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Horticultural Reviews, Volume 8



Horticultural Reviews, Volume 8

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-06093-3 January 2011 406 Pages

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Horticultural Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on topics in horticultural science and technology covering both basic and applied research. Topics covered include the horticulture of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamentals. These review articles, written by world authorities, bridge the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of horticultural scientists and teachers.

Contributors ix

Dedication xi

1 Gaseous Air Pollution and Horticultural Crop Production
Douglas P. Ormrod

I. Introduction 2

II. Plant Responses 6

III. Genetic and Plant Factors Affecting Sensitivity 16

IV. Environmental Factors Affecting Sensitivity 20

V. Interactions among Gaseous Air Pollutants 23

VI. Combined Effects with Other Stresses 25

VII. Protection against Injury 26

VIII. Volatile Pesticides as Gaseous Air Pollutants 30

IX. Acidic Precipitation-A By-product of Gaseous Air Pollution 30

X. Research Methodology and Data Interpretation 33

XI. Conclusions 35

Literature Cited 36

2 Edible Aroids: Botany and Horticulture 43
Stephen K. O'Hair and Madhevan P. Asokan

I. Botany 43

II. Production 58

III. Utilization 78

Literature Cited 89

3 The Effect of Controlled-Atmosphere Storage on the Sensory and Nutritional Quality of Fruits and Vegetables 101
J. Weichmann

I. Introduction 101

II. Sensory Qualities 102

III. Nutritional Quality 108

IV. Physiological Basis of Nutritional Quality Changes 118

Literature Cited 120

4 The Navel Orange 130
Frederick S. Davies

I. Introduction 130

II. World Production 131

III. Morphology and Anatomy 132

IV. Effects of Climate 138

V. Fruit Set 140

VI. Fruit Drop 147

VII. Mutations and Cultivars 150

VIII. Planting Density and Rootstocks 156

IX. Cultural Practices 161

X. Postharvest Physiology and Fruit Quality 166

XI. Conclusions 172

Literature Cited 173

5 Nitrogen Metabolism and Utilization in Citrus 181
Tadashi Kato

I. Introduction 181

II. Nitrogen Uptake and Nutrition 182

III. Nitrogen Assimilation 187

IV. Translocation of Nitrogen Compounds 193

V. Storage Nitrogen 196

VI. Nitrogen Metabolism at Low Temperatures 203

VII. Diagnosis of Nitrogen Status 204

VIII. Conclusions 206

Literature Cited 207

6 Flowering in Pecan 217
Hazel Y. Wetzstein and Darrell Sparks

I. Introduction 217

II. Crop Biology 218

III. Staminate Flower 223

IV. Pistillate Flower 236

V. Dichogamy 243

VI. Abnormal Flowering 245

VII. Factors Influencing Flowering 245

VIII. Summary 250

Literature Cited 251

7 Avocado Flowering 257
T. L. Davenport

I. Introduction 257

II. Floral Biology 258

III. Pollination 272

IV. Conclusions 283

Literature Cited 284

8 Chestnut Blight and Its Control 291
Gary J. Griffin

I. Introduction 291

II. Hypovirulence in Endothia parasitica 299

III. Blight Control with Hypovirulence 310

IV. Blight Resistance 313

V. Blight Control with Resistance 318

VI. Other Blight Control Methods 321

VII. Influence of Environmental and Cultural Conditions 324

VIII. Summary 328

Literature Cited 329

9 Physiological Responses of Fruit Trees to Pruning 339
A. Mika

I. Introduction 339

II. Historical Review 340

III. Shoot Growth 342

IV. Growth Correlations and Apical Dominance 347

V. Mineral Content of Leaves and Fruit 349

VI. Foliage Area, Photosynthesis, and Respiration 350

VII. Carbohydrate Reserves 353

VIII. Hormonal Patterns 354

IX. Water Supply to Shoots, Leaves, and Fruits 356

X. Cold Hardiness 356

XI. Tree Health 358

XII. Flower Bud Formation and Fruiting Potential 359

XIII. Fruit Setting 362

XIV. Yield and Bearing Regularity 363

XV. Fruit Quality 365

XVI. Summary 367

Literature Cited 369

Subject Index 379

Cumulative Subject Index 381

Cumulative Contributor Index 391