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Interactive Approach to Writing Essays and Research Reports in Psychology, 4th Edition

Interactive Approach to Writing Essays and Research Reports in Psychology, 4th Edition

Lorelle J. Burton

ISBN: 978-0-730-35978-4

Feb 2018

Select type: E-Book

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Description

Fully updated to reflect the latest 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual,  An Interactive Approach to Writing Essays and Research Reports in Psychology, 4th Edition is a writing guide that offers students an engaging, accessible introduction to the conventions of writing in the psychology discipline. Its straightforward, user-friendly style provides a thorough overview and is most suited for undergraduate students taking an introductory psychology course at university. The 4th edition contains an enhanced coverage of web research and writing and contains a new chapter on Qualitative Research.

This new edition is written by the leading Psychology author and Teaching and Learning expert Lorelle Burton. It is a perfect companion to Psychology, Australian and New Zealand Edition, the author’s best selling undergraduate Introductory Psychology text in the market.

About the author vi

Acknowledgements vii

CHAPTER 1 Where to begin 1

1.1 Introduction to APA style 2

Why research is reported 2

1.2 Essays versus research reports 3

Structure of an essay 3

Sections of a research report 3

1.3 Finding the right information 4

Searching the literature 4

Using the library 5

Using the internet 6

Evaluating the quality of information

on the internet 8

1.4 Reviewing the literature 9

Reading articles 9

Note taking 9

1.5 Academic integrity 10

Plagiarism 10

Collusion 12

Checklist 13

Key terms 13

Internet activity 14

Applied activity 14

Acknowledgements 14

CHAPTER 2 Writing in APA style 15

2.1 Learning the mechanics of

APA editorial style 16

Punctuation 16

Spelling 20

Capitalisation 20

Abbreviations and acronyms 21

Headings 21

2.2 Point form or seriation 22

Anchors on a scale 23

2.3 Numbers 24

Footnotes 25

2.4 Writing clearly and concisely 26

Grammar 26

2.5 Choosing your words carefully 31

Avoiding jargon 31

Wordiness 31

Sentence and paragraph length 32

Using non?]discriminatory language 33

Checklist 34

Key terms 34

Review questions 35

Applied activity 36

Acknowledgements 36

CHAPTER 3 Critical thinking 37

3.1 Critical thinking 38

Scepticism 38

Objectivity 38

Open?]mindedness 38

3.2 Critically evaluating research 38

Interpret and evaluate the research

evidence 39

3.3 General tips on how to write

critically 44

Develop a balanced argument 44

Logical flow of argument 45

Checklist 46

Key terms 46

Applied activity 47

Internet activity 48

Acknowledgements 48

CHAPTER 4 Essays 49

4.1 Basic steps in essay writing 50

4.2 Identifying the essay topic 51

4.3 Sections of the essay 51

Title page 51

Abstract 53

Introduction 53

The essay body 54

Conclusion 56

Reference list 56

Word limit 57

Checklist 58

Key terms 59

Applied activity 59

Acknowledgements 59

Appendix A: Bad essay example 60

Appendix B: Good essay example 64

CHAPTER 5 Quantitative research reports 73

5.1 Writing a research report 74

5.2 Identifying the research topic 75

Quantitative research 75

Qualitative research 75

5.3 Parts of a quantitative research report 75

Title page 76

Abstract 76

Introduction 76

Hypotheses 77

Method 78

Results 80

Discussion 90

Reference list 91

Appendices 91

Word limit 92

Checklist 93

Key terms 95

Applied activity 95

Acknowledgements 95

Appendix A: Bad report example 96

Appendix B: Good report example 103

CHAPTER 6 Qualitative research reports 115

6.1 Qualitative research in psychology 116

6.2 The structure of a qualitative research report 116

Title page 117

Abstract 118

Introduction 118

Methodology 119

Data analysis 121

Analysis and Interpretation 121

6.3 Reflexivity and subjectivity in the analysis and interpretation section 124

Concluding your qualitative research report 124

References 125

Final word 125

Checklist 126

Key terms 127

Applied activity 128

Acknowledgements 128

Appendix A: Qualitative research report 1 example 129

Appendix B: Bad essay qualitative research report 2 example 142

CHAPTER 7 In?]text citations 153

7.1 Acknowledging other works 154

7.2 General forms for in?]text citations 154

Single author 154

Two authors 155

Three, four, or five authors 155

Same work in one paragraph 156

Six or more authors 156

Authors with the same surname 157

Multiple works by the same author 157

Same author and same year of publication 157

Two or more works within the same

parentheses 157

No publication date 157

Online media 158

Personal communications 158

Latin abbreviations 158

7.3 Quotations 159

Quotations of fewer than 40 words 159

Quotations of more than 40 words 159

Quotations from online documents and websites 160

7.4 Exceptions within the author–date method of citation 161

Use of ‘et al.’ 161

No individual author 161

Year and author integrated in text 162

Distinguishing between major and minor citations 162

Citing from online documents and websites 162

Errors in material being quoted 162

7.5 Citing a secondary source 163

Checklist 164

Key terms 165

Applied activities 165

Acknowledgements 166

CHAPTER 8 Reference list 167

8.1 Creating a reference list 168

8.2 APA reference style 168

8.3 General form of reference entries 168

Periodicals 169

Non?]periodicals 171

Electronic media 174

Other sources 178

8.4 Ordering the reference list 179

Special cases for ordering references 180

Checklist 181

Key terms 181

Internet activities 182

Applied activities 182

Acknowledgements 183

CHAPTER 9 How to end 184

9.1 Polishing your work 185

Revise and rewrite 185

Proofread 187

9.2 General tips for presentation 188

Typed or handwritten? 188

Font 188

Margins 188

Borders 188

Spacing 189

Paragraph indents 189

Justification 189

Starting on a new page 189

Ordering the pages 189

Length 189

9.3 Submitting your work 190

Cover sheets 190

Late assignments 190

Backup copies 190

9.4 Constructive feedback 190

Checklist 192

Acknowledgements 192

Appendix 1 193

Answers to questions and activities Appendix 2 198

Key to errors in bad essay Appendix 3 208

Key to good essay Appendix 4 219

Key to Good Qualitative Research Report References 234

 

  • Search Functionality: The full text search functionality allows students to quickly identify all instances of a key word or phrase.
  • Highlight and Annotate: The colour-coded highlights and note-taking application allow students to tag and add their own notes to important content.
  • Note Exporting: Students can copy and export sections of text together with bibliographical information and print out selected content to prepare for exams.
  • Trusted Authorship: Know you’re getting the best content from Australia’s leading Psychology expert, Lorelle Burton.
  • Accessible Content: This new edition comprises insightful and engaging content delivered in concise, digestible chunks to support students’’ engagement and retention.
  • New Chapter: A new chapter on Qualitative Research that is unique to the marketplace.