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Hurricane!: Coping with Disaster: Progress and Challenges Since Galveston, 1900

Hurricane!: Coping with Disaster: Progress and Challenges Since Galveston, 1900

Robert Simpson (Editor), Richard Anthes (Co-Editor), Michael Garstan (Co-Editor), Joanne Simpson (Assistant Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66534-3 March 2013 American Geophysical Union 360 Pages


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Special Publications Series.

Hurricane research implicates something more than science. It is the key to saving lives and mitigating economic damage. From the Galveston catastrophe of 1900, where more than 8,000 people died, to the economic devastation wrought by Hurricane Andrew in 1992 in the United States, scientists have striven to understand and track hurricanes while charting their societal effects. Hurricane! Coping with Disaster tells the dramatic history of that effort by leading meteorologists—the men and women who brought hurricane science into the 21st century, and those who sustain it today. for readers everywhere interested in climatology, hurricane research, the historical background, and more.

Foreword  v

Preface vii

Part I. Struggles to Understand and Track Hurricanes

Introductory Comments

Chapter 1 Twentieth Century Challenges and Milestones
William M. Gray  3

Chapter 2 Impact of Technologiesfr om Two World Wars
Edward N. Rappaport and Robert H. Simpson 39

Chapter 3 Hurricane Surveillance by Specially Instrumented Aircraft
Robert C. Sheets 63

Chapter 4 Evolution of Prediction Models
Mark DeMaria and James M. Gross 103

Part II. Societal and Economic Challenges

Introductory Comments 127

Chapter 5 The Great Galveston Hurricane of 1900
Neil L. Frank 129

Chapter 6 Social Choice in Dealing with Hurricanes
Mary Frances Myers and Gilbert F. White 141

Chapter7 CommunicatingD amage Potentialsa nd Minimizing Hurricane Damage
Herbert S. Saffir 155

Chapter 8 Reducing Vulnerability
Roger A. Pielke., Jr.  165

PART lll. Potential Impact of Science and Technology, Present and Future

Introductory Comments 175

Chapter 9 A Century of Scientific Progress An Evaluation
Kerry Emanuel 177

Chapter 10 A Century of Progressin Tracking and Warning
Improvements in Observations, Models, and Forecasts
H. E. Willoughby 205

Chapter 11 The Burgeoning Role of Weather Satellites
C. Velden, J. Simpson, W. Timothy Liu, J. Hawkins, K. Brueske, and R. Anthes 217

Chapter 12 Present Day Satellite Technology for Hurricane Research
A Closer Look at Formation and Intensification
E. A. Ritchie, J. Simpson, W.T Liu, J. Halverson, C. Velden, K.F. Brueske, and H. Pierce 249

Chapter 13 Continuous Monitoring of the Hurricane Core
Availability of New Long-Endurance Small Drone Aircraft
Greg Tyrrell and Greg Holland 291

Chapter 14 Hurricane Upper Level Wind Measurements
Applications of Doppler Lidar
G. David Emmitt 305

Chapter 15 A Century After Galveston, 1900
A Personal Perspective and Outlook
Greg Holland 317

Appendices Recommended Further Reading 335

Acronyms and Abbreviations 336

Brief Meteorological Glossary 339

Index  351