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List of MAK and BAT Values 2015: Permanent Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area, Report 51

List of MAK and BAT Values 2015: Permanent Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area, Report 51

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

ISBN: 978-3-527-69553-9

Sep 2015

294 pages

Select type: O-Book

Maximum Concentrations at the Workplace

I Significance, use and derivation of MAK values

Definition 9

Purpose 10

Prerequisites 10

Derivation of MAK values 11

a Selection of substances and collection of data 12

b Values based on effects in man 12

c Values based on effects on animals 13

d Exceptional workplaces 14

e Odour, irritation and annoyance 14

f Habituation 14

Documentation 14

Publication 15

Mixtures of substances 15

Analytical controls 16

Substances that can occur simultaneously as vapour and aerosol 16

II List of substances

a Substances with MAK values and substances listed in Sections IIb and III to XV 20

b Substances for which no MAK value can be established at present 157

III Carcinogenic substances

Category 1 163

Category 2 165

Category 3 168

Category 3A 168

Category 3B 169

Category 4 172

Category 5 174

Groups of substances requiring special consideration 174

Carcinogenic medicines 174

Amines which form carcinogenic nitrosamines on nitrosation 174

Monocyclic aromatic amino and nitro compounds 175

Azo colourants 176

Pyrolysis products of organic materials 177

Fibrous dusts 179

Classification criteria 179

Summary 181

IV Sensitizing substances 182

a Criteria for assessment of contact allergens 184

b Criteria for assessment of respiratory allergens 186

c Designation of a substance as an allergen 188

d List of allergens 189

e Evaluation of members of specific groups of substances &196

V Aerosols 199

a General definitions 199

b Properties of aerosols which determine their effects 200

c Inhalation, deposition and clearance of aerosols in the respiratory tract 201

d Conventions for measuring concentrations of particles 203

e Fibrogenic aerosols 205

f General threshold limit value for dust 205

g Exposures exceeding the MAK value 206

h Ultrafine (aerosol) particles, their agglomerates and aggregates 206

VI Limitation of exposure peaks 208

VII Percutaneous absorption 209

VIII MAK values and pregnancy 210

IX Germ cell mutagens 212

X Substances requiring special consideration 214

a Organic peroxides 214

b Gasolines 214

c Metal-working fluids, hydraulic fluids and lubricants 215

d Metals and metal compounds 221

e Radioactive materials 221

Assessment Values in Biological Material

XI Significance and use of BAT values 223

Definition 223

Prerequisites 223

Derivation of BAT values 224

Documentation 224

Purpose 225

Correlations between BAT and MAK values 225

Surveillance 226

Evaluation of analytical data 226

Allergenic substances 227

Carcinogenic substances 227

BAR 227

Mixtures of substances 228

XII List of substances 229

6 Table of Contents

XIII Carcinogenic substances 242

XIV BLW 251

XV BAR 252

CAS Number Index

CAS numbers of the substances listed in Sections II to XVand on the yellow pages 254

Appendix

Members of the Commission and permanent guest contributors 281

Constitution and procedures of the Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area 284

Substances in the lists of MAK and BAT values reviewed in 2014/2015 I

Substances being examined for the establishment of MAK and BAT values V

Procedure of the Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area for making changes in or additions to the List of MAK and BAT Values XXVII