DescriptionThis text provides an introduction to organic chemistry for students who require the fundamentals of organic chemistry as a requirement for their major. It is most suited for a one semester organic chemistry course. In an attempt to highlight the relevance of the material to students, the authors place a strong emphasis on showing the interrelationship between organic chemistry and other areas of science, particularly the biological and health sciences. The text illustrates the use of organic chemistry as a tool in these sciences; it also stresses the organic compounds, both natural and synthetic, that surround us in everyday life: in pharmaceuticals, plastics, fibers, agrochemicals, surface coatings, toiletry preparations and cosmetics, food additives, adhesives, and elastomers.
Chapter Two: Acids and Bases.
Chapter Three: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes.
Chapter Four: Alkenes and Alkynes.
Chapter Five: Reactions of Alkanes and Alkynes.
Chapter Six: Chirality: The Handedness of Molecules.
Chapter Seven: Haloalkanes.
Chapter Eight: Alcohols, Ethers, and Thiols.
Chapter Nine: Benzene and its Derivatives.
Chapter Ten: Amines.
Chapter Eleven: Infrared Spectroscopy.
Chapter Twelve: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
Chapter Thirteen: Aldehydes and Ketones.
Chapter Fourteen: Carboxylic Acids.
Chapter Fifteen: Functional Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids.
Chapter Sixteen: Enolate Anions.
Chapter Seventeen: Organic Polymer Chemistry.
Chapter Eighteen: Carbohydrates.
Chapter Nineteen: Amino Acids and Proteins.
Chapter Twenty: Nucleic Acids.
Chapter Twenty-One: Lipids.
Chapter Twenty-Two: Organic Chemistry of Metabolism.
- “How To” boxes have been added within the chapters, providing students with techniques and hints for approaching and understanding key course topics. i.e. “How to Draw Chair Conformations”, “How to determine Which Acid is Stronger or Weaker”.
- Cumulative review questions, entitled “Putting It Together”, appear after groups of selected chapters. Because organic chemistry is, by nature, a cumulative subject, it is important for students to encounter problems that not only test them on the current chapter’s material, but also on the material from previous chapters. These questions will provide students with an opportunity to test their understanding of multiple concepts and ideas and help them prepare for tests and exams. As one text reviewer noted, “Tools for assessment are very important to avoid illusions during the semester. Students have to know where they stand and when they have to make an effort. Most of them have difficulties to come from behind when they have failed to understand several chapters. I would definitely assign these to my students”.
- Every Example consists of three steps – the problem statement, a strategy, and the solution. New to this edition, the Authors have added the second step entitled “Strategy”. The purpose of this step is to provide further guidance to students as they attempt to solve the problem. In essence, the Strategy step will help students to answer the question, “Where do I begin to solve this problem?”
- Each example concludes with a reference to an end of chapter problem(s) that practices the same concept or technique so that students have an opportunity to practice, reinforce and confirm their understanding of the concept/technique.
- When students are working end of chapter exercises, a selection of these will include a visual reference to an in-text worked example that they can reference for assistance in completing the exercise.
- More in-text examples have been added that focus on everyday life and serve to reinforce and illustrate key concepts.
- “Quick Quizzes” have been added to the end of each chapter, allowing students to promptly assess their grasp of the material within each chapter. The answers to the Quick Quiz sections can be found within the text Answer Appendix.
- An earlier introduction of biochemistry: the biological molecules chapters (Proteins and Nucleic Acids) have been streamlined. These chapters traditionally fall at the end of most textbooks, as well as at the end of the semester, and it is often difficult to find time to cover these important biochemistry concepts within one semester. However, these chapters contain some of the most relevant material for health-related and biological science majors and it is important to emphasize that organic chemistry is relevant to their studies. In this edition of the text, more biochemistry examples appear in the earlier chapters, which now contain material from the Proteins and Nucleic Acids chapters of the text. Students will be exposed to important biological molecules earlier in the course, which helps to reinforce the importance of biochemistry to organic chemistry.
- The number of end of chapter exercises has increased by 15%, providing students with more problems for practice.
- More Chemical Connections boxes have been added to this edition. These boxes focus on the applications of organic chemistry to everyday life.
- Assessment questions have been added to the Chemical Connections boxes which connect back to the concepts covered within the chapter, and give students additional opportunities to practice their understanding. Instructors could assign these and/ or discuss them in class. Answers to these are found in the Student Solutions Manual.
- Dialog bubbles have been added to the text figures/illustrations, where appropriate, to provide students with detailed information about what is taking place within the illustration. Many students are visual learners, and these dialog bubbles provide visual cues for students in reaction schemes, tables, and figures. Reviewers responded well to this new feature, stating:
- “It gets their attention much better than information in a paragraph. It is highly visual, and that should appeal to a large section of the student population.”
- “Anything that will highlight or draw attention to the important parts of a reaction is helpful for the students. Because these students are new to organic chemistry, they need all of the visual clues possible to show them what is important in each reaction.”
- The traditional end-of-chapter summary has been replaced by a list of Key Terms, accompanied by a “Summary of Key Questions”, which summarizes the main points of each chapter section in a concise fashion.
- An emphasis on the mechanistic understanding of reactions, rather than memorization.
- “Chemical Connections” boxes illustrate the applications of organic chemistry.
- Examples integrated throughout the text highlight the application of organic chemistry to the health and biological sciences, and, more broadly, to the everyday world.
- Extensive use of worked examples to illustrate important concepts.
- Categorized end of chapter problems with varied levels of difficulty to challenge students.
- Text is easy to read and at the appropriate level and style for the intended student audience.
- High impact, four-color art program. Photos, conceived and developed specifically for this text, show organic chemistry as it occurs in the laboratory and in everyday life.