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Large Animal Medicine for Veterinary Technicians

Large Animal Medicine for Veterinary Technicians

Laura Lien (Editor), Sue Loly (Editor), Sheryl Ferguson (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-76725-2

Apr 2014, Wiley-Blackwell

456 pages

$52.99

Description

This comprehensive guide to all aspects of caring for horses, cattle, camelids, small ruminants, and pigs helps veterinary technician students learn everything they need to know about large animal medicine.

Presented in full-color, Large Animal Medicine for Veterinary Technicians provides species-specific coverage with a wealth of images, as well as clinical applications. Coverage includes AVMA-required topics such as hospital biosecurity, restraint, physical examinations, nutrition, clinical and diagnostic procedures, reproduction, neonatology, and disease. 

To reinforce the text, an accompanying website offers review questions and answers, case studies, and an image bank with additional photographs to aid in breed identification.

Veterinary technician students, veterinary technician educators, and veterinary technicians in practice who wish to foster and expand their knowledge of large animal medicine will find Large Animal Medicine for Veterinary Technicians an invaluable resource.

Related Resources

Contributors ix

Preface xi

Abbreviations xii

About the Companion Website xiv

Chapter 1 Hospital Biosecurity 1
Leslie Hiber

Introduction 2

Cycle of Infection 2

Transmission 4

Patient Placement in the Hospital 7

Proper Gowning Techniques 10

Hand Hygiene 13

Disinfection and Sterilization 15

Hospital Management 19

Infection Control Programs 20

Surveillance 22

Multidrug Resistant Organisms, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus sp., and Zoonotic Diseases 23

Zoonotic Diseases 24

Summary 24

References 24

Chapter 2 Restraint 29
Ann Elizabeth Goplen, Sergio Gonzales, Sheryl Ferguson, Darcy DeCrescenza, Laura Lien

Introduction 30

Knots 30

Basic Behavior of Large Animals 39

Small Ruminant Restraint 41

Camelid Restraint 45

Bovine Restraint 48

Equine Restraint 54

Swine Restraint 61

References 62

Chapter 3 History 65
Stacie K. Seymour

Introduction 65

Ruminants 68

Camelids 70

Equine 70

Porcine 73

Multiple Species Management 75

References 75

Chapter 4 Physical Exam 77
Scott R. R. Haskell, Bonnie L. Loghry, Carrie J. Finno, Kristen Wegner, Jamie DeFazio, William Gilsenan, Amy L. Johnson

Introduction 78

Food Animal Physical Exam 80

Equine Physical Exam 89

The Equine Pain Score 98

Summary 103

References 103

Chapter 5 Nutrition 107
Kara M. Burns

Introduction 107

Equine Nutrition 110

Cattle Nutrition 125

Camelid Nutrition 126

Sheep and Goat Nutrition 127

Swine Nutrition 136

Summary 141

References 141

Chapter 6 Clinical Procedures 145
Annette M. McCoy, Erica McKenzie, Sue Loly

Introduction 146

Venous Catheterization 146

Arterial Catheterization 149

Urinary Catheterization 150

Tracheostomy 151

Blood Products and Administration 153

Medication Administration 155

Fluid Administration 162

Intraosseous Administration 165

Nasogastric and Orogastric Intubation 166

Transfaunation 169

Ongoing Monitoring 170

Nursing Care for the Recumbent Patient 171

Dentistry 176

References 177

Chapter 7 Diagnostic Procedures 181
Sue Loly, Joann Slack, Laura Lien, Rolf B. Modesto, Sheryl Ferguson

Introduction 182

Abdominocentesis 182

Arthrocentesis 184

Bronchiolar Alveolar Lavage (BAL) 185

Biopsies 186

Cerebral Spinal Fluid Tap (CSF) 193

Coagulation Studies 195

Dermatology 197

Electrocardiogram 199

Endoscopy 209

Milk Cultures 212

Thoracocentesis 213

Transtracheal Wash 215

References 216

Chapter 8 Medical Imaging 221
Myra F. Barrett, Kurt Selberg, Sheryl Ferguson, Joann Slack, Susan Steward

Introduction 222

Safety and Quality 222

Radiography 222

Nuclear Scintigraphy 245

Ultrasonography 248

Magnetic Resonance Imaging 255

Computed Tomography 256

References 258

Chapter 9 Reproduction 261
Harry Momont, Celina M. Checura

Introduction 261

Anatomy and Physiology of Reproduction 262

Clinical Examination of the Male and

Female for Breeding Soundness 269

Reproductive Disorders 273

Reproductive Management 274

References 277

Chapter 10 Neonatology 279
Laura Lien

Introduction 279

Perinatal Period 280

Neonatal Infections 282

Premature Neonates 285

Nursing Care 288

References 292

Chapter 11 Diseases 295
Fernando J. Marqués, William Gilsenan, Amy L. Johnson, Shirley Sandoval, Sian Durward-Akhurst, Stephanie Rutten-Ramos, Sue Loly, Heather Hopkinson

Disease 295

Actinobacillus Pleuropneumonia (APP) 296

Acute Hypocalcemia (Milk fever) 297

Anaplamosis 297

Anemia 298

Anterior Uveitis 299

Anthrax 300

Ascaridiasis 302

Atrophic Rhinitis 302

Bacillary Hemoglobinuria (a.k.a., Red Water Disease, clostridial hepatitis) 303

Blackleg 304

Bloat (Ruminal tympany) 305

Blue Tongue (a.k.a., BTV, Catarral Fever) 306

Botulism 307

Bovine Coronavirus (BCV) 309

Bovine Herpes Virus 1 Infection (Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis [IBR]) 309

Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV); Adult Lymphosarcoma 310

Bovine Papular Stomatitis (BPS) 311

Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) 312

Brucellosis 314

Calf Scours 314

Campylobacteriosis 315

Cancer Eye Ocular Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) 316

Candidiasis (Thrush) 317

Caseous Lymphadenitis (CL) 317

Cervical Vertebral Stenotic Myelopathy (CVSM, a.k.a., Wobbler’s Syndrome) 318

Choke 320

Chorioptic Mange 321

Clostridium perfringens Diarrhea 322

Coccidiosis 323

Colitis 324

Contagious Ecthyma (a.k.a., Orf, SoreMouth) 325

Corneal Ulceration 325

Demodectic Mange, Demodicosis 326

Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM) 327

Digital Dermatitis (Hairy heel wart, Papillomatous digital dermatitis, Mortellaro’s disease) 328

Eperythrozoonosis 329

Equine Degenerative Myeloencephalopathy (EDM) 330

Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome 331

Equine Herpesvirus Myeloencephalopathy (EHM) 332

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) 334

Equine Motor Neuron Disease (EMND) 335

Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis (EPM) 336

Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA) 337

Equine Viral Encephalitides (EEE, WEE, VEE) 338

Entropion 339

Erysipelas 340

Escherichia coli 341

Exertional Rhabdomyolysis (ER; a.k.a., Monday Morning Disease, azoturia, Equine rhabdomyolysis syndrome, tying-up, chronic exertional rhabdomyolysis) 342

Fescue Toxicity 343

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) 344

Foot Rot 345

Grass Tetany 345

Guttural Pouch Empyema 346

Guttural Pouch Mycosis 347

Haemophilus parasuis (Glässer’s Disease) 348

Head Trauma 348

Hepatic Encephalopathy 350

Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever) 351

Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP) 351

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK, “Pink eye”) 353

Influenza 354

Iodine Deficiency 354

Johne’s Disease (Paratuberculosis) 355

Ketosis 356

Laminitis 357

Leptospirosis 358

Lice 359

Leukoencephalomalacia (Moldy Corn Disease) 360

Listeriosis 361

Lumpy Jaw (Actinomycosis) 362

Malignant Hyperthermia (Porcine Stress Syndrome) 363

Mastitis 364

Melanoma 365

Neosporosis 366

Ovine Progressive Pneumonia (OPP), Maedi 367

Parelaphostrongylosis 367

Pasteurella Pneumonia 368

Phenylbutazone Toxicity 369

Polioencephalomalacia 370

Polyneuritis Equi (Cauda Equina Neuritis) 371

Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy (a.k.a., PSSM, EPSM, EPSSM) 372

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) 373

Potomac Horse Fever (a.k.a., Equine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis, Equine Ehrlichial Colitis, Ditch fever, PHF) 374

Precocious Udder (Inappropriate Lactation) 375

Pseudorabies (PRV, Aujeszky’s disease) 376

Psoroptic Mange (Common Sheep Scab) 376

Pulpy Kidney Disease (Type D enterotoxemia, overeating disease) 377 Q Fever 378

Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO, a.k.a., heaves or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) 379

Rabies 380

Ringworm (Dermatophytosis) 381

Salmonellosis 382

Sarcoptic Mange 383

Scrapie 384

Septic Arthritis 385

Sheep and Goat Pox 385

Strangles 386

Streptococcal Infections 388

Swine Influenza 389

Tetanus 389

Trichomoniasis 391

Ulcerative Dermatosis 391

Urolithiasis 392

Vesicular Stomatitis 394

Warts (Cutaneous papillomas) 395

West Nile Virus Infection (WNV) 395

White Muscle Disease 397

Wooden Tongue (Actinobacilosis) 397

References 398

Multiple Choice Questions Answer Bank 405

“Test Your Learning” Answer Bank 411

Glossary of Terms 419

Index 427

“The result is a fine student text that is especially recommended for any veterinary technician studying large animal care.”  (Midwest Book Review, 1 December 2014)

“Overall, I like this book and plan on using it in our veterinary technician program.”  (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 15 September 2014)

 

  • Presented in full-color with a wealth of images
  • Covers horses, cattle, camelids, small ruminants, and pigs
  • Offers clinical applications throughout the text
  • Scope includes hospital biosecurity, restraint, physical examinations, nutrition, clinical and diagnostic procedures, reproduction, neonatology, and disease
  • Companion website includes review questions and answers, case studies, and an image bank with additional photographs to aid in breed identification