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Introduction to Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 2nd edition

Introduction to Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 2nd edition

Stephen von Tetzchner, Harald Martinsen

ISBN: 978-1-861-56187-9

Nov 2006

376 pages

Select type: Paperback

In Stock

$109.99

Description

An increasing number of families and professionals are involved with severely communication-impaired children, adolescents and adults who use alternative communication systems to compensate for delayed systems and strategies that can be used to increase the communicative possibilities of people with limited spoken language. The authors discuss factors that are important when choosing communication systems, assessment strategies, environmental adaptation, and the principles for teaching comprehension and use of such communication systems to individuals with different disabilities; including motor impairments, learning disability and autism.

This book is unique within the field of augmentative and alternative communication with its basis in modern developmental theories of language and communication, its practical approach with many examples and focus on every-day situations, and its coherent and readable text. It may serve as an introductory text book for speech and language therapists, teachers in school and preschool, psychologists and care nurses, as well as a source of information for families with members who have severe developmental speech and language disorders.

Preface.

Chapter 1 Introduction.

Terminology.

Notation.

Chapter 2 Augmentative and alternative communication.

Manual Signs.

Graphic Signs.

Blissymbols.

Pictogram Ideogram Communication.

Picture Communications Symbols.

Rebus.

Lexigrams.

Sigsymbols.

Pictures.

Orthographic script.

Tangible signs.

Premack's word bricks.

Tactile signs.

Choosing a sign system.

Manual, graphic or tangible signs.

Use of the systems.

Manual signs.

Graphic signs.

Tangible signs.

Chapter 3 Communication aids.

Traditional aids.

High-technology aids.

Artificial speech.

Telecommunication aids.

Pointing.

Keyboards.

Switches.

Choosing a communication aid.

Mobility.

Direct selection and scanning.

Manual and electronic aids.

Some characteristics of aided communication.

Articulation.

Time.

The role of the conversational partner.

Chapter 4 Children, adolescents and adults in need of augmentative an alternative communication.

Three functional groups.

The expressive language group.

The supportive language group.

The alternative language group.

The most common groups in need of augmentative and alternative communication.

Motor impairment.

Developmental language disorders.

Learning disability.

Autism.

Rett's syndrome.

Some common problems.

Learning takes time.

Generalisation.

Learned passivity and dependency on others.

Behavioural disorders.

Chapter 5 Assessment.

The need for toal intervention.

Assessment methods.

Tests.

Checklists.

Information from those in contact with the individual.

Systematic observation.

Experimental teaching.

Basic information.

Overview of the day.

General skills.

Interest in objects, activities and events.

Attention and initiation of communicative contact with others.

Self-help skills.

Self-occupancy.

Motor skills.

Vision and hearing.

Diagnosis.

The family's need for support, relief and help.

Language and communication.

Use.

Comprehension.

Evaluating the language intervention.

Specific goals

Generalized effects.

Information transfer when changing schools, work and home.

Defining areas of responsibility.

Chapter 6 The teaching situation.

Joint attention.

Designing the teaching situation.

Planning for generalization.

Duration and location of teaching sessions.

Structuring.

Frame structure.

Situational structure.

Cues.

Initiating the intervention.

The effect of sign teaching on speech acquisition.

Chapter 7 Teaching strategies.

Structured overinterpretation and total communication.

Implicit and explicit teaching.

Comprehension and use of signs.

Teaching comprehension.

Natural situations.

Special training.

Teaching sign use.

Watch, wait and react.

Reacting to habitual behaviour.

Build-and-break chains.

Reacting to signal-triggered anticipatory behaviour.

Fulfilling wants.

Focusing on expression and comprehension.

Incidental teaching.

Structured waiting.

Naming.

Structured and unstructured situations.

Preparatory training.

Eye contact.

Gaze direction and attentiveness.

Sitting still.

Behaviour chains.

Imitation.

Motor skills.

Facilitating techniques.

Chapter 8 Choosing the first signs.

Exisiting communication.

General and specific signs.

Repetitions.

Motor skills.

Perception.

Iconicity.

Manual signs.

Graphic signs.

Tangible signs.

Simple and complex concepts.

What to expect.

Chapter 9 Further vocabulary development.

Alternative and supportive language groups.

Contrasts between signs.

Signs for proper names.

Expanding use.

Individual sign dictionaries.

The expressive language group.

User involment.

Expanding the situations in which signs may be used.

Increased access to signs.

Expanding the vocabulary by using sign combinations.

Ready-made vocabularies.

From graphic signs to orthographic script.

Chapter 10 Multi-sign utterances.

Vocabulary.

Pivots.

Verb island constructs.

New sign categories.

Inflections.

Sentences.

Horizontal and verical structures.

Topic-comment.

Semantic roles.

Negation.

Fill-in.

Chaining.

Ready-made sentences.

Cognitive effort.

Comprehension.

Bootstrapping.

Perspective.

Comprehension of spoken language.

Variation.

Chapter 11 Conversational skills.

Alternative language group.

Routines,plans and scripts.

Supportive language group.

Expressive language group.

Environmental strategies.

Partner strategies.

Conversational strategies.

Narratives.

Chapter 12 The language environment.

Adapting the environment.

The simultaneous use of speech and signs.

Simplified language.

Models.

Teaching families.

Teaching peers and friends.

Cost and benefit.

Chapter 13 Overview of case studies.

List of sign illustrations.

References and citation index.

Index.