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Introduction to Flat Panel Displays

Introduction to Flat Panel Displays

Jiun-Haw Lee, David N. Liu, Shin-Tson Wu

ISBN: 978-0-470-51693-5

Jan 2009

280 pages


Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) are a frequent feature in our daily lives, used in mobile phones, laptop computers, desktop computer monitors and TVs. Several display technologies have been developed for FPDs, such as liquid crystal display (LCD), plasma display panel (PDP), light emitting diode (LED), organic light emitting device (OLED) and field emission display (FED).

Introduction to Flat Panel Displays describes the fundamental sciences behind each display technology: LCD, PDP, LED, OLED and FED including carbon nanotubes. It contains a comparative analysis of the different display technologies in which detailed overviews of each technology are linked together so as to provide a comprehensive reference for students and display engineers, alike. Solved problems as well as homework problems are provided in each chapter to help consolidate students’ reading, as well as solutions hosted on an accompanying website.

Features include:

  • the classifications and specifications of display technologies as guidelines for developing a display and judging their performances;
  • principles for designing color displays with good color saturation and wide color gamut;
  • basic operating principles of thin-film transistors (TFTs) and their applications to state-of-the-art TFT-LCD and TFT-OLED;
  • an overview of FED fundamentals comprising the  physics of field emission, as well as FED structure and display mechanism.

Senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in engineering, physics and chemistry will benefit from the systematic approach used throughout the book, which will help to prepare students for entry into a display profession. Display engineers, research scientists and technicians working on the development of flat panel display technology will also find this book an invaluable resource. Comparisons of the strengths and weaknesses of each of the display technologies will help professionals to decide which to use for their applications.

The Society for Information Display (SID) is an international society, which has the aim of encouraging the development of all aspects of the field of information display. Complementary to the aims of the society, the Wiley-SID series is intended to explain the latest developments in information display technology at a professional level. The broad scope of the series addresses all facets of information displays from technical aspects through systems and prototypes to standards and ergonomics

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Series Editor's Foreword.

About the authors.



1. Introduction.

1.1. Flat panel displays.

1.2. Emissive and nonemissive displays.

1.3. Display specifications.

1.4. Applications of flat panel displays.

2. Color science and engineering.

2.1. Introduction.

2.2. The eye.

2.3. Colorimetry.

2.4. Production and reproduction of colors.

3. Thin-film transistors.

3.1. Introduction.

3.2. Basic concepts of crystallized semiconductor materials.

3.3. Disordered semiconductors.

3.4. Thin-film transistor characteristics.

3.5. Passive matrix and active matrix driving schemes.

3.6. Non-silicon-based thin-film transistors.

4. Liquid crystal displays.

4.1. Introduction.

4.2. Transmissive thin-film transistor liquid crystal displays.

4.3. Liquid crystal materials.

4.4. Liquid crystal alignment.

4.5. Homogeneous cell.

4.6. Twisted nematic.

4.7. In-Plane switching.

4.8. Fringe field switching.

4.9. Vertical alignment.

4.10. Optically compensated bend cell.

4.11. Transflective liquid crystal displays.

4.12. Future directions.

5. Plasma display panels.

5.1. Introduction.

5.2. Physics of gas discharge.

5.3. Plasma display panels.

5.4. Front plate techniques.

5.5. Rear plate techniques.

5.6. Assembly and aging techniques.

5.7. System techniques.

6. Light-emitting diodes.

6.1. Introduction.

6.2. Material systems.

6.3. Diode characteristics.

6.4. Light-emitting characteristics.

6.5. Device fabrication.

6.6. Applications.

7. Organic light-emitting devices.

7.1. Introduction.

7.2. Energy states in organic materials.

7.3. Photophysical processes.

7.4. Carrier injection, transport and recombination.

7.5. Structure, fabrication and characterization.

7.6. Improvement of internal quantum efficiency.

7.7. Improvement of extraction efficiency.

8. Field emission displays.

8.1. Introduction.

8.2. Physics of field emission.

8.3. FED structure and display mechanism.

8.4. Emitter.

8.5. Panel process.

8.6. Field emission array plate techniques.

8.7. Phosphor plate techniques.

8.8. Assembly and aging techniques.

8.9. System techniques.