Skip to main content

Introduction to Heat Transfer, 6th Edition

Introduction to Heat Transfer, 6th Edition

Theodore L. Bergman, Adrienne S. Lavine, Frank P. Incropera, David P. DeWitt

ISBN: 978-0-470-91324-6

Jun 2011

992 pages


Product not available for purchase


Introduction to Heat Transfer, 6th Edition is the gold standard of heat transfer pedagogy for more than 30 years. With examples and problems that reveal the richness and beauty of this discipline, this text teaches students how to become efficient problem-solvers through the use of the rigorous and systematic problem-solving methodology pioneered by the authors. Fundamental concepts have received further emphasis in this new edition, making the text even more accessible while providing a bridge from those ideas to critical applications in areas such as energy and the environment.

Related Resources


CHAPTER 1 Introduction.

1.1 What and How?

1.2 Physical Origins and Rate Equations.

1.3 Relationship to Thermodynamics.

1.4 Units and Dimensions.

1.5 Analysis of Heat Transfer Problems: Methodology.

1.6 Relevance of Heat Transfer.

1.7 Summary.

CHAPTER 2 Introduction to Conduction.

2.1 The Conduction Rate Equation.

2.2 The Thermal Properties of Matter.

2.3 The Heat Diffusion Equation.

2.4 Boundary and Initial Conditions.

2.5 Summary.

CHAPTER 3 One-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction.

3.1 The Plane Wall.

3.2 An Alternative Conduction Analysis.

3.3 Radial Systems.

3.4 Summary of One-Dimensional Conduction Results.

3.5 Conduction with Thermal Energy Generation.

3.6 Heat Transfer from Extended Surfaces.

3.7 The Bioheat Equation.

3.8 Thermoelectric Power Generation.

3.9 Micro- and Nanoscale Conduction.

3.10 Summary.

CHAPTER 4 Two-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction.

4.1 Alternative Approaches.

4.2 The Method of Separation of Variables.

4.3 The Conduction Shape Factor and the Dimensionless Conduction Heat Rate.

4.4 Finite-Difference Equations.

4.5 Solving the Finite-Difference Equations.

4.6 Summary.

CHAPTER 5 Transient Conduction.

5.1 The Lumped Capacitance Method.

5.2 Validity of the Lumped Capacitance Method.

5.3 General Lumped Capacitance Analysis.

5.4 Spatial Effects.

5.5 The Plane Wall with Convection.

5.6 Radial Systems with Convection.

5.7 The Semi-Infinite Solid.

5.8 Objects with Constant Surface Temperatures or Surface Heat Fluxes.

5.9 Periodic Heating.

5.10 Finite-Difference Methods.

5.11 Summary.

CHAPTER 6 Introduction to Convection.

6.1 The Convection Boundary Layers.

6.2 Local and Average Convection Coefficients.

6.3 Laminar and Turbulent Flow.

6.4 The Boundary Layer Equations.

6.5 Boundary Layer Similarity: The Normalized Boundary Layer Equations.

6.6 Physical Interpretation of the Dimensionless Parameters.

6.7 Momentum and Heat Transfer (Reynolds) Analogy.

6.8 Summary.

CHAPTER 7 External Flow.

7.1 The Empirical Method.

7.2 The Flat Plate in Parallel Flow.

7.3 Methodology for a Convection Calculation.

7.4 The Cylinder in Cross Flow.

7.5 The Sphere.

7.6 Flow Across Banks of Tubes.

7.7 Impinging Jets.

7.8 Packed Beds.

7.9 Summary.

CHAPTER 8 Internal Flow.

8.1 Hydrodynamic Considerations.

8.2 Thermal Considerations.

8.3 The Energy Balance.

8.4 Laminar Flow in Circular Tubes: Thermal Analysis and Convection Correlations.

8.5 Convection Correlations: Turbulent Flow in Circular Tubes.

8.6 Convection Correlations: Noncircular Tubes and the Concentric Tube Annulus.

8.7 Heat Transfer Enhancement.

8.8 Flow in Small Channels.

8.9 Summary.

CHAPTER 9 Free Convection.

9.1 Physical Considerations.

9.2 The Governing Equations for Laminar Boundary Layers.

9.3 Similarity Considerations.

9.4 Laminar Free Convection on a Vertical Surface.

9.5 The Effects of Turbulence.

9.6 Empirical Correlations: External Free Convection Flows.

9.7 Free Convection Within Parallel Plate Channels.

9.8 Empirical Correlations: Enclosures.

9.9 Combined Free and Forced Convection.

9.10 Summary.

CHAPTER 10 Boiling and Condensation.

10.1 Dimensionless Parameters in Boiling and Condensation.

10.2 Boiling Modes.

10.3 Pool Boiling.

10.4 Pool Boiling Correlations.

10.5 Forced Convection Boiling.

10.6 Condensation: Physical Mechanisms.

10.7 Laminar Film Condensation on a Vertical Plate.

10.8 Turbulent Film Condensation.

10.9 Film Condensation on Radial Systems.

10.10 Condensation in Horizontal Tubes.

10.11 Dropwise Condensation.

10.12 Summary.

CHAPTER 11 Heat Exchangers.

11.1 Heat Exchanger Types.

11.2 The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient.

11.3 Heat Exchanger Analysis: Use of the Log Mean Temperature Difference.

11.4 Heat Exchanger Analysis: The Effectiveness–NTU Method.

11.5 Heat Exchanger Design and Performance Calculations.

11.6 Additional Considerations.

11.7 Summary.

CHAPTER 12 Radiation: Processes and Properties.

12.1 Fundamental Concepts.

12.2 Radiation Heat Fluxes.

12.3 Radiation Intensity.

12.4 Blackbody Radiation.

12.5 Emission from Real Surfaces.

12.6 Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission by Real Surfaces.

12.7 Kirchhoff’s Law.

12.8 The Gray Surface.

12.9 Environmental Radiation.

12.10 Summary.

CHAPTER 13 Radiation Exchange Between Surfaces.

13.1 The View Factor.

13.2 Blackbody Radiation Exchange.

13.3 Radiation Exchange Between Opaque, Diffuse, Gray Surfaces in an Enclosure.

13.4 Multimode Heat Transfer.

13.5 Implications of the Simplifying Assumptions.

13.6 Radiation Exchange with Participating Media.

13.7 Summary.

APPENDIX A Thermophysical Properties of Matter.

APPENDIX B Mathematical Relations and Functions.

APPENDIX C Thermal Conditions Associated with Uniform Energy Generation in One-Dimensional, Steady-State Systems.

APPENDIX D The Gauss–Seidel Method.

APPENDIX E The Convection Transfer Equations.

APPENDIX F Boundary Layer Equations for Turbulent Flow.

APPENDIX G An Integral Laminar Boundary Layer Solution for Parallel Flow over a Flat Plate.


  • Richness of the problems and examples – numerous contemporary applications have been added, especially in the area of ‘energy and the environment,’ including topics such as solar energy systems, renewable energy systems, and new manufacturing processes
  • Additional coverage of environmental issues, included an updated and augmented section on environmental radiation (12.9)
  • As appropriate, the topic of thermodynamics has been augmented and carefully blended throughout the text, allowing readers to build upon those concepts and skills.
  • Additional focus on and tailoring coverage down to the core fundamental concepts, while clearly indicating content that is either optional and/or more appropriate for a second course
  • Modernization and streamlining of the convection correlations helps students focus on the most useful correlations instead of getting lost or confused by the vast quantity of correlations
  • New version of Interactive Heat Transfer software – new Quickstart companion, new navigation that makes it easier
  • New version of Interactive Heat Transfer software - Problems involving complex models and/or exploratory, what-if, and parameter sensitivity considerations can efficiently and accurately be addressed using a computational equation-solving package. IHT has been designed for that specific purpose, and this new version provides a new Quickstart companion guide as well as a new, easier to use navigation scheme
  • The definitive text on Heat Transfer, this book continues to be built around the four central learning objectives, including: 
    1. The reader should internalize the meaning of the terminology and physical principles associated with heat transfer.
    2. The reader should be able to delineate pertinent transport phenomena for any process or system involving heat transfer.
    3. The reader should be able to use requisite inputs for computing heat transfer rates and/or material temperatures
    4. The reader should be able to develop representative models of real processes and systems and draw conclusions concerning process/system design or performance from the attendant analysis.
  • Teaches students the rigorous and systematic problem-solving methodology developed and honed by the Incropera author team
  • A wealth of example problems to better show how to apply the material across various engineering disciplines and fields
  • Identifies problems that are uniquely suited for solving with a computational software tool, both to increase efficiency and to decrease errors