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Lévi-Strauss: A Biography

Lévi-Strauss: A Biography

Emmanuelle Loyer

ISBN: 978-1-509-51198-3

Nov 2018, Polity

740 pages

Select type: Hardcover

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Academic, writer, figure of melancholy, aesthete – Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009) not only transformed his academic discipline, he also profoundly changed the way that we view ourselves and the world around us. 

In this award-winning biography, historian Emmanuelle Loyer recounts Lévi-Strauss’s childhood in an assimilated Jewish household, his promising student years as well as his first forays into political and intellectual movements. As a young professor, Lévi-Strauss left Paris in 1935 for São Paulo to teach sociology. His rugged expeditions into the Brazilian hinterland, where he discovered the Amerindian Other, made him into an anthropologist. The racial laws of the Vichy regime would force him to leave France yet again, this time for the USA in 1941, where he became Professor Claude L. Strauss – to avoid confusion with the jeans manufacturer.

Lévi-Strauss’s return to France, after the war, ushered in the period during which he produced his greatest works: several decades of intense labour in which he reinvented anthropology, establishing it as a discipline that offered a new view on the world. In 1955, Tristes Tropiques offered indisputable proof of this the world over. During those years, Lévi-Strauss became something of a French national monument, as well as a celebrity intellectual of global renown. But he always claimed his perspective was a ‘view from afar’, enabling him to deliver incisive and subversive diagnoses of our waning modernity.

Loyer’s outstanding biography tells the story of a true intellectual adventurer whose unforgettable voice invites us to rethink questions of the human and the meaning of progress. She portrays Lévi-Strauss less as a modern than as our own great and disquieted contemporary.

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  • Acknowledgements
  • Foreword Adam Kuper
  • Introduction. The Worlds of Claude Lévi-Strauss
  • Part I Yesterday’s Worlds (É-1935)
  • Chapter 1 The Name of the Father
  • Chapter 2 Revelations (1908-1924)
  • Chapter 3 Revolutions (1924-1931): Politics vs. Philosophy
  • Chapter 4 Redemption: Anthropology (1931-1935)
  • Chapter 5 The Enigma of the World
  • Part II New Worlds (1935-1947)
  • Chapter 6 France in São Paulo
  • Chapter 7 In the Heart of Brazil
  • Chapter 8 Massimo Lévi with the Nambikwara
  • Chapter 9 Crisis (1939-1941)
  • Chapter 10 A Frenchman in New York City: Exile and Intellectual Invention (1941-1944)
  • Chapter 11 Structuralism Ð the American Years
  • Part III The Old World (1947-1971)
  • Chapter 12 The Ghosts of Marcel Mauss
  • Chapter 13 Manhood
  • Chapter 14 The Confessions of Claude Lévi-Strauss
  • Chapter 15 Structuralist Crystallization (1958-1962)
  • Chapter 16 The Manufacture of Science
  • Chapter 17 The Scholarly Life
  • Chapter 18 The Politics of Discretion
  • Part IV The World (1971-2009)
  • Chapter 19 Immortal
  • Chapter 20 Metamorphoses
  • Chapter 21 Claude Lévi-Strauss, our Contemporary
  • Notes
  • Works by Lévi-Strauss
  • Archives consulted
  • Abbreviations of Works by Lévi-Strauss
  • Illustration credits
  • Index