent author, Dr. Jai Prakash Agrawal deserves kudos and appreciation from the entire HEMs community for his valuable contribution to the world of explosive's literature." (Institute of Energetic Materials, 1 November 2010)

"The work is clearly and appropriately divided into six chapters, and leads the reader through almost every aspect of high-energy materials. It is written in a way that is also understandable for readers other than chemists." (Angewandte Chemie, 2010)