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Hydrodynamics and Sediment Dynamics of Tidal Inlets

Hydrodynamics and Sediment Dynamics of Tidal Inlets

David G. Aubrey (Editor), Lee Weishar (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66924-2

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

456 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series, Volume 29.

Along the majority of the coastline of the United States and much of the shoreline of the world, tidal inlets play an important role in nearshore processes. Tidal inlets provide the link between the coastal oceans and the protected embayments behind them, exchanging water, sediments, nutrients, planktonic organisms, and pollutants between them. Because they interrupt the continuity of shoreline processes, inlets play a major role in sediment budgets and shoreline erosion. In addition, these tidal inlets are critical resources because they are the interfaces for the world's coasts; proper management of these features is essential to preserve the delicate equilibrium of the open shorelines and protected bays. When new inlets form or old inlets close off, significant environmental hazards may be posed. Inlets prone to closure limit the exchange of oxygen and nutrients between the ocean and embayment, resulting in a degradation in water quality. When a new inlet forms, drastic changes in shoreline configuration often result, an excellent example of which was the formation in January, 1987, of a new inlet at Chatham, Massachusetts, which resulted in a reorientation of the inner and outer coasts of the embayment with consequent economic impacts (see Giese, this volume). The behavior of these highly ephemeral inlets can have dramatic environmental, social, and economic impacts.

Preface

I Mathematical Modeling of Tidal Inlet Hydrodynamics

Hydrodynamics of Tidal Inlets
J. van de Kreeke  1

The Override and Filtering Response of Small Inlet/Bay Systems
Joseph L. DiLorenzo  24

Development and Application of Coastal and Inlet Processes Modeling System
S. Rao Vemulakonda, James R. Houston and Abhimanyu Swain  54

Effects of Man-Made Channels on Estuaries: An Example, Apalachicola Bay, Florida
Donald C. Raney  71

Port of Miami Inlet Dynamics
A. Swain  88

II Observations of Tidal Inlet Hydrodynamics

Seasonal Climatology of Tidal Non-Linearities in a Shallow Estuary
David G. Aubrey and Carl T. Friedrichs  103

Temporal Variation of Shallow-Water Tides in Basin-Inlet Systems
John D. Boon  125

Small-Scale Inlets as Tidal Filters
John A. Moody  137

Enhancement of Semidiurnal Tidal Currents in the Tidal Inlets to Mississippi Sound
Harvey E. Seim and James E. Sneed  157

DARTS (Digital Automated Radar Tracking System) Application to Tidal Inlet Hydrodynamic Studies
G. A. Meadows, L. A. Meadows, L. L. Weishar and M. L. Fields  169

III Sediment Dynamics and Morphology of Tidal Inlets

Shoreline Erosional-Depositional Processes Associated with Tidal Inlets
Duncan M. FitzGerald  186

Stability of Tidal Inlet Navigation Channels and Adjacent Dredge Spoil Islands
Georges Drapeau  226

Observations of Suspended Sediment Flux Over a Tidal Cycle in the Region of the Turbidity Maximum
of the Upper St. Lawrence River Estuary
P. F. Hamblin, K. R. Lum, M. E. Comba and K. L. E. Kaiser  245

An Ephemeral Inlet from the Virginia Barrier Island Chain: Stratigraphic Sequence and Preservational
Potential of Infilled Sediments
Kenneth Finkelstein  257

Cyclical Behavior of the Tidal Inlet at Nauset Beach, Chatham, Massachusetts
Graham S. Giese  269

IV Sediment Dynamics and Morphology of Tidal Deltas

Sediment Trapping at Florida's East Coast Inlets
James N. Marino and Ashish J. Mehta  284

Processes of Sediment Exchange Between Tidal Inlets, Ebb Deltas and Barrier Islands
G. F. Oertel  297

Inlet Flood Tidal Delta Development Through Sediment Transport Processes
Donald K. Stauble, Steven L. Da Costa, Karen L. Monroe and Virender K. Bhogal  319

Ebb-Tidal Delta Dynamics for a Tide-Dominated Barrier Island
William J. Reynolds  348

Ebb-Tidal Delta Response to Jetty Construction at Three South Carolina Inlets
Mark Hansen and Stephen C. Knowles  364

Evolution of an Ebb-Tidal Delta After an Inlet Relocation
Timothy W. Kana and James E. Mason  382

V Management/Policy

Sediment Interaction at Modified Coastal Inlets: Processes and Policies
R.G. Dean  412

Effects of Shore Protection and Dredging Projects on Beach Configuration Near Unjettied Tidal Inlets in New Jersey
Karl F. Nordstrom  440