Part I: Empiricism.
1. Essay concerning Human Understanding: John Locke.
2. Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists: George Berkeley.
3. An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding: David Hume.
4. A Treatise of Human Nature: David Hume.
Part II: Critics of Empiricism.
5. New Essays concerning Human Understanding: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
6. The Leibniz–Clarke Correspondence: Gottfried Leibniz and Samuel Clarke.
7. An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense: Thomas Reid.
Part III: Kant’s Critique of Rationalism and Empiricism.
8. Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics: Immanuel Kant.
Part IV: Arguments for the Existence of God.
9. A Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God: Samuel Clarke.
10. Natural Theology: William Paley.
11. Dialogues concerning Natural Religion: David Hume.
12. Critique of Pure Reason: Immanuel Kant.
Part V: Political Philosophy.
13. Second Treatise on Government: John Locke.
14. Of the Original Contract: David Hume.
15. On the Social Contract: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Part VI: Moral Philosophy.
16. Discourse concerning the Unchangeable Obligations of Natural Religion: Samuel Clarke.
17. A Treatise of Human Nature: David Hume.
18. A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals: Richard Price.
19. The Theory of Moral Sentiments: Adam Smith.
20. Lectures on Ethics: Immanuel Kant.
21. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals: Immanuel Kant.
22. Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind: Thomas Reid.
23. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation: Jeremy Bentham.
24. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: Mary Wollstonecraft.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Stephen Darwall, University of Michigan
“A rich and wisely chosen collection of key eighteenth-century texts, distinctive in covering not only epistemology and metaphysics, but moral and political philosophy.” Kenneth P. Winkler, Wellesley College
- Gathers together the key texts from the most significant and influential philosophers of the late modern era to provide a thorough introduction to the period.
- Features the writings of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Leibniz, Kant, Rousseau, Bentham and other leading thinkers.
- Examines such topics as empiricism, rationalism, and the existence of God.
- Readings are accompanied by expert commentary from the editors, who are leading scholars in the field.