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I.C.U. Chest Radiology: Principles and Case Studies



I.C.U. Chest Radiology: Principles and Case Studies

Harold Moskowitz

ISBN: 978-1-118-21123-6 September 2011 Wiley-Blackwell 208 Pages

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A practical, highly useful guide to the principles of I.C.U. chest radiology, complete with case studies and radiographs on website

For critically ill patients in a hospital's I.C.U., a portable chest radiograph is the most helpful, and most commonly used, x-ray examination. Cardiopulmonary complications and the malposition of lines, tubes, and catheters are often initially detected on a portable chest film. It is essential for hospital personnel to know how to approach and read these films, and yet little attention has been paid to teaching the accurate evaluation of this crucial diagnostic tool.

The first book in more than a decade to specifically address this topic, I.C.U. Chest Radiology is an authoritative and concise guide to interpreting portable chest film; identifying and correcting any abnormal positions in the various devices inserted into the vascular and respiratory systems; and diagnosing abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary system. Radiology expert Dr. Harold Moskowitz outlines his approach and philosophy toward x-ray interpretation of the I.C.U. patient—one that can be used daily and in any I.C.U. setting.

Divided into ten straightforward chapters, the book begins with a discussion of the physics necessary to obtain a proper film and moves on to the more clinical problems encountered each day in the I.C.U.—such as airspace disease, barotrauma, pneumonia, congestive failure, and malalignment of tubes and lines. Throughout, Moskowitz points out specific findings that can often make a difference in a patient's management. Supporting these detailed chapters is a website featuring real-life case studies and radiographic images that simulate common problems in the I.C.U. This is a unique way for readers to prepare to handle the all-too-common scenario: the 2:00 a.m. call from an I.C.U. nurse that a patient has "crashed" and needs attention. Using knowledge gleaned from the chapters, the reader is encouraged to study the radiograph in each case, identify the various problems, determine the clinical condition that caused deterioration in the patient, and plan a course of action. Readers can test themselves with the cases and then listen as Moskowitz discusses the pertinent findings on the film.

I.C.U. Chest Radiology is essential reading for those who work in or are associated with I.C.U.s—radiologists, intensivists, hospitalists, emergency room physicians, residents, medical students, physician assistants, respiratory therapists, and nurses. It will also be a valuable guide for personnel who work in step down units and emergency rooms.

Foreword vii

Preface xi

Section I: Principles 1

1 Introduction 3

2 Portable Chest Technique in The ICU 5

3 Approach to Reading a Portable Chest Radiograph 15

4 Tubes, Lines, and Catheters 20

5 Barotrauma 46

6 Pneumonia and Other Air Space Diseases 57

7 Pulmonary Edema 69

8 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome 80

9 Pulmonary Embolis 86

10 Atelectasis and Collapse 90

Bibliography 97

Section II: Case Studies* 107

Tubes, Lines, and Catheters 109

Barotrauma 126

Pneumonia 134

Nodular Pneumonia 143

Pulmonary Edema 145

Ards 152

Pulmonary Embolus 159

Atelectasis and Collapse 161

Index 171

"This handsome book of approximately 180 pages is divided into two sections . . . This is a readable collection of pearls for critical care providers." (Doody's, 16 September 2011)