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LTE, The UMTS Long Term Evolution: From Theory to Practice

LTE, The UMTS Long Term Evolution: From Theory to Practice

Stefania Sesia (Editor), Issam Toufik (Editor), Matthew Baker (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-74288-4

Feb 2009

648 pages

Select type: E-Book



"Where this book is exceptional is that the reader will not just learn how LTE works but why it works."
Adrian Scrase, ETSI Vice-President, International Partnership Projects

LTE - The UMTS Long Term Evolution: From Theory to Practice provides the reader with a comprehensive system-level understanding of LTE, built on explanations of the theories which underlie it. The book is the product of a collaborative effort of key experts representing a wide range of companies actively participating in the development of LTE, as well as academia. This gives the book a broad, balanced and reliable perspective on this important technology. Lucid yet thorough, the book devotes particular effort to explaining the theoretical concepts in an accessible way, while retaining scientific rigour. It highlights practical implications and draws comparisons with the well-known WCDMA/HSPA standards. The authors not only pay special attention to the physical layer, giving insight into the fundamental concepts of OFDMA, SC-FDMA and MIMO, but also cover the higher protocol layers and system architecture to enable the reader to gain an overall understanding of the system.

Key Features:

  • Draws on the breadth of experience of a wide range of key experts from both industry and academia, giving the book a balanced and broad perspective on LTE
  • Provides a detailed description and analysis of the complete LTE system, especially the ground-breaking new physical layer
  • Offers a solid treatment of the underlying advances in fundamental communications and information theory on which LTE is based
  • Addresses practical issues and implementation challenges related to the deployment of LTE as a cellular system
  • Includes an accompanying website containing a complete list of acronyms related to LTE, with a brief description of each (

This book is an invaluable reference for all research and development engineers involved in LTE implementation, as well as graduate and PhD students in wireless communications. Network operators, service providers and R&D managers will also find this book insightful.


1. Introduction and Background.

1.1 The context for the Long Term Evolution of UMTS.

1.2 Requirements and Targets for the Long Term Evolution.

1.3 Technologies for the Long-Term Evolution.

1.4 From Theory to Practice.



2. Network Architecture.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Overall architectural overview.

2.4 Quality of Service and EPS Bearers.

2.5 The E-UTRAN Network Interfaces: S1 interface.

2.6 The E-UTRAN Network Interfaces: X2 interface.

2.7 Summary.


3. Control Plane Protocols 55.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Radio Resource Control (RRC).

3.3 PLMN and Cell Selection.

3.4 Paging.

3.5 Summary.


4. User Plane Protocols.

4.1 Introduction to the User Plane Protocol Stack.

4.2 Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP).

4.3 Radio Link Control (RLC).

4.4 Medium Access Control (MAC).

4.5 Summary of the User Plane Protocols.



5. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 OFDM.

5.3 OFDMA.

5.4 Conclusion.


6. Introduction to Downlink Physical Layer Design.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Transmission Resource Structure.

6.3 Signal Structure.

6.4 Introduction to Downlink Operation.


7. Synchronization and Cell Search.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Synchronization Sequences and Cell Search in LTE.

7.3 Coherent vs non-coherent detection.


8. Reference Symbols and Channel Estimation.

8.1 Introduction to Channel estimation and pilot signals.

8.2 Design of Reference Symbols in LTE.

8.3 Pilot-aided channel modeling and estimation.

8.4 Frequency domain channel estimation.

8.5 Time domain channel estimation.

8.6 Spatial domain channel estimation.

8.7 Advanced Techniques.


9. Downlink Physical Data and Control Channels.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Downlink Data-Transporting Channels.

9.3 Downlink Control Channels.


10. Channel Coding and Link Adaptation.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Link Adaptation and Feedback Computation.

10.3 Channel Coding.

10.4 Concluding remarks.


11. Multiple Antenna Techniques.

11.1 Fundamentals of Multiple antenna Theory.

11.2 MIMO schemes in LTE.


12. Multiuser Scheduling and Interference coordination.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 General Considerations for Resource Allocation Strategies.

12.3 Scheduling Algorithms.

12.4 Considerations for Resource Scheduling in LTE.

12.5 Interference coordination and frequency re-use.

12.6 Concluding Remarks.


13. Radio Resource Management.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Overview of UE Mobility Activities.

13.3 Cell Search.

13.4 Measurements when camped on LTE.

13.5 LTE mobility in RRC_IDLE - Neighbour Cell Monitoring and Cell Reselection.

13.6 LTE mobility in RRC_CONNECTED - Handover.

13.7 Concluding remarks.


14. Broadcast Operation.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Broadcast Modes.

14.3 MBMS in LTE.

14.4 UE Capabilities for MBMS Reception.

14.5 Comparison of Mobile Broadcast Modes.



15. Uplink Physical Layer Design.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 SC-FDMA Principles.

15.3 SC-FDMA Design in LTE.

15.4 Summary.


16. Uplink Reference Signals.

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 RS Signal Sequence Generation.

16.3 Sequence-Group Hopping and Planning.

16.4 Cyclic Shift Hopping.

16.5 Demodulation (DM) RS Signals.

16.6 Uplink Sounding RS Signals.

16.7 Summary.


17. Uplink Physical Channel Structure.

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Uplink Shared Data Channel Structure.

17.3 Uplink Control Channel Design.

17.4 Multiplexing of Control and UL-SCH Data on PUSCH.

17.5 Multiple Antenna techniques.

17.6 Summary.


18. Uplink Capacity and Coverage.

18.1 Introduction.

18.2 Uplink Capacity.

18.3 LTE Uplink Coverage and Link Budget.

18.4 Summary.


19. Random Access.

19.1 Introduction.

19.2 Random Access Usage and Requirements in LTE.

19.3 Random Access Procedure.

19.4 Physical Random Access Channel Design.

19.5 PRACH implementation.


19.7 Concluding Remarks.


20. Uplink Transmission Procedures.

20.1 Introduction.

20.2 Uplink Timing Control.

20.3 Power Control.



21 The Radio Propagation Environment.

21.1 Introduction.

21.2 SISO and SIMO channel models.

21.3 MIMO Channel.

21.4 ITU Channel Models for IMT-Advanced.

21.5 MIMO Fading Emulation.

21.6 Concluding Remarks.


22. Radio Frequency Aspects.

22.1 Introduction.

22.2 Frequency Bands and Arrangements.

22.3 Transmitter RF Requirements.

22.4 Receiver RF Requirements.

22.5 RF Impairments.

22.6 Conclusion.


23. Paired and Unpaired Spectrum.

23.1 Introduction.

23.2 Duplex Modes.

23.3 Interference Issues in Unpaired Spectrum.

23.4 Half-Duplex System Design Aspects.

23.5 Reciprocity.



24. Beyond LTE.

"As a whole, the book provides great amount of useful material concerning LTE technology from different angles of view. All the most important aspects of LTE are covered in the book. In addition, the book surely gives something for everyone, starting from the basics and going in to the details as well. The book can be used to get familiar to mobile radio technologies with LTE used as an example." (SIVip, 2010)