In this volume, the authors explore the current and future practice of distance education in higher education institutions, including:
- developing an initial infrastructure to support course design and development,
- revitalizing existing structures and processes for distance education, and
- cutting-edge practices that innovate and lead the field.
This is the 173rd volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Higher Education. Addressed to presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other higher education decision makers on all kinds of campuses, it provides timely information and authoritative advice about major issues and administrative problems confronting every institution.
Maureen Snow Andrade
1. Issues in Distance Education: A Primer for Higher Education Decision Makers 9
This chapter presents an overview of current issues related to distance learning in higher education. It identifies central questions, issues, challenges, and opportunities that must be addressed by decision makers, as well as key attributes of effective leaders.
2. Theories of Distance Education: Why They Matter 21
This chapter presents an overview of theories of distance education and discusses their implications for future policy making and practice in institutions of higher education.
3. Effective Organizational Structures and Processes: Addressing Issues of Change 31
Maureen Snow Andrade
This chapter describes organizational structures and processes at the institutional and project levels for the development and support of distance learning initiatives. It addresses environmental and stakeholder issues and explores principles and strategies of effective leadership for change creation and management.
4. The Course Development Plan: Macro-Level Decisions and Micro-Level Processes 43
Karen Franker, Dennis James
A key step in distance learning project management is the creation of a course development plan. The plan should account for decisions related to materials, curriculum, delivery methods, staffing, technology applications, resources, reporting lines, and project management—issues that may require administrator involvement and support, particularly for evolving distance learning programs.
5. Writing Materials: Insights Into Course Design and Writing Processes 55
Aubrey Olsen Bronson
This chapter explores how course designers and content writers engage with each other, develop materials, and determine a design model, course components, and supporting technology.
6. Learner and Faculty Support 65
Sharon Guan, Daniel Stanford
This chapter identifies effective ways to address learner and faculty support. It introduces methods for building a successful learner support system by providing sufficient resources and proactively addressing learner motivation. It also addresses effective faculty support through institutional policies, resources, training, and course development.
7. Global Expansion and English Language Learning 75
Maureen Snow Andrade
Demand for higher education is global. As institutions extend opportunities beyond their borders, English language proficiency must be considered. This chapter focuses on considerations related to global expansion, with an emphasis on the role of distance English language courses and the distinct considerations in their development.
8. Innovation and Global eLearning: A Case Study at Brigham Young University–Idaho 87
Alan L. Young
This chapter provides a case study of innovation using online learning in higher education. The case study shows how one university made system-wide organizational and procedural changes to create low-cost, open-access distance learning opportunities on a global level in response to student needs and opportunities.
9. On the Cutting Edge: Movements and Institutional Examples of Technological Disruption 97
Marjorie Roth Leon, Todd Alan Price
This chapter describes technological disruptions in higher education that pose challenges and offer opportunities to college and university students, faculty, and administrators. It provides examples of innovative responses being explored by 2-year and 4-year higher education institutions.