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Horticultural Reviews, Volume 42

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-91680-3 July 2014 Wiley-Blackwell 504 Pages


Horticultural Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on topics in horticultural science and technology covering both basic and applied research. Topics covered include the horticulture of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamentals. These review articles, written by world authorities, bridge the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of horticultural scientists and teachers.
Contributors ix

Dedication: Pinhas Spiegel-Roy xiii
Eliezer E. Goldschmidt

1. Ornamental Palms: Biology and Horticulture 1
T.K. Broschat, D.R. Hodel, and M.L. Elliott

I. Introduction 3

II. Palm Biology 14

III. Palm Production 26

IV. Landscape Management 49

V. Interiorscape Management 61

VI. Palm Problems 66

Literature Cited 95

2. Nitric Oxide Applications for Quality Enhancement of Horticulture Produce 121
Girigowda Manjunatha, Veeresh Lokesh, Bhagyalakshmi Neelwarne, Zora Singh, and Kapuganti J. Gupta

I. Introduction 124

II. Nitric Oxide Chemistry and Biology 126

III. Nitric Oxide Effects on Postharvest Quality 131

IV. Nitric Oxide and Plant Hormones Cross Talk 135

V. Nitric Oxide in Disease Resistance 144

VI. Conclusions 146

Acknowledgments 147

Literature Cited 147

3. Molecular Regulation of Storage Root Formation and Development in Sweet Potato 157
V. Ravi, S.K. Chakrabarti, T. Makeshkumar, and R. Saravanan

I. Introduction 158

II. Root System 161

III. Endogenous Growth Regulators Affecting Storage Root Formation and Development 163

IV. Storage Root Development 168

V. Gene Expression During Storage Root Formation and Development 169

VI. Conclusions and Prospects 187

Literature Cited 191

4. Foliar Anthocyanins: A Horticultural Review 209
Jennifer K. Boldt, Mary H. Meyer, and John E. Erwin

I. Introduction 210

II. Coloration in Horticultural Crops 211

III. Anthocyanins in Flowers and Fruits 214

IV. Foliar Anthocyanins 215

V. Anthocyanin Biosynthesis and Regulation 217

VI. Environmental Factors and Anthocyanin Accumulation 222

VII. Physiological Functions in Leaves 228

VIII. Anthocyanins Affect Leaf Photosynthetic Rate 236

IX. Future Research 237

Literature Cited 239

5. Variability in Size and Soluble Solids Concentration in Peaches and Nectarines 253
John Lopresti, Ian Goodwin, Barry McGlasson, Paul Holford, and John Golding

I. Introduction 255

II. Environment and Tree Management Effects on Variation in Fruit Size and Soluble Solids 257

III. Fruit Sink Strength and Dry Matter Accumulation 271

IV. Flesh Anatomy, Fruit Size and Soluble Solids 284

V. Conclusions 294

Acknowledgments 299

Literature Cited 299

6. Physiological Disorders of Mango Fruit 313
S. Shivashankar

I. Introduction 314

II. Physiological Disorders 316

III. Storage Disorders 335

IV. Future Research Needs 338

Acknowledgments 341

Literature Cited 341

7. Fusarium Wilt of Watermelon: 120 Years of Research 349
Ray D. Martyn

I. Introduction 351

II. Physiological Specilaization in F. oxysporum 355

III. Effects of Inoculum and Root-Knot Nematodes on Wilt Resistance 370

IV. Infection, Colonization, and Survival 374

V. Management of Fusarium Wilt 389

VI. Concluding Remarks 418

Literature Cited 420

Subject Index 443

Cumulative Subject Index 445

Cumulative Contributor Index 479