Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres: Structure, Properties and Technical Applications
DescriptionNatural fibres are becoming increasingly popular for use in industrial applications, providing sustainable solutions to support technical innovation. These versatile, natural based materials have applications in a wide range of industries, from textiles and consumer products to the automotive and construction industries.
Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres examines the different steps of processing, from natural generation, fibre separation and fibre processing, to the manufacturing of the final product. Each step is linked to fibre properties and characterization, highlighting how different fibres influence the product properties through a discussion of their chemical and structural qualities.
Considering the value-added chain from natural generation to final product, with emphasis on quality management, this book reviews the current research and technical applications of natural fibres.
Topics covered include:
- Introduction to the Chemistry and Biology of Natural Fibres
- Economic Aspects of Natural Fibres
- Vegetable Fibres
- Animal Fibres
- Testing and Quality Management
- Applications: Current and Potential
Industrial Application of Natural Fibres will be a valuable resource for scientists in industry and academia interested in the development of natural based materials and products. It is particularly relevant for those working in chemical engineering, sustainable chemistry, agricultural sciences, biology and materials sciences.
List of Contributors.
List of Illustrators.
PART I BACKGROUND.
1 Historic Usage and Preservation of Cultural Heritage (Fenella G. France).
2 What Are Natural Fibres?
2.1 Chemistry of Plant Fibres (Danny E. Akin).
2.2 Natural Fibres – Function in Nature (Michaela Eder and Ingo Burgert).
2.3 Types of Fibre (Jörg Müssig and Tanja Slootmaker).
3 Economic Aspects.
3.1 Grades and Standards (Axel Drieling and Jörg Müssig).
3.2 Technical Applications of Natural Fibres: An Overview (Nina Graupner and Jörg Müssig).
3.3 Natural Fibres in Technical Applications: Market and Trends (Stephan Piotrowski and Michael Carus).
PART II VEGETABLE FIBRES.
4 Flax – Structure, Chemistry, Retting and Processing (Danny E. Akin).
5 Hemp – Cultivation, Extraction and Processing (Stefano Amaducci and Hans-Jörg Gusovius).
6 Jute – A Versatile Natural Fibre. Cultivation, Extraction and Processing (Md. Siddiqur Rahmani).
7 Abacá – Cultivation, Extraction and Processing (Friedhelm Göltenboth and Werner Mühlbaueri).
8 Sisal – Cultivation, Processing and Products (Rajesh D. Anandjiwala and Maya Johni).
9 Coir – Coconut Cultivation, Extraction and Processing of Coir (Chitrangani Jayasekara and Nalinie Amarasinghe).
10 Cotton Production and Processing (Muhammed Rafiq Chaudhry).
PART III ANIMAL FIBRES.
11 Mulberry Silk, Spider Dragline and Recombinant Silks (Anja Glišović and Fritz Vollrath).
12 Wool – Structure, Mechanical Properties and Technical Products based on Animal Fibres (Crisan Popescu and Franz-Josef Wortmann).
PART IV TESTING AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT.
13 Testing Methods for Measuring Physical and Mechanical Fibre Properties (Plant and Animal Fibres) (Jörg Müssig, Holger Fischer, Nina Graupner and Axel Drieling).
14 SEM Catalogue for Animal and Plant Fibres (Tanja Slootmaker and Jörg Müssig).
15 Combined (In Situ) Methods (Ingo Burgert and Michaela Eder).
16 DNA-Analytical Identification of Species and Genetic Modifications in Natural Fibres (Lothar Kruse).
17 Cotton/Worldwide Harmonisation (Axel Drieling and Jean-Paul Gourlot).
18 Flax – ASTM Standardisation and Harmonisation (Danny E. Akin).
PART V APPLICATIONS: CURRENT AND POTENTIAL.
19.1 Historical, Contemporary and Future Applications (Tuomas Hänninen and Mark Hughes).
19.2 Design, Material Properties and Databases (Erwin Baur and Frank Otremba).
19.3 Natural Fibre Composite Processing: A Technical Overview (Tim Huber, Nina Graupner and Jörg Müssig ).
19.4 Natural Fibre-Reinforced Polymers in Automotive Interior Applications (Eugen Prömper).
19.5 Composites Based on Natural Resources (Martien van den Oever and Harriëtte Bos).
19.6 Cellulose Nanocomposites (Sanchita Bandyopadhyay-Ghosh, Subrata Bandhu Ghosh and Mohini Sain).
20 Insulation Materials Based on Natural Fibres (Franz Neubauer).
21 Natural Fibres in Geotextiles for Soil Protection and Erosion Control (Gero Leson, Michael V. Harding, and Klaus Dippon).
“The book offers comprehensive information on natural fibres including many aspects of the value-added chain from plant cultivation to the final technical application . . . It is therefore suitable to serve as a basis for teaching or as a reference book also for undergraduate and graduate students in several fields of studies, e.g. material sciences, engineering, agricultural sciences and resource management.” (Journal of Cleaner Production, 1 May 2015)