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Introduction to Geochemistry: Principles and Applications



Introduction to Geochemistry: Principles and Applications

Kula C. Misra

ISBN: 978-1-444-35095-1 May 2012 Wiley-Blackwell 452 Pages


This book is intended to serve as a text for an introductory course in geochemistry for undergraduate/graduate students with at least an elementary–level background in earth sciences, chemistry, and mathematics.  The text, containing 83 tables and 181 figures, covers a wide variety of topics — ranging from atomic structure to chemical and isotopic equilibria to modern biogeochemical cycles — which are divided into four interrelated parts: Crystal Chemistry; Chemical Reactions (and biochemical reactions involving bacteria); Isotope Geochemistry (radiogenic and stable isotopes); and The Earth Supersystem, which includes discussions pertinent to the evolution of the solid Earth, the atmosphere, and the hydrosphere.

In keeping with the modern trend in the field of geochemistry, the book emphasizes computational techniques by developing appropriate mathematical relations, solving a variety of problems to illustrate application of the mathematical relations, and leaving a set of questions at the end of each chapter to be solved by students.  However, so as not to interrupt the flow of the text, involved chemical concepts and mathematical derivations are separated in the form of boxes.  Supplementary materials are packaged into ten appendixes that include a standard–state (298.15 K, 1 bar) thermodynamic data table and a listing of answers to selected chapter–end questions.

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Preface, xiii

1 Introduction, 1


2 Atomic Structure, 9

3 Chemical Bonding, 23


4 Basic Thermodynamic Concepts, 51

5 Thermodynamics of Solutions, 79

6 Geothermometry and Geobarometry, 107

7 Reactions Involving Aqueous Solutions, 134

8 Oxidation–Reduction Reactions, 167

9 Kinetics of Chemical Reactions, 197


10 Radiogenic Isotopes, 225

11 Stable Isotopes, 253


12 The Core–Mantle–Crust System, 283

13 The Crust–Hydrosphere–Atmosphere System, 326

APPENDIX 1 Units of measurement and physical constants, 372

APPENDIX 2 Electronic configurations of elements in ground state, 374

APPENDIX 3 First ionization potential, electron affinity, electronegativity (Pauling scale), and coordination numbers of selected elements, 377

APPENDIX 4 Thermodynamic symbols, 379

APPENDIX 5 Standard state (298.15 K, 105 Pa) thermodynamic data for selected elements, ionic species, and compounds, 382

APPENDIX 6 Fugacities of H2O and CO2 in the range 0.5–10.0 kbar and 200–1000°C, 396

APPENDIX 7 Equations for activity coefficients in multicomponent regular solid solutions, 398

APPENDIX 8 Some commonly used computer codes for modeling of geochemical processes in aqueous solutions, 400

APPENDIX 9 Solar system abundances of the elements in units of number of atoms per 106 silicon atoms, 402

APPENDIX 10 Answers to selected chapter–end questions, 403

References, 406

Index, 431

“This is a good book to study if you want to build your understanding of geochemistry on a solid quantitative footing.”  (Open University Geological Society Journal, 1 May 2013)

“Overall, this seems to be a useful book for its intended audience . . . I would recommend the book to those outside of geochemistry to expand their knowledge of the topic before entering the subject matter at a higher level.”  (Chromatographia, 28 March 2013)

“Summing Up:  Recommended.  Graduate students and above.”  (Choice, 1 January 2013)

“Overall this is an impressively thorough and up-to-date text that is aimed at the ‘geological’ geochemist and I would certainly recommend it to such an audience.”  (Geological Magazine, 2012)


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