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Integrating Innovation in Architecture: Design, Methods and Technology for Progressive Practice and Research

Integrating Innovation in Architecture: Design, Methods and Technology for Progressive Practice and Research

Ajla Aksamija

ISBN: 978-1-119-16481-4

Dec 2016

264 pages

$48.99

Description

Today’s design professionals are faced with challenges on all fronts. They need not only to keep in step with rapid technological changes and the current revolution in design and construction processes, but to lead the industry. This means actively seeking to innovate through design research, raising the bar in building performance and adopting advanced technologies in their practice. In a constant drive to improve design processes and services, how is it possible to implement innovations? And, moreover, to assimilate them in such a way that design, methods and technologies remain fully integrated?

Focusing on innovations in architecture, this book covers new materials and design methods, advances in computational design practices, innovations in building technologies and construction techniques, and the integration of research with design. Moreover, it discusses strategies for integrating innovation into design practices, risks and economic impacts. Through numerous case studies, it illustrates how innovations have been implemented on actual architectural projects, and how design and technical innovations are used to improve building performance, as well as design practices in cutting-edge architectural and engineering firms.

Projects of all scales and building types are discussed in the book, ranging from small-scale installations, academic and commercial buildings to large-scale mixed-use, healthcare, civic, academic, scientific research and sports facilities. Work from design firms around the globe and of various scales is discussed in the book, including for example Asymptote Architecture, cepezed, CO Architects, Consarc Architects, FAAB Architektura, Gerber Architekten, HOK, IDOM-ACXT, MAD Architects, Morphosis Architects, SDA | Synthesis Design + Architecture, Studiotrope, Perkins+Will, Richter Dahl Rocha & Associés, Snøhetta, Rob Ley Studio, Trahan Architects, UNStudio and Zaha Hadid Architects, among many others.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 7

FOREWORD 9-11 by Phil Harrison

INTRODUCTION INNOVATION IN ARCHITECTURE (WHAT, WHY AND HOW) 12-19

What is innovation? 13

Why innovate in architectural design? 16

How to innovate in architecture? 17

1 INNOVATIVE MATERIALS 20-59

Advances in concrete 23

Advances in glass 27

Advances in metals 37

Biomaterials 39

Composite materials 41

Electrochromics 45

Shape-memory alloys 45

Self-healing materials 47

Sensors and controls 48

Phase-change materials 49

Photovoltaics 51

Thermoelectrics 55

Conclusion: the impacts of advanced and smart materials on architectural design 57

2 INNOVATIONS IN COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN 60-127

Advances in computational design 63

Tools and methods 77

BIM in design 88

BIM in virtual construction 91

BIM in facility management 95

Environmental simulations and energy analysis 98

Structural analysis 101

CFD analysis 105

Digital fabrication and methods 111

Design to fabrication 121

Conclusion: the integration of advanced computational technologies with design and research 125

3 TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS 128-169

Advances in facade systems 131

Advances in HVAC systems 135

Advances in lighting 145

Building automation systems 151

Prefabrication and modular construction 156

Automation in construction 159

Robotics in construction 162

Smart and responsive buildings 163

Conclusion: the integration of advanced technologies in design and construction 167

4 INNOVATIONS IN THE DESIGN PROCESS AND ARCHITECTURAL PRACTICE 170-183

Motives and goals for innovation 171

Organisation and roles 172

Integration of research and design practice 174

Research methods for innovation 176

Financial factors and investments for innovation 177

Value of innovation 179

Innovations in project delivery 179

Risk management in innovative design practice 181

Conclusion: strategies for integrating innovation 183

5 BUILDING INTEGRATED INNOVATIONS AND METHODS (CASE STUDIES) 184-245

Center for Design Research, University of Kansas 187

Umwelt Arena 191

King Fahad National Library 199

Hanjie Wanda Square 205

Collaborative Life Sciences Building and Skourtes Tower 211

Shanghai Natural History Museum 219

The Yas Hotel 229

Health Sciences Education Building, Phoenix Biomedical Campus 233

Conclusion: lessons learned from case studies 243

FUTURE OUTLOOKS: CONCLUDING REMARKS 246-249

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY 250-253

APPENDIX: CASE STUDIES INDEX 254-259

INDEX 260-264