Skip to main content

Linux Server Security: Hack and Defend



Linux Server Security: Hack and Defend

Chris Binnie

ISBN: 978-1-119-27764-4 May 2016 144 Pages

Download Product Flyer

Download Product Flyer

Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description.


Learn how to attack and defend the world’s most popular web server platform

Linux Server Security: Hack and Defend presents a detailed guide for experienced admins, aspiring hackers and other IT professionals seeking a more advanced understanding of Linux security. Written by a 20-year veteran of Linux server deployment this book provides the insight of experience along with highly practical instruction.

The topics range from the theory of past, current, and future attacks, to the mitigation of a variety of online attacks, all the way to empowering you to perform numerous malicious attacks yourself (in the hope that you will learn how to defend against them). By increasing your understanding of a hacker’s tools and mindset you're less likely to be confronted by the all-too-common reality faced by many admins these days: someone else has control of your systems.

  • Master hacking tools and launch sophisticated attacks: perform SQL injections, deploy multiple server exploits and crack complex passwords.
  • Defend systems and networks: make your servers invisible, be confident of your security with penetration testing and repel unwelcome attackers.
  • Increase your background knowledge of attacks on systems and networks and improve all-important practical skills required to secure any Linux server.

The techniques presented apply to almost all Linux distributions including the many Debian and Red Hat derivatives and some other Unix-type systems. Further your career with this intriguing, deeply insightful, must-have technical book. Diverse, broadly-applicable and hands-on practical, Linux Server Security: Hack and Defend is an essential resource which will sit proudly on any techie's bookshelf.

Preface xiii

Introduction xv

Chapter 1: Invisibility Cloak 1

Background 1

Probing Ports 1

Confusing a Port Scanner 2

Installing knockd 2

Packages 3

Changing Default Settings 3

Altering Filesystem Locations 4

Some Config Options 5

Starting the Service 5

Changing the Default Network Interface 5

Packet Types and Timing 5

Testing Your Install 6

Port Knocking Clients 7

Making Your Server Invisible 7

Testing Your iptables 8

Saving iptables Rules 9

Further Considerations 10

Smartphone Client 10

Troubleshooting 10

Security Considerations 10

Ephemeral Sequences 11

Summary 12

Chapter 2: Digitally Fingerprint Your Files 13

Filesystem Integrity 13

Whole Filesystem 16

Rootkits 17

Confi guration 19

False Positives 21

Well Designed 22

Summary 23

Chapter 3: Twenty-First-Century Netcat 25

History 25

Installation Packages 27

Getting Started 27

Transferring Files 29

Chatting Example 30

Chaining Commands Together 30

Secure Communications 31

Executables 33

Access Control Lists 34

Miscellaneous Options 34

Summary 35

Chapter 4: Denying Service 37

NTP Infrastructure 37

NTP Reflection Attacks 38

Attack Reporting 40

Preventing SNMP Reflection 41

DNS Resolvers 42

Complicity 43

Bringing a Nation to Its Knees 44

Mapping Attacks 45

Summary 46

Chapter 5: Nping 49

Functionality 49

TCP 50

Interpreter 51

UDP 52


ARP 53

Payload Options 53

Echo Mode 54

Other Nping Options 57

Summary 58

Chapter 6: Logging Reconnoiters 59

ICMP Misconceptions 59

tcpdump 60

Iptables 61

Multipart Rules 64

Log Everything for Forensic Analysis 64

Hardening 65

Summary 67

Chapter 7: Nmap’s Prodigious NSE 69

Basic Port Scanning 69

The Nmap Scripting Engine 71

Timing Templates 73

Categorizing Scripts 74

Contributing Factors 75

Security Holes 75

Authentication Checks 77

Discovery 78

Updating Scripts 79

Script Type 80

Regular Expressions 80

Graphical User Interfaces 81

Zenmap 81

Summary 82

Chapter 8: Malware Detection 85

Getting Started 85

Definition Update Frequency 85

Malware Hash Registry 86

Prevalent Threats 86

LMD Features 86

Monitoring Filesystems 88

Installation 88

Monitoring Modes 90

Configuration 91

Exclusions 91

Running from the CLI 92

Reporting 92

Quarantining and Cleaning 93

Updating LMD 94

Scanning and Stopping Scans 94

Cron Job 96

Reporting Malware 96

Apache Integration 96

Summary 97

Chapter 9: Password Cracking with Hashcat 99

History 99

Understanding Passwords 99

Keyspace 100


Using Hashcat 103

Hashcat Capabilities 103

Installation 103

Hash Identifi cation104

Choosing Attack Mode 106

Downloading a Wordlist 106

Rainbow Tables 107

Running Hashcat 107

oclHashcat 110

Hashcat-Utils 111

Summary 111

Chapter 10: SQL Injection Attacks 113

History 113

Basic SQLi 114

Mitigating SQLi in PHP 115

Exploiting SQL Flaws 117

Launching an Attack 118

Trying SQLi Legally 120

Summary 121

Index 123