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Japanese Americans and World War II: Mass Removal, Imprisonment, and Redress, 4th Edition



Japanese Americans and World War II: Mass Removal, Imprisonment, and Redress, 4th Edition

Donald Teruo Hata, Nadine Ishitani Hata

ISBN: 978-0-882-95279-6 January 2011 Wiley-Blackwell 92 Pages


Like its predecessors, this fourth edition of Japanese Americans and World War II is intended as a succinct and affordable supplement to history and political science texts that minimize or neglect the Nikkei (Japanese American) experience in World War II. As was hoped, the first two editions of this publication found an enthusiastic reception by instructors and students alike at the high school, community college, and university level. In addition, the expanded third edition found a new readership beyond the classroom, in members of and visitors to museums, such as the Japanese American Museum in Los Angeles, and interpretive centers at former concentration camp sites administered by the National Park Service at Manzanar, Tule Lake, and others (some in progress).

In response to the supportive and constructive feedback of students, instructors, and lay readers, we at Harlan Davidson undertook a bold and sweeping redesign of the third edition that saw our well-loved little “pamphlet” become an attractive but still highly affordable book that, in addition to taking the narrative completely up to date, has been thoroughly re-edited and expanded further to include photographs, key documents, and an enhanced multidisciplinary bibliography of 200 core publications by historians, political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists, and others, as well as multimedia and Internet-based sources. Inaccurate and misleading euphemisms such as “evacuation” and “internment” have been meticulously replaced with more accurate terms like “mass removal” and “imprisonment—changes explained and amplified in a new “Note on Terminology,” which explains the movement to correct long out-dated language and refers readers to thoughtful essays on the subject by eminent scholars.

Preface and Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

“Yellow Peril”: Issei Pioneers and the Anti-Chinese Legacy 3

The Movement for Japanese Exclusion 6

“200 Percent” American: Emergence of the Nisei 9

War Hysteria. Racism, and Political Expedience 12

Executive Order 9066: “Military Necessity”? 15

Mass Removal of “All Persons of Japanese Ancestry” 18

Administering the Concentration Camps 21

Life Behind Barbed Wire 23

Violence and Death by Deadly Force 26

The Botched Loyalty Questionnaire 29

Nikkei Soldiers and Draft Resisters 32

The Wartime Supreme Court Test Cases 35

Release and Return 38

Recovery: “Model” or “Marginal” Minority? 42

Breaking the Silence: Nikkei Confront the Nightmare 44

The Movement for Redress 48

The Commission’s Report and Recommendations 51

“Military Necessity” and the Coram Nobis Cases 53

Epilogue 55

Note on Terminology 68

Selected Bibliography 69

General Work on Japanese American History 69

The World War II Incarceration of Japanese Americans 72

Postwar Recovery and the Redress Movement 83

Films, Videos, and DVDs 84

Web Sites and the Internet 86

Index 88

Map, Documents (Executive Order 9066, and Instructions to implement Civilian Exclusion Order No. 108), and Photographs follow page 56