Luther's Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther's Theological Breakthrough, 2nd Edition
Part One: The Background: Luther as a Late Medieval Theologian, 1509-1514.
1 The Dawn of the Reformation at Wittenberg.
The late medieval context.
The concept of "justification" in Christian thought.
The reform of the church and the renewal of spirituality.
The Ninety-Five Theses.
The importance of the present study.
2 Headwaters of the Reformation at Wittenberg: Humanism, Nominalism, and the Augustinian Tradition.
The via moderna and via antiqua at Wittenberg.
A new school of thought? The via Gregorii at Wittenberg.
Luther and the Augustinian Order.
Humanism: The studia humanitatis at Wittenberg.
Nominalism: The via moderna at Wittenberg.
The Augustinian tradition: A modern Augustinian school at Wittenberg?
3 Luther as a Late Medieval Theologian.
The Dictata super Psalterium.
Luther's biblical hermeneutic, 1513-1514.
The debate over the date of Luther's theological breakthrough.
Part Two: The Breakthrough: Luther in Transition, 1514-1519.
4 Mira et nova diffinitio iustitiae: Luther's Discovery of the Righteousness of God.
Luther's difficulties in the light of late medieval theology.
The theological pactum and existential anxiety.
"The righteousness of God" and "the righteousness of faith".
Luther's exposition of Psalms 70 (71) and 71 (72).
Luther's break with the soteriology of the via moderna (1515).
The nature and significance of Luther's critique of Aristotle.
The nature and date of Luther's theological breakthrough.
5 Crux sola est nostra theologia: The Emergence of the Theology of the Cross, 1514-1519.
The Heidelberg Disputation (1518) and the "theology of the cross".
The leading themes of Luther's "theology of the cross".
The "righteousness of God" and the "theology of the cross".
The "theology of the cross" as a critique of analogical language about God.
The "crucified and hidden God".
Faith, doubt, and Anfechtung.
Luther's theological development, 1509-1519: A summary.